Soṇavaggo pañcamo

5-5: Uposathasuttaṁ (45)

1. evaṁ me sutaṁ:
ekaṁ samayaṁ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṁ viharati, pubbārāme migāramātupāsāde. tena kho pana samayena bhagavā tadahuposathe bhikkhusaṅghaparivuto nisinno hoti. atha kho āyasmā ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā nikkhante paṭhame yāme, uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṁsaṁ cīvaraṁ katvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṁ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: “abhikkantā bhante ratti, nikkhanto paṭhamo yāmo, cīranisinno bhikkhusaṅgho, uddisatu bhante bhagavā bhikkhūnaṁ pātimokkhan”-ti. evaṁ vutte, bhagavā tuṇhī ahosi. dutiyam-pi kho āyasmā ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā, nikkhante majjhime yāme, uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṁsaṁ cīvaraṁ katvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṁ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: “abhikkantā bhante ratti, nikkhanto majjhimo yāmo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaṅgho, uddisatu bhante bhagavā bhikkhūnaṁ pātimokkhan”-ti. dutiyam-pi kho bhagavā tuṇhī ahosi. tatiyam-pi kho āyasmā ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā, nikkhante pacchime yāme, uddhaṭe aruṇe, nandimukhiyā rattiyā, uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṁsaṁ cīvaraṁ katvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṁ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: “abhikkantā bhante ratti, nikkhanto pacchimo yāmo, uddhaṭo aruṇo, nandimukhī ratti, ciranisinno bhikkhusaṅgho, uddisatu bhante bhagavā bhikkhūnaṁ pātimokkhan”-ti. “aparisuddhā ānanda parisā” ti.

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2. atha kho āyasmato mahāmoggallānassa etad-ahosi: “kaṁ nu kho bhagavā puggalaṁ sandhāya evam-āha: ‘aparisuddhā ānanda parisā’? ” ti. atha kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno sabbāvantaṁ bhikkhusaṅghaṁ cetasā ceto paricca manasākāsi. addasā kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṁ puggalaṁ dussīlaṁ, pāpadhammaṁ asucisaṅkassarasamācāraṁ paṭicchannakammantaṁ assamaṇaṁ samaṇapaṭiññaṁ abrahmacāriṁ brahmacāripaṭiññaṁ, Editor's note: BJT, brahmacārīpaṭiññaṁ.01 antopūtiṁ avassutaṁ kasambujātaṁ majjhe bhikkhusaṅghassa nisinnaṁ. disvāna, uṭṭhāyāsanā yena so puggalo tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā, taṁ puggalaṁ etad-avoca: “uṭṭhehāvuso diṭṭhosi bhagavatā, natthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiṁ saṁvāso” ti. atha kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi. dutiyam-pi kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṁ puggalaṁ etad-avoca: “uṭṭhehāvuso diṭṭhosi bhagavatā, natthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiṁ saṁvāso” ti. dutiyam-pi kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi. tatiyam-pi kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṁ puggalaṁ etad-avoca: “uṭṭhehāvuso diṭṭhosi bhagavatā, natthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiṁ saṁvāso” ti. tatiyam-pi kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi.

3. atha kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṁ puggalaṁ bāhāyaṁ gahetvā, bahidvārakoṭṭhakā nikkhāmetvā, sūcighaṭikaṁ datvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: “nikkhāmito bhante so puggalo mayā, parisuddhā parisā, uddisatu bhante bhagavā bhikkhūnaṁ pātimokkhan”-ti. “acchariyaṁ moggallāna, abbhutaṁ moggallāna, yāva bāhā gahaṇā pi nāma so moghapuriso āgamessatī” ti.

4. atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “na dānāhaṁ bhikkhave itoparaṁ uposathaṁ karissāmi, pātimokkhaṁ uddisissāmi. tumheva dāni bhikkhave itoparaṁ uposathaṁ kareyyātha, pātimokkhaṁ uddiseyyātha. aṭṭhānam-etaṁ bhikkhave anavakāso, yaṁ tathāgato aparisuddhāya parisāya uposathaṁ kareyya, pātimokkhaṁ uddiseyya.

