A Study of the Dhammapada Collection

2: Contents (Chapters 1 - 7)

 

One of the most striking things about the Pāḷi Dhammapada is that nearly all of its verses (95%) are found in at least one of the other collections, and not infrequently in all of them. Given the fragmentary nature of the Gāndhārī Dharmapada, and its close resemblance to the Pāḷi where it does exist, we could expect that the figures would be even higher if we had more of that text available.

Below are tables covering the twenty-six chapters in the Pāḷi Dhammapada, with the information relating to the correspondence between chapter and verse abstracted, so that it is possible to see at a glance the correspondences in the four main collections.Normally the information concerning the Mahāvastu and the other texts is not presented here, as they are generally not collections of verses, and only contain incidental parallels (the Mahāvastu contains a Sahasravarga, and maybe a Bhikṣuvarga, and the information concerning these chapters is summarised).01 Following each of the tables I have made a few notes highlighting certain aspects they bring out in regard to content and sequence, together with other explanatory notes whenever necessary.

There are certain verses in the Pāḷi collection that find no parallel in any of the other collections; in that case I have also inspected the Pāḷi Canon itself to see whether they are parallels there, and I give the findings in the notes that follow the tables.

Where the verses only partially parallel the Pāḷi, this is noted by indicating the quarters that are parallel (as a, b, c, d, etc). Where parts of two verses together make up a parallel, this is also clearly indicated.

Parts of the Gāndhārī Dharmapada are, unfortunately, badly damaged or lost, so that sometimes we no longer know the contents of the whole verse, and therefore how well it parallels the Pāḷi. The verses affected in this way have therefore been marked with an asterick in the tables that follow.

The total number of verses in the Pāḷi and the parallels in the other collections are noted at the bottom of each table.

 

1: Yamakavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

1.1 Yamaka

1.1 Jama

13.1 Yamaka

31.23 Citta

1.2 Yamaka

1.2 Jama

13.2 Yamaka

31.24 Citta

1.3 Yamaka

1.5 Jama

 

14.9 Droha

1.4 Yamaka

1.6 Jama

 

14.10 Droha

1.5 Yamaka

14.15 Khānti

 

14.11 Droha

1.6 Yamaka

14.16 Khānti

 

 

1.7 Yamaka

1.7 Jama

13.17 Yamaka

29.15 Yuga

1.8 Yamaka

1.8 Jama

13.18 Yamaka

29.16 Yuga

1.9 Yamaka

6.11 Śoka

12.11 Thera

29.7 Yuga

1.10 Yamaka

6.12 Śoka

12.12 Thera

29.8 Yuga

1.11 Yamaka

10.15 Mala

13.13 Yamaka

29.3 Yuga

1.12 Yamaka

10.16 Mala

13.14 Yamaka

29.4 Yuga

1.13 Yamaka

19.10 Citta

13.19 Yamaka

31.11 Citta

1.14 Yamaka

19.11 Citta

13.20 Yamaka

31.17 Citta

1.15 Yamaka

1.3 Jama

13.5 Yamaka

28.34 Pāpa

1.16 Yamaka

1.4 Jama

13.6 Yamaka

28.35 Pāpa

1.17 Yamaka

 

 

 

1.18 Yamaka

 

 

 

1.19 Yamaka

16.13 Vācā

12.9 Thera

4.22 Apramāda

1.20 Yamaka

16.14 Vācā

12.10 Thera

4.23 Apramāda

 

20

18

14

17

 

 

2: Appamādavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

2.1 Appamāda

2.1 Apramāda

7.6 Apramadu

4.1 Apramāda

2.2 Appamāda

2.2 Apramāda

7.7 Apramadu

4.2 Apramāda

2.3 Appamāda

2.3 Apramāda

 

4.3 Apramāda

2.4 Appamāda

2.15 Apramāda

7.3 Apramadu

4.6 Apramāda (abd)

2.5 Appamāda

2.16 Apramāda

7.2 Apramadu

4.5 Apramāda

2.6 Appamāda

2.4 Apramāda

7.8 Apramadu

4.10 Apramāda

2.7 Appamāda

 

7.20bc & 25cd Apramadu

4.12 Apramāda

2.8 Appamāda

2.6 Apramāda

7.10 Apramadu

4.4 Apramāda

2.9 Appamāda

2.5 Apramāda

7.9 Apramadu

19.4 Aśva

2.10 Appamāda

 

7.11 Apramadu

4.24 Apramāda

2.11 Appamāda

2.10 Apramāda

2.24 Bhikhu

4.29 Apramāda

2.12 Appamāda

2.9 Apramāda

2.23 Bhikhu

4.32 Apramāda

 

12

10

11

12

 

 

3: Cittavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

3.1 Citta

19.1 Citta

8.2 Cita (ab)*

31.8 Citta

3.2 Citta

19.2 Citta

8.? Cita (a)*

31.2 Citta

3.3 Citta

19.4 Citta

 

31.1 Citta

3.4 Citta

19.5 Citta

 

 

3.5 Citta

19.3 Citta

8.? Cita (a)*

31.8A Citta (ab)

3.6 Citta

18.9 Dadantī

8.? Cita

31.28 Citta

3.7 Citta

19.6 Citta (abc)

8.? Cita

28.6 Pāpa

3.8 Citta

19.9 Citta

 

31.35 Citta

3.9 Citta

19.8 Citta

8.19 Jara

1.35 Anitya

3.10 Citta

 

 

