Dhammānupassanā

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Catusaccapabbaṁ

Puna ca paraṁ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, Catusu ChS: catūsu, and below.31 Ariyasaccesu.

Kathañ-ca, BJT, ChS add pana.32 bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, Catusu Ariyasaccesu?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu “idaṁ Dukkhan”-ti yathābhūtaṁ pajānāti,

“ayaṁ Dukkhasamudayo” ti yathābhūtaṁ pajānāti,

“ayaṁ Dukkhanirodho” ti yathābhūtaṁ ChS: yatha-, printer's error.33 pajānāti,

“ayaṁ Dukkhanirodhagāminī Paṭipadā” ti yathābhūtaṁ pajānāti.

 

Dukkhasaccaṁ

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, Dukkhaṁ Ariyasaccaṁ?

Jāti pi dukkhā
jarā pi dukkhā ChS, PTS: have the line vyādhi pi dukkhā in brackets at this point.34
maraṇam-pi ONLY: maraṇaṁ 'pi (sic).35 dukkhaṁ
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā pi dukkhā,
appiyehi sampayogo dukkho,
piyehi vippayogo dukkho, ONLY: appiyehi sampayogo pi dukkho, piyehi vippayogo pi dukkho. PTS omits these two lines, saying they might be an addition from Dhammacakkappavattanasuttaṁ, but is then forced to omit the explanation of these lines which occurs later also. But the explanation does not occur in the first discourse, or anywhere else in the early texts except in this discourse and its Majjhima parallel, so that it seems that if they are genuine they must belong here.36
yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ
saṅkhittena pañcūpādānakkhandhā BJT, ChS: -upādāna-. BJT includes pi here, which is out of place, as this line is not additional to the others, but a summary of them.37 dukkhā.

 

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, jāti?

Yā tesaṁ tesaṁ sattānaṁ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jāti, sañjāti, okkanti, abhinibbatti; ONLY: nibbatti, abhinibbatti.38 khandhānaṁ pātubhāvo, āyatanānaṁ paṭilābho:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, jāti.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, jarā?

Yā tesaṁ tesaṁ sattānaṁ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jarā, jīraṇatā, khaṇḍiccaṁ, pāliccaṁ, valittacatā; āyuno saṁhāni, indriyānaṁ paripāko:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, jarā.

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, maraṇaṁ?

Yaṁ ONLY: .39 tesaṁ tesaṁ sattānaṁ tamhā tamhā sattanikāyā cuti, cavanatā, bhedo, antaradhānaṁ, maccu, maraṇaṁ, kālakiriyā; khandhānaṁ bhedo, kaḷebarassa nikkhepo; jīvitindriyassupacchedo: ONLY: kalebarassa nikkhepo, jīvitindriyassa upacchedo. PTS omits.40

idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, maraṇaṁ.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, soko?

Yo kho, bhikkhave, aññataraññatarena byasanena PTS, ONLY: vyasanena, and so throughout.41 samannāgatassa, aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa, soko, socanā, socitattaṁ, antosoko, antoparisoko:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, soko.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, paridevo?

Yo kho, bhikkhave, aññataraññatarena byasanena samannāgatassa, aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa, ādevo, paridevo, ādevanā, paridevanā, ādevitattaṁ, paridevitattaṁ:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, paridevo.

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, dukkhaṁ?

Yaṁ kho, bhikkhave, kāyikaṁ dukkhaṁ, kāyikaṁ asātaṁ, kāyasamphassajaṁ dukkhaṁ, asātaṁ vedayitaṁ:

idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhaṁ.

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, domanassaṁ?

Yaṁ kho, bhikkhave, cetasikaṁ dukkhaṁ, cetasikaṁ asātaṁ, manosamphassajaṁ dukkhaṁ, asātaṁ vedayitaṁ:

idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, domanassaṁ.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, upāyāso?

