Mahāparinibbānasuttaṁ (DN 16)

[Tatiyabhāṇavāraṁ]

[26: Sattatiṁsa Bodhipakkhiyadhammā]

Āyām' Ānanda yena Mahāvanaṁ Thai adds a second yena, here and below.01 Kūṭāgārasālā tenupasaṅkamissāmā.” ti [445]

“Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmatā Ānandena saddhiṁ yena Mahāvanaṁ Kūṭāgārasālā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṁ Ānandaṁ āmantesi: [446]

“Gaccha tvaṁ Ānanda yāvatikā bhikkhū Vesāliṁ upanissāya viharanti te sabbe Upaṭṭhānasālāyaṁ sannipātehī” ti. [447]

“Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭissutvā, Thai: paṭissuṇitvā, alternate form of the absolutive.02 yāvatikā bhikkhū Vesāliṁ upanissāya viharanti, te sabbe upaṭṭhānasālāyaṁ sannipātetvā, yena Bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā, ekam-antaṁ aṭṭhāsi. Ekam-antaṁ ṭhito kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: [448]

“Sannipatito Bhante Bhikkhusaṅgho yassa dāni Bhante Bhagavā kālaṁ maññatī.” ti Atha kho Bhagavā yena upaṭṭhānasālā BJT: upaṭṭhānasalā, printing error; ChS: yenupaṭṭhānasālā, sandhi form.03 tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [449]

“Tasmātiha bhikkhave ye te PTS: vo.04 mayā Dhammā abhiññāya BJT, ChS, Thai: abhiññā, here and below, but the instrumental is needed.05 desitā, te vo sādhukaṁ uggahetvā, āsevitabbā bhāvetabbā bahulīkātabbā, yathayidaṁ Brahmacariyaṁ addhaniyaṁ assa, ciraṭṭhitikaṁ, tad-assa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya, atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṁ. [450]

Katame ca te bhikkhave Dhammā mayā abhiññāya desitā, ye vo Thai: te.06 sādhukaṁ uggahetvā āsevitabbā bhāvetabbā bahulīkātabbā, yathayidaṁ brahmacariyaṁ addhaniyaṁ assa ciraṭṭhitikaṁ, tad-assa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya, atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṁ? Seyyathīdaṁ: [451]

Cattāro Satipaṭṭhānā,
Cattāro Sammappadhānā,
Cattāro Iddhipādā,
Pañcindriyāni,
Pañca Balāni,
Satta Bojjhaṅgā,
Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo. [452]

Ime kho te BJT, PTS omit te.07 bhikkhave Dhammā mayā abhiññāya desitā, te ChS: ye.08 vo sādhukaṁ uggahetvā āsevitabbā bhāvetabbā BJT omits bhāvetabbā, printing error.09 bahulīkātabbā, yathayidaṁ brahmacariyaṁ addhaniyaṁ assa ciraṭṭhitikaṁ, tad-assa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya, atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānan.”-ti Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [453]

“Handadāni bhikkhave āmantayāmi vo vayadhammā saṅkhārā, appamādena sampādetha! Na ciraṁ Tathāgatassa Parinibbānaṁ bhavissati, ito tiṇṇaṁ māsānaṁ accayena Tathāgato parinibbāyissatī.” ti [454]

Idam-avoca Bhagavā idaṁ vatvā Sugato athāparaṁ etad-avoca Satthā: [455]

[⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
[“Daharā pi ca ye vuḍḍhā ye bālā ye ca paṇḍitā,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
Aḍḍhā ceva daḷiddā ca - sabbe maccuparāyanā. [456]

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
Yathā pi kumbhakārassa kataṁ mattikabhājanaṁ

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−   irregular posterior opening
Khuddakañ-ca mahantañ-ca yañ-ca pakkaṁ yañ-ca āmakaṁ

−−−⏑¦⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−   savipulā
Sabbaṁ bhedapariyantaṁ evaṁ maccāna' jīvitaṁ.” [457]

Athāparaṁ etad-avoca Satthā:] [458]

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
“Paripakko vayo mayhaṁ parittaṁ mama jīvitaṁ,

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
Pahāya vo gamissāmi kataṁ me saraṇam-attano. [459]

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
Appamattā satīmanto BJT: satimanto, -i- is regularly lenghtened to improve the metre in Pāḷi.10 susīlā hotha bhikkhavo,

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
Susamāhitasaṅkappā sacittam-anurakkhatha. [460]

−⏑−−¦−⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− There are nine syllables in the prior line. We might count resolution in the first half at -vina-, giving ravipulā.11
Yo imasmiṁ Dhammavinaye appamatto vihassati, Thai: viharissati, alternate form of the future, but one which spoils the metre.12

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
Pahāya jātisaṁsāraṁ dukkhassantaṁ karissatī.” ti [461]

Tatiyabhāṇavāraṁ. BJT: -bhāṇavāro here only; ChS: Tatiyo Bhāṇavāro; PTS Tatiyaka-Bhāṇavāraṁ Niṭṭhitaṁ.13