Mahāparinibbānasuttaṁ (DN 16)

[Pañcamabhāṇavāraṁ]

[36: Ānandassa Acchariyadhammā]

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando vihāraṁ pavisitvā, kapisīsaṁ ālambitvā rodamāno aṭṭhāsi: [651]

“Ahañ-ca vatamhi sekho Thai: sekkho, here and below, alternate form of the word.01 sakaraṇīyo Satthu ca me Parinibbānaṁ bhavissati, yo mama anukampako!” ti PTS: mamāṁ, printing error; BJT: mamaṁ ānukampako ti; alternate form of the genitive.02 Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [652]

“Kahaṁ nu kho bhikkhave Ānando?” ti [653]

“Eso Bhante āyasmā Ānando vihāraṁ pavisitvā, kapisīsaṁ ālambitvā rodamāno ṭhito: ‘Ahañ-ca vatamhi sekho sakaraṇīyo Satthu ca me Parinibbānaṁ bhavissati, yo mama anukampako!’ ” ti Atha kho Bhagavā aññataraṁ bhikkhuṁ āmantesi: [654]

“Ehi tvaṁ bhikkhu mama vacanena Ānandaṁ āmantehi: ‘Satthā taṁ āvuso Ānanda āmantetī’.” ti “Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho so bhikkhu Bhagavato paṭissutvā, yenāyasmā Ānando tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṁ Ānandaṁ etad-avoca: [655]

“Satthā taṁ āvuso Ānanda āmantetī.” ti [656]

“Evam-āvuso” ti kho āyasmā Ānando tassa bhikkhuno paṭissutvā, yena Bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdi. Ekam-antaṁ nisinnaṁ kho āyasmantaṁ Ānandaṁ Bhagavā etad-avoca: [657]

“Alaṁ Ānanda mā soci mā paridevi, Na nu etaṁ Ānanda mayā paṭikacceva PTS: paṭigacc' eva.03 akkhātaṁ: ‘Sabbeheva piyehi manāpehi nānābhāvo vinābhāvo aññathābhāvo’? Taṁ kutettha labbhā Ānanda Thai omits Ānanda; PTS: Ānanda labbhā.04 yaṁ taṁ, jātaṁ bhūtaṁ saṅkhataṁ palokadhammaṁ? ‘Taṁ vata Tathāgatassā pi sarīraṁ mā palujjī’ Thai: Taṁ vata mā palujjī.05 ti netaṁ ṭhānaṁ vijjati. [658]

Dīgharattaṁ kho te Ānanda Tathāgato paccupaṭṭhito mettena kāyakammena hitena sukhena advayena appamāṇena, mettena vacīkammena hitena sukhena advayena appamāṇena, mettena manokammena hitena sukhena advayena appamāṇena, katapuññosi tvaṁ Ānanda padhānam-anuyuñja khippaṁ hohisi Thai: hohi pi.06 anāsavo!” ti Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [659]

“Ye pi te bhikkhave ahesuṁ atītam-addhānaṁ Arahanto Sammāsambuddhā tesam-pi Bhagavantānaṁ etaparamā yeva ChS: etapparamāyeva, here and below.07 upaṭṭhākā ahesuṁ seyyathā pi mayhaṁ Ānando; ye pi te bhikkhave bhavissanti anāgatam-addhānaṁ Arahanto Sammāsambuddhā tesam-pi Bhagavantānaṁ etaparamā yeva upaṭṭhākā bhavissanti seyyathā pi mayhaṁ Ānando. [660]

Paṇḍito bhikkhave Ānando, medhāvī bhikkhave Ānando jānāti: Thai: Paṇḍito bhikkhave Ānando jānāti; PTS: Paṇḍito kho bhikkhave Ānando jānāti.08 ‘Ayaṁ kālo Tathāgataṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṁ bhikkhūnaṁ, Thai: ayaṁ kālo bhikkhūnaṁ.09 ayaṁ kālo bhikkhunīnaṁ, ayaṁ kālo upāsakānaṁ, ayaṁ kālo upāsikānaṁ, ayaṁ kālo rañño, rājamahāmattānaṁ, titthiyānaṁ, titthiyasāvakānan’-ti Thai: ayaṁ kālo titthiyānaṁ, ayaṁ kālo titthiyasāvakānan’-ti.10 Cattārome bhikkhave acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Thai: abbhutadhammā, here and below; compound form.11 Ānande. cf. Ānanda-acchariyasuttaṁ (Aṅg. 4.129).12 [661]

Katame cattāro? [662]

  1. Sace bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā hoti atha BJT, ChS add kho, here and below.13 Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [663]

  2. Sace bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā hoti atha Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [664]

  3. Sace bhikkhave upāsakaparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave upāsakaparisā hoti atha Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [665]

  4. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutadhammā Ānande. PTS omits this line.14 Cattārome bhikkhave acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Raññe Cakkavattimhi. cf. Cakkavatti-acchariyasuttaṁ (Aṅg. 4.130).15 [666]

Sace bhikkhave upāsikāparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati BJT reads: Sace bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā, upāsakaparisā, upāsikāparisa Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati; i.e. without marking ellipsis.16 dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave upāsikāparisā hoti atha Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [667]

Katame cattāro? Thai, PTS omit Katame cattāro, which is normally a linking phrase found in these positions.17 [668]

  1. Sace bhikkhave Khattiyaparisā Rājānaṁ Cakkavattiṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Rājā Cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave Khattiyaparisā hoti atha BJT, ChS omit kho, here and below.18 Rājā Cakkavattī tuṇhī hoti. [669]

  2. Sace bhikkhave brāhmaṇaparisā Rājānaṁ Cakkavattiṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Rājā Cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave brāhmaṇaparisā hoti atha Rājā Cakkavattī tuṇhī hoti. [670]

  3. Sace bhikkhave gahapatiparisā Rājānaṁ Cakkavattiṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Rājā Cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave gahapatiparisā hoti atha Rājā Cakkavattī tuṇhī hoti. [671]

  4. Sace bhikkhave samaṇaparisā Rājānaṁ Cakkavattiṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati BJT reads: Sace bhikkhave brāhmaṇaparisā, brāhmaṇaparisā, gahapatiparisā, samaṇaparisā Rājānaṁ Cakkavattiṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati; again without marking ellipsis.19 dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Rājā Cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave samaṇaparisā hoti atha Rājā Cakkavattī tuṇhī hoti. Thai adds ti.20 [672]

Evam-eva kho bhikkhave cattāro BJT, ChS: cattārome.21 acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Ānande. Thai: Ānanda, by mistake.22

  1. Sace bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā hoti atha Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [673]

  2. Sace bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā hoti atha Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [674]

  3. Sace bhikkhave upāsakaparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave upāsakaparisā hoti atha Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [675]

  4. Sace bhikkhave upāsikāparisā Ānandaṁ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti, tatra ce Ānando dhammaṁ bhāsati, bhāsitena pi sā attamanā hoti, atittā va bhikkhave upāsikāparisā hoti atha Thai has kho, here only.23 Ānando tuṇhī hoti. [676]

Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Ānande.” ti [677]