20: Māgga
Maggavaggo

 

[358 ≈ Dhp 273]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
māggānaṣṭaṁgiko This compound = māggānāṁ aṣṭaṁgiko (of paths [gen.] the eightfold [is best]).01 śreṣṭho    saccānāṁ caturo padā |

⏑−−−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
virāgo śreṣṭho dhammāṇāṁ    dupadānāṁ ca cakkhumā This verse also opens the Pāḷi Maggavaggo.02 ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
maggānaṭṭhaṅgiko seṭṭho    saccānaṁ caturo padā,

⏑−−−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
virāgo seṭṭho dhammānaṁ    dipadānañ ca cakkhumā.

 

[359 ≈ Dhp 275cd and 276]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ākkhāto vo mayā māggo    aṁñāye śallasaṁsano |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tubbhehi kiccam ātappaṁ    akkhātāro tathāgatā |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
paṭipannā pramokkhanti    jhāyino mārabaṁdhanā ||

 

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
etaṁ hi tumhe paṭipannā    dukkhassantaṁ karissatha,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑−
akkhāto ve mayā maggo    aññāya sallasanthanaṁ.

————

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
tumhehi kiccaṁ ātappaṁ    akkhātāro tathāgatā,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
paṭipannā pamokkhanti    jhāyino mārabandhanā.

 

[360 ≈ Dhp 274 and 275ab]

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
eseva māggo nāstaṁ 'ño Read: nāstaṁño, scribal error.03    daṁśanassa viśuddhiye |

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ māggaṁ paṭipajjahvo    mārasse 'sā pramohanī |

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑−−¦¦−−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−   9 syllables
etāhi tubbhe paṭipannā    dukkhassa antaṁ kariṣyatha This line has 9 syllables, it can be corrected by reading dukkhassāntaṁ, cf. the Pāḷi verse.04 ||

 

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
eso va maggo natthañño    dassanassa visuddhiyā,

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    irregular (10 syllables)
etaṁ hi tumhe paṭipajjatha    mārassetaṁ pamohanaṁ.

————

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
etaṁ hi tumhe paṭipannā    dukkhassantaṁ karissatha,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑−
akkhāto ve mayā maggo    aññāya sallasanthanaṁ.

 

[361 ≈ Dhp 283]

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
vanaṁ chindatha mā rukkhe    vanāto jāyate bhayaṁ |

−−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
chettā vanañ ca vanadhañ ca    nibbanena gamiśśatha ||

 

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
vanaṁ chindatha mā rukkhaṁ    vanato jāyatī bhayaṁ,

−−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
chetvā vanañ ca vanathañ ca    nibbanā hotha bhikkhavo.

 

[362 ≈ Dhp 284]

−⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vaitālīya x 4
yāvatā vanadho na cchijjati I count cch- as not making position here to give the normal cadence. The opening of this line has one mattā too many, we would need to read yăvatā to correct the metre.05    aṇumātto pi narassa ñātisu |

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
paṭibaddhamano hi tattha so    vaccho cchīravako va mātari This and the next 4 verses appear in the same sequence in the Pāḷi Maggavaggo.06 ||

 

−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vetālīya x 4
yāva hi vanatho na chijjati    aṇumatto pi narassa nārisu

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
paṭibaddhamano va tāva so vaccho khīrapako va mātari.

 

[363 ≈ Dhp 285]

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vaitālīya x 4
ucchinna sineham āttano    kumudaṁ śāradikaṁ va pāṇinā |

−⏑−⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
śāntimāggam eva byūhaya I count by- as not making position here to give the normal cadence.07    nibbāṇaṁ sugatena deśitaṁ ||

 

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Vetālīya x 4
ucchinda sineham attano kumudaṁ sāradikaṁ va pāṇinā

−⏑−⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
santimaggam eva brūhaya    nibbānaṁ sugatena desitaṁ.

 

[364 ≈ Dhp 286]

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
idaṁ vaśśā kariṣyāmi    idaṁ hemaṁna ghmasu |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
iti bālo viciṁteti    antarāyaṁ na bujjhati ||

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
idha vassaṁ vasissāmi    idha hemantagimhisu,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
iti bālo vicinteti    antarāyaṁ na bujjhati.

 

[365 ≈ Dhp 287]

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ puttapaśusaṁmattaṁ    vyāsattamanasaṁ naraṁ |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
suttaṁ ggrāmaṁ mahogho vā    maccu-r-ādāya gacchati ||

 

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ puttapasusammattaṁ    byāsattamanasaṁ naraṁ,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
suttaṁ gāmaṁ mahogho va    maccu ādāya gacchati.

