Mahāparinibbānasuttaṁ (DN 16)

[Catutthabhāṇavāraṁ]

[28: Cattāro Mahāpadesā] cf. Mahāpadesasuttaṁ (AN Bk. 4:180).01

Atha kho Bhagavā Bhaṇḍagāme yathābhirantaṁ viharitvā, āyasmantaṁ Ānandaṁ āmantesi: [477]

“Āyām' Ānanda yena Hatthigāmo, yena Thai, PTS omit this yena and the next one; PTS marks ellipsis.02 Ambagāmo, yena Jambugāmo, yena Bhoganagaraṁ tenupasaṅkamissāmā.” ti [478]

“Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṁ yena Bhoganagaraṁ tad-avasari. Tatra sudaṁ Bhagavā Bhoganagare viharati Ānande Cetiye. Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [479]

“Cattārome bhikkhave Mahāpadese desessāmi, taṁ suṇātha sādhukaṁ manasikarotha bhāsissāmī.” ti [480]

“Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṁ, Bhagavā etad-avoca: [481]

  1. “Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṁ vadeyya: ‘Sammukhā metaṁ āvuso Bhagavato sutaṁ, sammukhā paṭiggahitaṁ: [482]

    “Ayaṁ Dhammo ayaṁ Vinayo idaṁ Satthu Sāsanan” ’-ti . [483]

    Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṁ neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ. ChS, Thai: nappaṭikkositabbaṁ; BJT: na paṭikkositabbaṁ, here but napp- below.03 Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṁ uggahetvā, Sutte osāretabbāni BJT, PTS: otāretabbāni, and similarly throughout. The (ChS) Commentary gives these laconic definitions: “Sutte osāretabbānī” ti sutte otāretabbāni. “Vinaye sandassetabbānī” ti vinaye saṁsandetabbāni. This reading rules out taking otāretabbāni in the text. Without taking this interpretation into account the natural meaning would be admitted into the Discourses, instructed in the Discipline. As it is hard to make sense of this in the context, I follow the Commentary.04 Vinaye sandassetabbāni. [484]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni, na ceva Sutte osaranti na ca PTS omits ca.05 Vinaye sandissanti, niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ na ceva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, imassa ca bhikkhuno duggahitan’-ti iti hetaṁ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha. [485]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni, Sutte ceva osaranti Vinaye ca Thai: Sutte ce osaranti vinaye ce.06 sandissanti, niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, imassa ca bhikkhuno suggahitan’-ti Thai: sugahitan-ti; PTS: suggahītaṁ, here and below.07 Idaṁ bhikkhave paṭhamaṁ Mahāpadesaṁ dhāreyyātha. [486]

  2. Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṁ vadeyya: ‘Amukasmiṁ nāma āvāse Saṅgho viharati sathero PTS: satthero, showing gemination.08 sapāmokkho, tassa me Saṅghassa sammukhā sutaṁ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṁ: [487]

    “Ayaṁ Dhammo ayaṁ Vinayo idaṁ Satthu Sāsanan-” ’ti . [488]

    Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṁ neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṁ uggahetvā, Sutte osāretabbāni Vinaye sandassetabbāni. [489]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni, na ceva Sutte osaranti na ca Vinaye sandissanti, niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ na ceva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, tassa ca Saṅghassa Thai, ChS: Bhikkhusaṅghassa.09 duggahitan’-ti iti hetaṁ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha. [490]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni, BJT: sandassīyamānāni, BJT wavers in its readings from here between -ssiya- and -ssīya-.10 Sutte ceva osaranti Vinaye ca Thai: Sutte ce osaranti vinaye ca, inconsistently with its reading above.11 sandissanti, Niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, tassa ca Saṅghassa suggahitan.’-ti Idaṁ bhikkhave dutiyaṁ Mahāpadesaṁ dhāreyyātha. [491]

  3. Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṁ vadeyya: ‘Amukasmiṁ nāma āvāse sambahulā therā bhikkhū viharanti, bahussutā āgatāgamā Dhammadharā Vinayadharā Mātikādharā tesaṁ me therānaṁ sammukhā sutaṁ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṁ: [492]

    “Ayaṁ Dhammo ayaṁ Vinayo idaṁ Satthu Sāsanan-” ' ti. [493]

    Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṁ neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṁ uggahetvā, Sutte osāretabbāni Vinaye sandassetabbāni. [494]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni, na ceva Sutte osaranti na ca Vinaye sandissanti, niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ na ceva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, tesañ-ca therānaṁ duggahitan’-ti iti hetaṁ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha. PTS: chaḍḍeyātha here only, eslewhere -yy-, printing error.12 [495]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni Sutte ceva osaranti Vinaye ca Thai omits ca here, by mistake.13 sandissanti, Niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, tesañ-ca therānaṁ suggahitan.’-ti Idaṁ bhikkhave tatiyaṁ mahāpadesaṁ dhāreyyātha. [496]

  4. Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṁ vadeyya: ‘Amukasmiṁ nāma āvāse eko Thai omits eko.14 thero bhikkhu viharati, bahussuto āgatāgamo Dhammadharo Vinayadharo Mātikādharo, tassa me therassa sammukhā sutaṁ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṁ: [497]

    “Ayaṁ Dhammo ayaṁ Vinayo idaṁ Satthu Sāsanan.-” ’ti [498]

    Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṁ neva abhinanditabbaṁ na paṭikkositabbaṁ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni BJT: -byañjanānī, printing error.15 sādhukaṁ uggahetvā, Sutte osāretabbāni Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Thai: sandassitabbāni.16 [499]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni BJT: sandassīyamānāni, printing error.17 na ceva Sutte osaranti na ca Vinaye sandissanti, niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ na ceva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, tassa ca therassa duggahitan’-ti iti hetaṁ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha. [500]

    Tāni ce Sutte osāriyamānāni Vinaye sandassiyamānāni, Sutte ceva osaranti Vinaye ca sandissanti, niṭṭham-ettha gantabbaṁ: ‘Addhā idaṁ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṁ, tassa ca therassa suggahitan.’-ti Idaṁ bhikkhave catutthaṁ Mahāpadesaṁ dhāreyyātha. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro mahāpadese dhāreyyāthā.” ti [501]

Tatra pi sudaṁ Bhagavā Bhoganagare viharanto Thai: viharati here, viharanto elsewhere.18 Ānande Cetiye, etad-eva bahulaṁ bhikkhūnaṁ Dhammiṁ kathaṁ karoti: [502]

“Iti sīlaṁ, iti samādhi, iti paññā, sīlaparibhāvito samādhi mahapphalo hoti mahānisaṁso, samādhiparibhāvitā paññā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṁsā, Paññāparibhāvitaṁ cittaṁ sammad-eva āsavehi vimuccati, seyyathīdaṁ: kāmāsavā bhavāsavā avijjāsavā.” ti [503]