5. aṭṭhime bhikkhave mahāsamudde acchariyā abbhutā dhammā, ye disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti. katame aṭṭha? BJT note: nadānāhaṁ bhikkhave ajjatagge uposathaṁ karissāmi pātimokkhaṁuddisissāmī-ti - Aṭṭhaṅguttare Pahārādasuttaṁ.02

(1) mahāsamuddo bhikkhave anupubbaninno, anupubbapoṇo, anupubbapabbhāro, nāyatakeneva papāto. yaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo anupubbaninno, anupubbapoṇo, anupubbapabbhāro, nāyatakeneva papāto. ayaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamudde paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

(2) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaṁ nātivattati. yaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaṁ nātivattati. ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

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(3) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saṁvasati, yaṁ hoti mahāsamudde mataṁ kuṇapaṁ taṁ khippañ-ñeva tīraṁ vāheti, BJT note: pāpeti - in some places.03 thalaṁ ussādeti. BJT note: ussāreti - palm leaf book, printed book.04 yaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saṁvasati, yaṁ hoti mahāsamudde mataṁ kuṇapaṁ taṁ khippañ-ñeva tīraṁ vāheti, thalaṁ ussādeti. ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

(4) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathīdaṁ: gaṅgā, yamunā, aciravatī, sarabhū, mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṁ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsamuddo tveva saṅkhaṁ gacchanti. yaṁ bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathīdaṁ: gaṅgā, yamunā, aciravatī, sarabhū, mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṁ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsamuddo tveva saṅkhaṁ gacchanti. ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

(5) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaṁ appenti, yā ca antaḷikkhā dhārā papatanti, na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaṁ vā pūrattaṁ vā paññāyati. yaṁ bhikkhave yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaṁ appenti, yā ca antaḷikkhā dhārā papatanti, na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaṁ vā pūrattaṁ vā paññāyati, ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde pañcamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, BJT note: abbhuto dhammo - palm leaf book. Editor's note: BJT: abbhūtadhammo here, but elsewhere abbhutadhammo.05 yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

(6) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso. yaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso, ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde chaṭṭho acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

(7) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo bahūratano, Editor's note: BJT, bahūratano, but bahuratano elsewhere.06 anekaratano. tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathīdaṁ: muttā, maṇi, veḷuriyo, saṅkho, silā, pavāḷaṁ, rajataṁ, jātarūpaṁ, lohitaṅko, masāragallaṁ. yaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo bahuratano, anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathīdaṁ: muttā, maṇi, veḷuriyo, saṅkho, silā, pavāḷaṁ, rajataṁ, jātarūpaṁ, lohitaṅko, masāragallaṁ, ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde sattamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

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(8) puna caparaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo mahataṁ bhūtānaṁ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā: timi, timiṅgalo, timirapiṅgalo, asurā, nāgā, gandhabbā, santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, dviyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, tiyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, catuyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, pañcayojanasatikā pi attabhāvā. yaṁ bhikkhave mahāsamuddo mahataṁ bhūtānaṁ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā: timi, timiṅgalo, timirapiṅgalo, asurā, nāgā, gandhabbā, santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, dviyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, tiyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, catuyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, pañcayojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, ayam-pi bhikkhave mahāsamudde aṭṭhamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

 ime kho bhikkhave mahāsamudde aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutadhammā, BJT note: abbhutā dhammā - palm leaf book.07 ye disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

6. evam-eva kho bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutadhammā, ye disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. katame aṭṭha?

(1) seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo anupubbaninno, anupubbapoṇo, anupubbapabbhāro, nāyatakeneva papāto, evam-eva kho bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkhā, anupubbakiriyā, anupubbapaṭipadā, nāyatakeneva aññāpaṭivedho. yaṁ bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkhā, anupubbakiriyā, anupubbapaṭipadā, nāyatakeneva aññāpaṭivedho, ayaṁ bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye paṭhamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, BJT note: abbhuto dhammo - palm leaf book; and in similar places below.08 yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

(2) seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahasamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaṁ nātivattati, evam-eva kho bhikkhave yaṁ mayā sāvakānaṁ sikkhāpadaṁ paññattaṁ, taṁ mama sāvakā jīvitahetu pi nātikkamanti. yaṁ bhikkhave mayā sāvakānaṁ sikkhāpadaṁ paññattaṁ taṁ mama sāvakā jīvitahetu pi nātikkamanti. ayam-pi bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye dutiyo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

(3) seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saṁvasati, yaṁ hoti mahāsamudde mataṁ kuṇapaṁ taṁ khippañ-ñeva tīraṁ vāheti, thalaṁ ussādeti, evam-eva kho bhikkhave yo so puggalo dussīlo pāpadhammo, Editor's note: BJT, papadhammo, printer's error, correct elsewhere.09 asucisaṅkassarasamācāro, paṭicchannakammanto, assamaṇo samaṇapaṭiñño, abrahmacārī brahmacāripaṭiñño, Editor's note: BJT, brahmacārīpaṭiññaṁ.10 antopūti avassuto kasambujāto, na tena saṅgho saṁvasati, atha kho naṁ khippañ-ñeva sannipatitvā ukkhipati, [BJT Page 236] kiñcāpi so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaṅghassa nisinno atha kho so ārakāva saṅghamhā saṅgho ca tena. yaṁ bhikkhave yo so puggalo dussīlo, pāpadhammo, asucisaṅkassarasamācāro, paṭicchannakammanto, assamaṇo samaṇapaṭiñño, abrahmacārī brahmacāripaṭiñño, antopūti avassuto kasambujāto, na tena saṅgho saṁvasati. atha kho naṁ khippañ-ñeva sannipatitvā ukkhipati, kiñcāpi so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaṅghassa nisinno atha kho so ārakāva saṅghamhā saṅgho ca tena, ayam-pi bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye tatiyo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