 

[366 ≈ Dhp 288]

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
na santi puttā ttāṇāya    na pitā no pi bhātaro |

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
antakenā 'dhibhūtassa    nāsti ñātīsu ttāṇatā I count tt- as not making position here to give the normal cadence.08 ||

 

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
na santi puttā tāṇāya    na pitā na pi bandhavā,

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
antakenādhipannassa    natthi ñātisu tāṇatā.

 

[367]

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
krandatām eva ñātīnaṁ    vilapatāṁ cevam ekato |

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
janā antarahīyaṁti    asakāmā jahaṁti naṁ I can find no parallel to this verse in the Pāḷi texts, or in the other parallels.09 ||

 

[368 cf. Dhp 289; for b cf. Aṅg Bk. 8. 5. 9 v.2b]

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
etaṁ vidiya medhāvī    praṁñavā vītamaccharī |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ saggagamanaṁ māggaṁ    niccam eva viśodhaye |

 

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
etam atthavasaṁ ñatvā    paṇḍito sīlasaṁvuto,

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
nibbānagamanaṁ maggaṁ    khippam eva visodhaye.

————

¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
vadaññū vītamaccharā.

 

[369ab ≈ Devatāsaṁyuttaṁ, 5.8 v. 3; cd cf. Dhp 289cd]

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tassā hi paṇḍito poṣo    saṁpaśśaṁ attham āttano |

−−⏑⏑¦[⏑]−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ saggaganaṁ Scribal error, read: saggagamanaṁ.10 māggaṁ    niccam eva viśodhaye ||

 

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tasmā hi paṇḍito poso    sampassaṁ attham attano,

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
yoniso vicine dhammaṁ    evaṁ tattha visujjhati.

————

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
etam atthavasaṁ ñatvā    paṇḍito sīlasaṁvuto,

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
nibbānagamanaṁ maggaṁ    khippam eva visodhaye.

 

[370acd ≈ Aṅg Bk. 8. 5. 9 v.2acd]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śraddho śīlena saṁpanno    praṁñavā susamāhito |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−   9 syllables
niccaṁ māggaṁ viśodheti    sacchayanaṁ sāṁparāyikaṁ This line has 9 syllables, and that there are two light syllables in 2nd and 3rd positions. I do not count those syllables as resolved as that would go against the rule of resolution.11 ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
saddhā sīlena sampannā    vadaññū vītamaccharā,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
niccaṁ maggaṁ visodheti    sotthānaṁ samparāyikaṁ.

 

[371]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śraddho śīlena saṁpanno    praṁñavā susamāhito |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ramate māggam āsevaṁ    ajjhattopasame rato I can find no parallel to this verse in the Pāḷi texts, or in the other parallels, but for line a cf. the last verse.12 ||

 

[372a ≈ Aṅg Bk. 8. 5. 9 v.2a; cd ≈ Dhp 31cd, Appamādavaggo]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śraddho śīlena saṁpaṁno    praṁñāvāgarato sadā |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
saṁyojanam aṇutthūlaṁ    daham aggī va gacchati |

¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
mānamakkhe va pāpake I can find no good parallel to this line in the Pāḷi texts.13 ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
saddhā sīlena sampannā    vadaññū vītamaccharā,

————

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
appamādarato bhikkhu    pamāde bhayadassivā,

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
saṁyojanaṁ aṇuṁthūlaṁ    ḍahaṁ aggīva gacchati.

 

[373 ≈ Dhp 277]

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
aniccā sabbasaṁkhārā    yato praṁñāya paśśati |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nivvaṇḍate dukkhā    esa māggo viśuddhiye ||

 

−−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sabbe saṅkhārā aniccā ti    yadā paññāya passati,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nibbindatī dukkhe    esa maggo visuddhiyā.

 

[374 ≈ Dhp 279]

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sabbadhaṁmā anāttā ti    yato praṁñāya paśśati |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nivvaṇḍate dukkhā    esa māggo viśuddhiye ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sabbe dhammā anattā ti    yadā paññāya passati,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nibbindatī dukkhe    esa maggo visuddhiyā.

 

[375 ≈ Dhp 282]

−−⏑−¦−,−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
yogā hi bhūrī saṁbhavati We no doubt need to read saṁbhoti here, see the Description of the Metres of the Udānavarga elsewhere on this website.14    ayogā bhūrisaṁkhayo |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
etaṁ jethāpathaṁ ñāttā    bhavāya vibhavāya ca |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tathā śiccheya -ă is m.c. to give the pathyā cadence.15 medhāvī    yathā bhūrī pravaddhati ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
yogā ve jāyatī bhūri    ayogā bhūrisaṅkhayo,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
etaṁ dvedhāpathaṁ ñatvā    bhavāya vibhavāya ca,

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
tathattānaṁ niveseyya    yathā bhūri pavaḍḍhati.

Māggavarggaḥ
Maggavaggo