31.9 Citta (bc)

3.11 Citta

 

 

31.10 Citta (abc)

 

11

9

6

10

 

 

4: Pupphavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

4.1 Puppha

8.11 Puṣpa

18.12 Puṣpa (bcd)*

18.1 Puṣpa

4.2 Puppha

8.12 Puṣpa

18.13 Puṣpa

18.2 Puṣpa

4.3 Puppha

8.14 Puṣpa

18.11 Puṣpa (bcd)*

18.18 Puṣpa

4.4 Puppha

8.8 Puṣpa

18.5 Puṣpa (bcd)*

18.14 Puṣpa

4.5 Puppha

8.9 Puṣpa

 

18.15 Puṣpa

4.6 Puppha

8.7 Puṣpa

18.3 Puṣpa

18.8 Puṣpa

4.7 Puppha

17.4 Ātta

16.13 Prakiṇaka? (abc)

18.9 Puṣpa (abc)

4.8 Puppha

8.5 Puṣpa

18.1 Puṣpa

18.6 Puṣpa

4.9 Puppha

8.6 Puṣpa

18.2 Puṣpa

18.7 Puṣpa

4.10 Puppha

8.10 Puṣpa

18.4 Puṣpa

18.10 Puṣpa

4.11 Puppha

8.1 Puṣpa

18.6 Puṣpa

6.16 Śīla

4.12 Puppha

8.2 Puṣpa

18.7 Puṣpa (cd)*

6.17 Śīla (acd)

4.13 Puppha

8.3 Puṣpa

 

6.18 Śīla

4.14 Puppha

8.4 Puṣpa

18.8 Puṣpa

6.19 Śīla

4.15 Puppha

8.15 Puṣpa

18.14 Puṣpa

18.12 Puṣpa

4.16 Puppha

8.16 Puṣpa

18.15 Puṣpa

18.13 Puṣpa

 

16

16

14

16

 

 

5: Bālavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

5.1 Bāla

11.12 Bāla

 

1.19 Anitya

5.2 Bāla

 

 

14.15 Droha (acd)

5.3 Bāla

 

 

1.20 Anitya

5.4 Bāla

11.11 Bāla

 

25.22 Mitra

5.5 Bāla

11.18 Bāla

14.10 Paṇida (abc)

25.13 Mitra

5.6 Bāla

11.19 Bāla

14.11 Paṇida (abc)

25.14 Mitra

5.7 Bāla

11.1 Bāla

 

9.13 Karma

5.8 Bāla

11.2 Bāla

 

9.14 Karma

5.9 Bāla

11.3 Bāla

 

9.15 Karma

5.10 Bāla

 

 

28.18 Pāpa

5.11 Bāla

21.13 Sahasra (abd)

 

24.17 Peyāla (abd)

5.12 Bāla

7.12 Kalyāṇī

 

9.17 Karma

5.13 Bāla

11.4 Bāla

 

13.2 Satkāra

5.14 Bāla

11.5 Bāla

 

13.3 Satkāra

5.15 Bāla

11.6 (abd) & 11.7 (ab) Bāla

 

13.4 (bd) & 13.5 (ab) Satkāra

5.16 Bāla

11.7 (cd) & 11.8 Bāla

 

13.5cd & 13.6 Satkāra

 

16

13

2

16

 

 

6: Paṇḍitavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

6.1 Paṇḍita

12.12 Attha

14.8 Paṇida

28.7 Pāpa

6.2 Paṇḍita

12.13 Attha

14.7 Paṇida

5.26 Priya

6.3 Paṇḍita

12.11 Attha

 

25.3 Mitra

6.4 Paṇḍita

19.7 Citta

14.1 Paṇida

30.13 Sukha

6.5 Paṇḍita

 

 

17.10 Udaka

6.6 Paṇḍita

6.10 Śoka

14.16 Paṇida

29.49 Yuga

6.7 Paṇḍita

15.15 Āsava

14.2 Paṇida

17.11 Udaka

6.8 Paṇḍita

5.16 Attha

14.3 Paṇida

30.52 Sukha

6.9 Paṇḍita

17.21 Ātta

20.3 Śila?

 

6.10 Paṇḍita

15.1 Āsava

 

29.33 Yuga

6.11 Paṇḍita

15.2 Āsava

 

29.34 Yuga

6.12 Paṇḍita

15.3 Āsava

 

16.14 Prakirṇaka

6.13 Paṇḍita

15.4 Āsava

 

16.14 Prakirṇaka (ef)

6.14 Paṇḍita

15.5 Āsava

 

31.39 Citta

 

14

13

7

13

 

 

7: Arahantavagga

Pāḷi

Patna

Gāndhārī

Udānavarga

 

7.1 Arahanta

6.3 Śoka

 

29.35 Yuga

7.2 Arahanta

13.16 Śaraṇa

 

17.1 Udaka

7.3 Arahanta

6.4ab Śoka & 15.10c-f Āsava

 

29.26 Yuga

7.4 Arahanta

15.10 Āsava

 

29.29 Yuga

7.5 Arahanta

6.6 Śoka

 

19.3 Aśva

7.6 Arahanta

 

 

 

7.7 Arahanta

6.5 Śoka

 

31.45 Citta

7.8 Arahanta

18.7 Dadantī

 

29.23 Yuga

7.9 Arahanta

14.7 Khānti

 

29.18 Yuga

7.10 Arahanta

9.19 Tahna

 

29.17 Yuga

 

10

9

 

9