Mahāparinibbānasuttaṁ (DN 16)

[Catutthabhāṇavāraṁ]

[27: Cattāro Ariyadhammā]

Atha kho Bhagavā pubbaṇhasamayaṁ BJT: pubbanha-, printing error.01 nivāsetvā, pattacīvaram-ādāya Vesāliṁ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Vesāliyaṁ piṇḍāya caritvā, pacchābhattaṁ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto, ChS: piṇḍapātappaṭikkanto, showing gemination.02 nāgāpalokitaṁ Thai: nāgāvalokitaṁ, another form of the same word.03 Vesāliṁ apaloketvā, āyasmantaṁ Ānandaṁ āmantesi: [462]

“Idaṁ pacchimakaṁ Ānanda Tathāgatassa Vesāliyā dassanaṁ PTS: Vesāli-dassanaṁ, compound form of the words in the text.04 bhavissati. Āyām' Ānanda yena Bhaṇḍagāmo tenupasaṅkamissāmā.” ti [463]

“Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā Bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṁ yena Bhaṇḍagāmo tad-avasari. Tatra sudaṁ Bhagavā Bhaṇḍagāme viharati. Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [464]

“Catunnaṁ, bhikkhave, dhammānaṁ ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam-idaṁ dīgham-addhānaṁ sandhāvitaṁ saṁsaritaṁ mamañ-ceva tumhākañ-ca. [465]

Katamesaṁ catunnaṁ? [466]

  1. Ariyassa, bhikkhave, Sīlassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam-idaṁ dīgham-addhānaṁ sandhāvitaṁ saṁsaritaṁ mamañ-ceva tumhākañ-ca. [467]

  2. Ariyassa, bhikkhave, Samādhissa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam-idaṁ dīgham-addhānaṁ sandhāvitaṁ saṁsaritaṁ mamañ-ceva tumhākañ-ca. [468]

  3. Ariyāya, bhikkhave, Paññāya ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam-idaṁ dīgham-addhānaṁ sandhāvitaṁ saṁsaritaṁ mamañ-ceva tumhākañ-ca. [469]

  4. Ariyāya, bhikkhave, Vimuttiyā ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam-idaṁ dīgham-addhānaṁ sandhāvitaṁ saṁsaritaṁ mamañ-ceva tumhākañ-ca. [470]

Ta-y-idaṁ, bhikkhave, Ariyaṁ Sīlaṁ anubuddhaṁ paṭividdhaṁ, Ariyo Samādhi anubuddho paṭividdho, Ariyā Paññā anubuddhā paṭividdhā, Ariyā Vimutti anubuddhā paṭividdhā, Ucchinnā bhavataṇhā khīṇā bhavanetti natthi dāni punabbhavo.” ti [471]

Idam-avoca Bhagavā idaṁ vatvā Sugato athāparaṁ etad-avoca Satthā: [472]

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
“Sīlaṁ Samādhi Paññā ca Vimutti ca anuttarā,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
Anubuddhā ime dhammā Gotamena yasassinā, [473]

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−⏑¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
Iti Buddho abhiññāya Dhammam-akkhāsi Thai: akkhāti, present tense instead of the aorist.05 bhikkhunaṁ

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Dukkhassantaṅkaro Satthā Cakkhumā parinibbuto.” ti [474]

Tatra pi BJT: Tatrāpi.06 sudaṁ Bhagavā Bhaṇḍagāme viharanto, etad-eva bahulaṁ bhikkhūnaṁ Dhammiṁ kathaṁ karoti: [475]

“Iti sīlaṁ, iti samādhi, iti paññā, sīlaparibhāvito samādhi mahapphalo hoti mahānisaṁso, samādhiparibhāvitā paññā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṁsā, Paññāparibhāvitaṁ cittaṁ sammad-eva āsavehi vimuccati, seyyathīdaṁ: kāmāsavā bhavāsavā avijjāsavā.” ti [476]