(4) seyyathā pi bhikkhave yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathīdaṁ: gaṅgā, yamunā, aciravatī, sarabhū, mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṁ patvā BJT note: pattā - ChS.11 jahanti pūrimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsamuddo tveva saṅkhaṁ gacchanti, evam-eva kho bhikkhave cattāro me vaṇṇā: khattiyā, brāhmaṇā, vessā, suddā, te tathāgatappavedite dhammavinaye agārasmā anagāriyaṁ pabbajitvā, jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, samaṇā sakyaputtiyā tveva saṅkhaṁ gacchanti. yaṁ bhikkhave cattāro me vaṇṇā: khattiyā, brāhmaṇā, vessā, suddhā, te tathāgatappavedite dhammavinaye agārasmā anagāriyaṁ pabbajitvā, jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, samaṇā sakyaputtiyā tveva saṅkhaṁ gacchanti, ayam-pi bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye catuttho acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

(5) seyyathā pi bhikkhave yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaṁ appenti, yā ca antaḷikkhā dhārā papatanti, na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaṁ vā pūrattaṁ vā paññāyati, evam-eva kho bhikkhave bahū ce pi bhikkhū anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyanti, na tena nibbānadhātuyā ūnattaṁ vā pūrattaṁ vā paññāyati. yaṁ bhikkhave bahū ce pi bhikkhū, anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyanti, na tena nibbānadhātuyā ūnattaṁ vā pūrattaṁ vā paññāyati, ayam-pi bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye pañcamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

(6) seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso, evam-eva kho bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso. yaṁ bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso, ayam-pi bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye chaṭṭho acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

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(7) seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo Editor's note: BJT, mahasammudo, printer's error, correct elsewhere.12 bahuratano, anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni: seyyathīdaṁ: muttā, maṇi, veḷuriyo, saṅkho, silā, pavāḷaṁ, rajataṁ, jātarūpaṁ, lohitaṅko, masāragallaṁ, evam-eva kho bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo bahuratano, anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni: seyyathīdaṁ: cattāri satipaṭṭhānāni, BJT note: cattāro satipaṭṭhānā - everywhere else.13 cattāri sammappadhānāni, BJT note: cattāro sammappadhānā - everywhere else.14 cattāro iddhipādā, pañcindriyāni, pañcabalāni, sattabojjhaṅgā, ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo. yaṁ bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo bahuratano, anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni: seyyathīdaṁ: cattāri satipaṭṭhānāni, cattāri sammappadhānāni, BJT note: cattāro satipaṭṭhānā, cattāro sammappadhānā - everywhere else.15 cattāro iddhipādā, pañcindriyāni, pañcabalāni, sattabojjhaṅgā, ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, ayam-pi bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye sattamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

(8) seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo mahataṁ bhūtānaṁ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā: timi, timiṅgalo, timirapiṅgalo, asurā, nāgā, gandhabbā, santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, dviyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, tiyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, catuyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, pañcayojanasatikā pi attabhāvā, evam-eva kho bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo mahataṁ bhūtānaṁ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā: sotāpanno, sotāpattiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, sakadāgāmi, sakadāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, anāgāmi, anāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, arahā, arahattaphalasacchikiriyāya BJT note: arahattāya - ChS.16 paṭipanno. yaṁ bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo mahataṁ bhūtānaṁ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā: sotāpanno, sotāpattiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, sakadāgāmi, sakadāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, anāgāmi, anāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, arahā, arahattaphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, Editor's note: the passage yaṁ bhikkhave ayaṁ dhammavinayo mahataṁ bhūtānaṁ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā: sotāpanno, sotāpattiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, sakadāgāmi, sakadāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, anāgāmi, anāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, arahā, arahattaphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno, is missing from BJT, by mistake. Restored in this edition.17 ayaṁ bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye aṭṭhamo acchariyo abbhutadhammo, yaṁ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. ime kho bhikkhave imasmiṁ dhammavinaye aṭṭha acchariyā, abbhutadhammā, BJT note: abbhutā dhammā - palm leaf book.18 ye disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṁ dhammavinaye abhiramantī” ti.

7. atha kho bhagavā etam-atthaṁ viditvā, tāyaṁ velāyaṁ imaṁ udānaṁ udānesi:

−⏑⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−   Anuṭṭhubha
“channam-ativivassati BJT note: channaṁ ativassatī - palm leaf book.19 ~ vivaṭaṁ nātivassati,

−−−−¦⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−   savipula
tasmā channaṁ vivaretha ~ evaṁ taṁ nātivassatī” ti.