Yo kho, bhikkhave, aññataraññatarena byasanena samannāgatassa, aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa, āyāso, upāyāso, āyāsitattaṁ, upāyāsitattaṁ:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, upāyāso.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho? PTS omits this and the next section.42

Idha ONLY adds bhikkhave here and in the next section, but it is not translated, so it maybe by mistake.43 yassa te honti aniṭṭhā akantā amanāpā rūpā saddā gandhā rasā phoṭṭhabbā dhammā; ye vā panassa te honti anatthakāmā ahitakāmā aphāsukakāmā ONLY: aphāsukāmā, here and below.44 ayogakkhemakāmā - yā tehi saddhiṁ saṅgati samāgamo samodhānaṁ missībhāvo:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, piyehi vippayogo dukkho?

Idha yassa te honti iṭṭhā kantā manāpā rūpā saddā gandhā rasā phoṭṭhabbā dhammā; ye vā panassa te honti atthakāmā hitakāmā phāsukakāmā yogakkhemakāmā - mātā vā pitā vā bhātā vā bhaginī vā, BJT: bhagini; BJT then adds jeṭṭhā elders vā kaniṭṭhā juniors vā here, which would seem to be an addition.45 mittā vā amaccā vā ñātisālohitā vā - yā tehi saddhiṁ asaṅgati asamāgamo asamodhānaṁ amissībhāvo:

ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, piyehi vippayogo dukkho.

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ?

Jātidhammānaṁ, bhikkhave, sattānaṁ evaṁ icchā uppajjati: “Aho vata mayaṁ na jātidhammā assāma, na ca vata no jāti āgaccheyyā!” ti Na kho panetaṁ icchāya pattabbaṁ:

idam-pi yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ.

Jarādhammānaṁ, bhikkhave, sattānaṁ From here onwards PTS greatly abbreviates the text, reading jarādhammānaṁ, bhikkhave, sattānaṁ . . . vyādhidhammānaṁ, bhikkhave, sattānaṁ . . . maraṇadhammānaṁ, bhikkhave, sattānaṁ . . . before taking it up again in full.46 evaṁ icchā uppajjati: “Aho vata mayaṁ na jarādhammā assāma, na ca vata no jarā āgaccheyyā!” ti Na kho panetaṁ icchāya pattabbaṁ:

idam-pi yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ.

Byādhidhammānaṁ, PTS, ONLY: Vyādhi-, and so throughout.47 bhikkhave, sattānaṁ evaṁ icchā uppajjati: “Aho vata mayaṁ na byādhidhammā assāma, na ca vata no byādhi ONLY: vyādhī, printer's error.48 āgaccheyyā!” ti Na kho panetaṁ icchāya pattabbaṁ:

idam-pi yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ.

Maraṇadhammānaṁ, bhikkhave, sattānaṁ evaṁ icchā uppajjati:

“Aho vata mayaṁ na maraṇadhammā assāma, na ca vata no maraṇaṁ āgaccheyyā!” ti Na kho panetaṁ icchāya pattabbaṁ:

idam-pi yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ.

Sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammānaṁ bhikkhave sattānaṁ evaṁ icchā uppajjati: “Aho vata mayaṁ na sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammā PTS: -domanassa-upāyāsa-, and so below, but before it read -domanass-upāyāsa-.49 assāma, na ca vata no sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā āgaccheyyun!” ChS: -upāyāsadhammānaṁ āgaccheyyuṁ' ti, by mistake; ONLY: -upāyasā āgaccheyyan'ti. BJT spells out each of the component parts separately, reading: Sokadhammānaṁ bhikkhave sattānaṁ evaṁ icchā uppajjati: “Aho vata mayaṁ na sokadhammā assāma, na ca vata no sokadhammānaṁ āgaccheyyā!” ti and so on with parideva and the others. 50 ti Na kho panetaṁ icchāya pattabbaṁ:

idam-pi yam-picchaṁ na labhati tam-pi dukkhaṁ.

Katame ca, bhikkhave, saṅkhittena pañcūpādānakkhandhā BJT, PTS, ChS: -upādāna-, and again below.51 dukkhā?

Seyyathīdaṁ: ChS: Seyyathidaṁ, and so in similar places throughout, further cases will not be noted.52

rūpūpādānakkhandho ChS: rūpupādāna-, short -u- here and in the other compounds below.53
vedanūpādānakkhandho
saññūpādānakkhandho
saṅkhārūpādānakkhandho
viññāṇūpādānakkhandho.

Ime vuccanti, bhikkhave, saṅkhittena pañcūpādānakkhandhā BJT includes pi here.54 dukkhā.

Idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, Dukkhaṁ Ariyasaccaṁ.

 

Samudayasaccaṁ

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, Dukkhasamudayaṁ BJT: Dukkhasamudayo.55 Ariyasaccaṁ?

Yā yaṁ taṇhā ponobhavikā, nandirāgasahagatā, tatratatrābhinandinī, ONLY: tattratattrābhinandinī, a modern Sanskritisation.56 seyyathīdaṁ: ChS: ponobbhavikā nandīrāgasahagatā ... seyyathidaṁ. 57

kāmataṇhā
bhavataṇhā
vibhavataṇhā.

Sā kho panesā, bhikkhave, taṇhā kattha uppajjamānā uppajjati? Kattha nivisamānā nivisati?

Yaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Kiñ-ca PTS: Kiñci.58 loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ? ONLY adds: etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati, at this point. BJT greatly abbreviates what follows in the samudaysaccaṁ and nirodhasaccaṁ sections.59

 

Cakkhuṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Sotaṁ ChS: Saotaṁ, printer's error. From here on PTS greatly abbreviates: Sotaṁ loke . . . pe . . . Ghānaṁ loke . . . etc.60 loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Ghānaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Jivhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Kāyo loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Mano loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Rūpā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Saddā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Gandhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rasā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Phoṭṭhabbā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Dhammā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Cakkhuviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Sotaviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Ghānaviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Jivhāviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Kāyaviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Manoviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Cakkhusamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Sotasamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Ghānasamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Jivhāsamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Kāyasamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Manosamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Cakkhusamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Sotasamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Ghānasamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Jivhāsamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Kāyasamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Manosamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Rūpasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Saddasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Gandhasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rasasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Phoṭṭhabbasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Dhammasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Rūpasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Saddasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Gandhasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rasasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Phoṭṭhabbasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Dhammasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Rūpataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Saddataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Gandhataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rasataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Phoṭṭhabbataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Dhammataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Rūpavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Saddavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Gandhavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rasavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Phoṭṭhabbavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Dhammavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

 

Rūpavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Saddavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Gandhavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rasavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Phoṭṭhabbavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Dhammavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, Dukkhasamudayaṁ BJT: Dukkhasamudayo.61 Ariyasaccaṁ.

 

Nirodhasaccaṁ

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, Dukkhanirodhaṁ BJT: Dukkhanirodho.62 ariyasaccaṁ?

Yo tassā yeva taṇhāya asesavirāganirodho - cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo.

Sā kho panesā, bhikkhave, taṇhā kattha pahīyamānā pahīyati? Kattha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati?

Yaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Kiñ-ca PTS: Kiñci.63 loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ? ONLY: Kiñca loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ? etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati; as at the opening of Samudayasaccaṁ above.64

 

Cakkhuṁ BJT: cakkhu, printer's error.65 loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Sotaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Ghānaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Jivhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Kāyo loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Mano loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Rūpā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Saddā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Gandhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rasā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Phoṭṭhabbā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Dhammā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Cakkhuviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Sotaviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Ghānaviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Jivhāviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Kāyaviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Manoviññāṇaṁ loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Cakkhusamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Sotasamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Ghānasamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Jivhāsamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Kāyasamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Manosamphasso loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Cakkhusamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Sotasamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Ghānasamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Jivhāsamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Kāyasamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Manosamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Rūpasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Saddasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Gandhasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rasasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Phoṭṭhabbasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Dhammasaññā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Rūpasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Saddasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Gandhasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rasasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Phoṭṭhabbasañcetanā BJT omits Phoṭṭhabbasañcetanā, printer's error.66 loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Dhammasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Rūpataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Saddataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Gandhataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rasataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Phoṭṭhabbataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Dhammataṇhā loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Rūpavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Saddavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Gandhavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rasavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Phoṭṭhabbavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Dhammavitakko loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

 

Rūpavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Saddavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Gandhavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rasavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Phoṭṭhabbavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Dhammavicāro loke piyarūpaṁ sātarūpaṁ - etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, Dukkhanirodhaṁ BJT: Dukkhanirodho.67 Ariyasaccaṁ.

