A Reconstruction of the Uraga Verses

 

Bearing in mind the comments made in the above study, we might here attempt a reconstruction of how the verses may have looked before the additions.The presentation of the verses is given in Pāḷi, but there is no evidence that the verses ever appeared in that language in this form, so it is merely a convenience for the interested student that we use that language.01 When we remove verse six Which, as I said above, is probably an interpolation.02 and the substitution series and place the fifth verse at the beginning, we see that there is a remarkable resemblance between the Gāndhārī and the Pāḷi, in both sequence and content, which indicates that we are probably quite close to the original collection. In making this speculative reconstruction, I have corrected the metre wherever the parallels indicate the necessity, though there are occasions where it appears the metre was faulty in the original, in which case I have let it stand.03

 

Sn 1.5 ≈ Gāndhārī 81

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo nājjhagamā bhavesu sāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦⏑⏑−⏑−−
vicinaṁ puppham-iva udumbaresu, The metre is faulty in the cadence here, and also in Patna and Gāndhārī; the Udānavarga redactor(s) have completely rewritten the line.04

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ Text: -iva tacaṁ. All the parallels have gemination at the beginning of the word, which is needed to fit the metre, and was probably in the original version of the text, even if the manuscripts do not support the reading.05 purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.1 ≈ Gāndhārī 82

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo uppatitaṁ vineti kodhaṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
visaṭaṁ sappavisaṁ va osadhehi,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.2 ≈ Gāndhārī 83

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo rāgam-udacchidā asesaṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
bhisapupphaṁ va saroruhaṁ vigayha,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.3 ≈ Gāndhārī 84

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo taṇham-udacchidā asesaṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
saritaṁ sīghasaraṁ visosayitvā,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.4 ≈ Gāndhārī 83acd 85bcd

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo mānam-udabbadhī asesaṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
naḷasetuṁ va sudubbalaṁ mahogho,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

(Sn 1.7 ≈ Udānavarga 32.77 As this verse does in fact have a close parallel in the Udānavarga, it may have been in the original collection, and been lost in the Gāndhārī; alternatively it may be a late addition that found its way into the Pāḷi and Udānavarga rescensions, and it would then need to be omitted here.06

−⏑⏑−¦−⏑−⏑−
yassa vitakkā vidhūpitā, The metre of this line is Vetālīya in both the Pāḷi and Udānavarga.07

−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
ajjhattaṁ suvikappitā asesā,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ).

 

Sn 1.8 ≈ Gāndhārī 86

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo nāccasarī Text: nāccasārī. The verses in all the parallels have the simplex here, which corrects the metre.08 na paccasārī,

−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
sabbaṁ accagamā imaṁ papañcaṁ,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.9 ≈ Gāndhārī 87

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo nāccasarī na paccasārī,

−−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
sabbaṁ vitatham-idan-ti ñatva loke,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.14 ≈ Gāndhārī 88acd

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yassānusayā na santi keci,

−−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
mūlā ca akusalā samūhatāse,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.15 ≈ Gāndhārī 88bcd

−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yassa darathajā na santi keci,

−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
oraṁ āgamanāya paccayāse,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.16 ≈ Gāndhārī 89

−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yassa vanathajā na santi keci,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
vinibandhāya bhavāya hetukappā,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.

 

Sn 1.17 ≈ Gāndhārī 90

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yo nīvaraṇe pahāya pañca,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
anigho tiṇṇakathaṁkatho visallo,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
so bhikkhu jahāti orapāraṁ,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
urago jiṇṇam-iva ttacaṁ purāṇaṁ.