Vinayapiṭake Mahāvaggassa Paṭhamo Bhāgo BJT: Vinayapiṭake Mahāvaggapāḷiyā Paṭhamo Bhāgo; ChS: Vinayapiṭake Mahāvaggapāḷi; PTS: Vinayapiṭakaṁ Mahāvagga; -pāḷi in BJT and ChS are late additions, and -vagga in PTS is ungrammatical in Pāḷi.01

Namo tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammāsambuddhassa

Mahākhandhako Omitted in PTS; BJT, Thai: Mahākhandhakaṁ, but khandakha is masculine and we would expect the nominative here.02

[I: Paṭhamadesanā]

1: Bodhikathā BJT, PTS, Thai omit these titles which are inferred from the end-titles. Most of them are included in ChS, and I reproduce them here with translations for convenience; I have also added some more to better outline the narrative.03

Tena samayena Buddho Bhagavā Uruvelāyaṁ viharati, najjā Nerañjarāya tīre Bodhirukkhamūle paṭhamābhisambuddho.

Atha kho Bhagavā Bodhirukkhamūle sattāhaṁ ekapallaṅkena nisīdi vimuttisukhapaṭisaṁvedī. Atha kho Bhagavā rattiyā paṭhamaṁ yāmaṁ, paṭiccasamuppādaṁ anulomapaṭilomaṁ manasākāsi:

“Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhārā,
saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ,
viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ,
nāmarūpapaccayā saḷāyatanaṁ,
saḷāyatanapaccayā phasso,
phassapaccayā vedanā,
vedanāpaccayā taṇhā,
taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ,
upādānapaccayā bhavo,
bhavapaccayā jāti,
jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā BJT: -ūpāyāsā, throughout, alternate sandhi.04 sambhavanti,
evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.

Avijjāya tveva asesavirāganirodhā saṅkhāranirodho,
saṅkhāranirodhā viññāṇanirodho,
viññāṇanirodhā nāmarūpanirodho,
nāmarūpanirodhā saḷāyatananirodho,
saḷāyatananirodhā phassanirodho,
phassanirodhā vedanānirodho,
vedanānirodhā taṇhānirodho,
taṇhānirodhā upādānanirodho,
upādānanirodhā bhavanirodho,
bhavanirodhā jātinirodho,
jātinirodhā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā nirujjhanti,
evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hotī.” ti

Atha kho Bhagavā, etam-atthaṁ viditvā, tāyaṁ velāyaṁ imaṁ udānaṁ udānesi:

 

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Tuṭṭhubha
“Yadā have pātubhavanti dhammā

−−⏑−,¦−⏑−¦−⏑−−
Ātāpino jhāyato brāhmaṇassa,

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Athassa kaṅkhā vapayanti sabbā,

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
Yato pajānāti sahetudhamman.”-ti

 

Atha kho Bhagavā rattiyā majjhimaṁ yāmaṁ, paṭiccasamuppādaṁ anulomapaṭilomaṁ manasākāsi:

“Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhārā,
saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ,
viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ, PTS, ChS abbreviate: ...nāmarūpaṁ ...pe... evametassa... BJT reads: nāmarūpaṁ, nāmarūpapaccayā saḷāyatanaṁ ...pe... evametassa...05
nāmarūpapaccayā saḷāyatanaṁ,
saḷāyatanapaccayā phasso,
phassapaccayā vedanā,
vedanāpaccayā taṇhā,
taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ,
upādānapaccayā bhavo,
bhavapaccayā jāti,
jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā sambhavanti,
evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti. BJT, PTS, ChS abbreviate: ...samudayo hoti ...pe... nirodho hotī ti...06

Avijjāya tveva asesavirāganirodhā saṅkhāranirodho,
saṅkhāranirodhā viññāṇanirodho,
viññāṇanirodhā nāmarūpanirodho,
nāmarūpanirodhā saḷāyatananirodho,
saḷāyatananirodhā phassanirodho,
phassanirodhā vedanānirodho,
vedanānirodhā taṇhānirodho,
taṇhānirodhā upādānanirodho,
upādānanirodhā bhavanirodho,
bhavanirodhā jātinirodho,
jātinirodhā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā nirujjhanti,
evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hotī.” ti

Atha kho Bhagavā, etam-atthaṁ viditvā, tāyaṁ velāyaṁ imaṁ udānaṁ udānesi:

 

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Tuṭṭhubha
“Yadā have pātubhavanti dhammā

−−⏑−,¦−⏑−¦−⏑−−
Ātāpino jhāyato brāhmaṇassa,

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Athassa kaṅkhā vapayanti sabbā,

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑−¦−⏑−−
Yato khayaṁ paccayānaṁ avedī.” ti

 

Atha kho Bhagavā rattiyā pacchimaṁ yāmaṁ, paṭiccasamuppādaṁ anulomapaṭilomaṁ manasākāsi:

“Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhārā,
saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ, PTS abbreviates: ...viññāṇaṁ - gha - evam etassa...; ChS abbreviates: ... viññāṇaṁ, viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ ...pe... evametassa...; BJT abbreviates: ... viññāṇaṁ, viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ, nāmarūpapaccayā saḷāyatanaṁ, ...pe... evametassa...07
viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ,
nāmarūpapaccayā saḷāyatanaṁ,
saḷāyatanapaccayā phasso,
phassapaccayā vedanā,
vedanāpaccayā taṇhā,
taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ,
upādānapaccayā bhavo,
bhavapaccayā jāti,
jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā sambhavanti,
evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti. BJT, PTS, ChS abbreviate: ... samudayo hoti ...pe... nirodho hotī ti...08

Avijjāya tveva asesavirāganirodhā saṅkhāranirodho,
saṅkhāranirodhā viññāṇanirodho,
viññāṇanirodhā nāmarūpanirodho,
nāmarūpanirodhā saḷāyatananirodho,
saḷāyatananirodhā phassanirodho,
phassanirodhā vedanānirodho,
vedanānirodhā taṇhānirodho,
taṇhānirodhā upādānanirodho,
upādānanirodhā bhavanirodho,
bhavanirodhā jātinirodho,
jātinirodhā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā nirujjhanti,
evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hotī.” ti

Atha kho Bhagavā, etam-atthaṁ viditvā, tāyaṁ velāyaṁ imaṁ udānaṁ udānesi:

 

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Tuṭṭhubha
“Yadā have pātubhavanti dhammā

−−⏑−,¦−⏑−¦−⏑−−
Ātāpino jhāyato brāhmaṇassa,

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Vidhūpayaṁ tiṭṭhati Mārasenaṁ,

⏑⏑−⏑,−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Suriyo ChS: Sūriyo, alternate form, but a short syllable is needed here m.c.09 va obhāsayam-antalikkhan.”-ti PTS: --, alternate form, there is a great deal of inconsistency in the texts with many alternations between the dentals and cerebrals.10

 

Bodhikathā Niṭṭhitā