10: Mala
Malavaggo

 

[157 ≈ Dhp 241]

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
asajjhāyamalāvedā    anuṭṭhāṇamalā gharā |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
malo vaṇṇassa kosajjaṁ    pramādo rakkhatāṁ malo This and the next two verses occur in the same order in the Dhammapada.01 ||

 

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
asajjhāyamalā mantā    anuṭṭhānamalā gharā,

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
malaṁ vaṇṇassa kosajjaṁ    pamādo rakkhato malaṁ.

 

[158 ≈ Dhp 242]

⏑−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−   9 syllables
malo istiye This line has 9 syllables, we need to read malo 'stiye m.c. to give a normal opening.02 duccaritaṁ    maccheraṁ dadatāṁ malo |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
malo pāpāni kaṁmāṇi    assiṁ loke paramhi ca ||

 

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    bhavipulā
malitthiyā duccaritaṁ    maccheraṁ dadato malaṁ,

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
malā ve pāpakā dhammā    asmiṁ loke paramhi ca.

 

[159 ≈ Dhp 243]

⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
tato malataraṁ brūmi    avijjā maraṇaṁ malaṁ |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ete male prahattāna    niṁmalā caratha bhikkhavo ||

 

⏑−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
tato malā malataraṁ    avijjā paramaṁ malaṁ,

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    pathyā
etaṁ malaṁ pahatvāna    nimmalā hotha bhikkhavo.

 

[160 ≈ Dhp 240]

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vaitālīya x 4
ayasā tu malo samuṭṭhito    tato I count the end syllable as light to give the normal opening, cf. the Pāḷi verse where the first syllable has to be counted as heavy to complete the syllabic count.03 uṭṭhāya tam eva khādati |

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
em eva vidhūnacāriyaṁ -ū- is m.c. to give the normal cadence.04    sakāni kaṁmāṇi We need to read sakakaṁmāṇi to correct the metre. Cf. the Pāḷi verse.05 nayanti doggatiṁ ||

 

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vetālīya x 4
ayasā va malaṁ samuṭṭhitaṁ   taduṭṭhāya tam eva khādati,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
evaṁ atidhonacārinaṁ    sakakammāni nayanti duggatiṁ.

 

[161 ≈ Dhp 235]

−⏑⏑−¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vaitālīya x 4
pāṇḍupalāśo ca dāni si    yamapuruṣā pi ca te upaṭṭhitā |

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
uyyogamukhe ca tiṣṭhasi    pātheyaṁ pi ca te na vijjati ||

 

−⏑⏑−¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vetālīya x 4
paṇḍupalāso va dānisi    yamapurisā pi ca taṁ upaṭṭhitā,

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
uyyogamukhe ca tiṭṭhasi    pātheyyam pi ca te na vijjati.

 

[162b cf. Dhp 239cd; cd ≈ Dhp 236cd]

−⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Vaitālīya x 4
uyyamassa We need to read the initial syllable as light to correct the metre.06 ghaṭassa āttanā    kaṁmāro rajataṁ va niddhame |

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−[⏑]−
niddhāntamalo anaṅgano    bitiyaṁ Cone places what is presumably an alternative reading vitiyaṁ in brackets. There is no discussion of the reading.07 ariyabhūmim esi The metre is very poor in this line. I believe a syllable has dropped out of the last word, and we should read ehisi (cf. 57 above). But even then we still need to read āriya- to correct the metre.08 ||

 

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−   pathyā Śloka
kammāro rajatasseva    niddhame malam attano.

————

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vetālīya x 2
niddhantamalo anaṅgaṇo   dibbaṁ ariyabhūmim ehisi.

 

[163 ≈ Dhp 239]

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
anupūrvveṇa medhāvī    thokathokaṁ khaṇe khaṇe |

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
kammāro rajatasseva    niddhame malam āttano ||

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
anupubbena medhāvī    thokathokaṁ khaṇe khaṇe,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
kammāro rajatasseva    niddhame malam attano.

 

[164 ≈ Dhp 244]

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
sujīvaṁ ahirīkena -ī- is m.c to give the pathyā cadence.09    saṁkiliṣṭan tu jīvati |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
prakkhaṇḍinā pragabbheṇa    kākaśūreṇa dhansinā Notice how lines b and d in Patna and Pāḷi are inverted.10 ||

 

⏑−−⏑¦⏑⏑−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    savipulā
sujīvaṁ ahirikena    kākasūrena dhaṁsinā,

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
pakkhandinā pagabbhena    saṅkiliṭṭhena jīvitaṁ.