 

Maggasaccaṁ ONLY: Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo.68

Katamañ-ca, bhikkhave, Dukkhanirodhagāminī Paṭipadā Ariyasaccaṁ?

Ayam-eva ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, seyyathīdaṁ:

sammādiṭṭhi sammāsaṅkappo sammāvācā sammākammanto sammā-ājīvo sammāvāyāmo sammāsati sammāsamādhi.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi?

Yaṁ kho, bhikkhave, dukkhe ñāṇaṁ
dukkhasamudaye ñāṇaṁ
dukkhanirodhe ñāṇaṁ
dukkhanirodhagāminiyā ONLY: gāmiṇiyā, printer's error.69 paṭipadāya ñāṇaṁ.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāsaṅkappo?

Nekkhammasaṅkappo
abyāpādasaṅkappo PTS, ONLY: avyāpāda-.70
avihiṁsāsaṅkappo.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsaṅkappo.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammāvācā?

Musāvādā veramaṇī
pisuṇāya vācāya ONLY: pisuṇā vācā ... pharusā vācā (sic).71 veramaṇī
pharusāya vācāya veramaṇī
samphappalāpā veramaṇī.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvācā.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammākammanto?

Pāṇātipātā veramaṇī
adinnādānā veramaṇī
kāmesu micchācārā veramaṇī.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammākammanto.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammā-ājīvo?

Idha, bhikkhave, ariyasāvako micchā-ājīvaṁ pahāya, sammā-ājīvena jīvikaṁ ChS: jīvitaṁ.72 kappeti.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammā-ājīvo.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anuppannānaṁ pāpakānaṁ akusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ anuppādāya chandaṁ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṁ ChS: vīriyaṁ, and so throughout.73 ārabhati, cittaṁ paggaṇhāti, ONLY: pagganhāti, printer's error.74 padahati.

Uppannānaṁ pāpakānaṁ akusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ pahānāya chandaṁ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṁ ārabhati, cittaṁ paggaṇhāti, padahati.

Anuppannānaṁ kusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ uppādāya chandaṁ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṁ ārabhati, cittaṁ paggaṇhāti, padahati.

Uppannānaṁ kusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ - ṭhitiyā, asammosāya, bhiyyobhāvāya, vepullāya, bhāvanāya, pāripūriyā chandaṁ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṁ ārabhati, cittaṁ paggaṇhāti, padahati.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammāsati?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ātāpī, sampajāno, satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṁ.

Vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati, ātāpī, sampajāno, satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṁ.

Citte cittānupassī viharati, ātāpī, sampajāno, satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṁ.

Dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ātāpī, sampajāno, satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṁ.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsati.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāsamādhi?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi, vivicca akusalehi dhammehi, savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ, paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ PTS, ONLY: paṭhamajjhānaṁ, and similarly throughout.75 upasampajja viharati.

Vitakkavicārānaṁ vūpasamā ajjhattaṁ sampasādanaṁ, cetaso ekodibhāvaṁ, avitakkaṁ, avicāraṁ, samādhijaṁ pītisukhaṁ, dutiyaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati.

Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca PTS: upekhako, here and below; omits ca.76 viharati, sato ca sampajāno, sukhañ-ca kāyena paṭisaṁvedeti, yan-taṁ Ariyā ācikkhanti: “Upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī” ti, BJT adds taṁ here.77tatiyaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati.

Sukhassa ca pahānā, dukkhassa ca pahānā, pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṁ atthaṅgamā, PTS: atthagamā.78 adukkham-asukhaṁ, upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṁ, PTS: adukkhaṁ asukhaṁ upekhā-.79 catutthaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati.

Ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsamādhi.

Idaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, Dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā Ariyasaccaṁ.

* * *

Iti ajjhattaṁ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, “atthi dhammā” ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā PTS: paccuppaṭṭhitā.80 hoti yāvad-eva ñāṇamattāya patissatimattāya, anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati.

Evam-pi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, Catusu Ariyasaccesu.

Catusaccapabbaṁ Niṭṭhitaṁ

Dhammānupassanā Niṭṭhitā BJT omits both of these end-titles, though clearly they are wanted here.81