 

[165 ≈ Dhp 245]

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
hirīmatā -ī- is m.c to avoid two light syllables in 2nd and 3rd positions.11 tu dujjīvaṁ    niccaṁ śucigaveṣiṇā |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
alīnenāpragabbheṇa    śuddhājīvena paśśatā ||

 

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
hirīmatā ca dujjīvaṁ    niccaṁ sucigavesinā,

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
alīnenāpagabbhena    suddhājīvena passatā.

 

[166 ≈ Dhp 252]

⏑−−−¦−−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
supaśśaṁ vajjaṁ We should probably read vajjam to give the pathyā cadence as in the Pāḷi.12 aṁñesaṁ    āttano puna duddaśaṁ |

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
paresām iha vajjāni    uppunāti yathā busaṁ |

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
āttano puna chādeti    kalim va ktavāṁ śaṭho ||

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sudassaṁ vajjam aññesaṁ    attano pana duddasaṁ,

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
paresaṁ hi sŏ vajjāni    opunāti yathā bhusaṁ,

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
attano pana chādeti    kaliṁ va kitavā saṭho.

 

[167 ≈ Dhp 163, Attavaggo]

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sukarāṇi asādhūni    āttano ahitāni ca |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
yaṁ ve hitaṁ ca sādhuñ ca    taṁ ve paramadukkaraṁ ||

 

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sukarāni asādhūni    attano ahitāni ca,

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
yaṁ ve hitañ ca sādhuñ ca    taṁ ve paramadukkaraṁ.

 

[168ab ≈ Dhp 163ab, Attavaggo]

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sukarāṇi asādhūni    āttano ahitāni ca |

−⏑⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
yāni hitāni sādhūni    tāni kurvvanti paṇḍitā I can find no parallel to line d in the Pāḷi texts.13 ||

 

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sukarāni asādhūni    attano ahitāni ca

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
yaṁ ve hitañ ca sādhuñ ca    taṁ ve paramadukkaraṁ.

 

[169 ab ≈ Dhp 316 ab; c-f ≈ 317, Nirayavaggo]

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
alajjitavve lajjanti    lajjitavve na lajjatha |

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
abhaye bhayadaṁśāvī    bhaye cābhayadaṁśino |

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
micchadṣṭisamādānā    sattā gacchanti doggatiṁ ||

 

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
alajjitāye lajjanti    lajjitāye na lajjare,

————

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    Anuṭṭhubha
abhaye bhayadassino    bhaye cābhayadassino,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
micchādiṭṭhisamādānā    sattā gacchanti duggatiṁ.

 

[170 ≈ Dhp 318, Nirayavaggo]

⏑−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
avajje vajjamatino    vajje cāvajjasaṁñino |

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
micchadṣṭisamādānā    sattā gacchanti doggatiṁ ||

 

⏑−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
avajje vajjamatino    vajje cāvajjadassino,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
micchādiṭṭhisamādānā    sattā gacchanti duggatiṁ.

 

[171 ≈ Dhp 11, Yamakavaggo]

⏑−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
asāre sāramatino    sāre cā 'sārasaṁñino |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
te sāran nādhigacchanti    micchasaṁkappagocarā ||

 

⏑−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
asāre sāramatino    sāre cāsāradassino,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
te sāraṁ nādhigacchanti    micchāsaṅkappagocarā.

 

[172 ≈ Dhp 12, Yamakavaggo]

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sārañ ca sārato ññāttā    asārañ ca asārato |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
te sāram adhigacchanti    saṁmasaṁkappagocarā ||

 

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sārañ ca sārato ñatvā    asārañ ca asārato,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
te sāraṁ adhigacchanti    sammāsaṅkappagocarā.

 

[173 ≈ Dhp 209, Piyavaggo]

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ayoge yuñjiyāttānaṁ    yogamhi ca ayuṁjiya |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
atthaṁ hettā priyaggrāhī    phayantatthānuyogināṁ ||

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ayoge yuñjam attānaṁ    yogasmiñ ca ayojayaṁ,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
atthaṁ hitvā piyaggāhī    pihetattānuyoginaṁ.

Malavarggaḥ
Malavaggo