[IV. Rājagahe]

39: Bimbisārasamāgamakathā

Atha kho Bhagavā Gayāsīse yathābhirantaṁ viharitvā, yena Rājagahaṁ tena cārikaṁ pakkāmi, mahatā Bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṁ, bhikkhusahassena sabbeheva purāṇajaṭilehi.

Atha kho Bhagavā, anupubbena cārikaṁ caramāno, yena Rājagahaṁ tad-avasari. Tatra sudaṁ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati, Laṭṭhivane PTS, Thai: Laṭṭhivanuyyane, and similarly throughout, in the Palmyra Wood Garden.01 Suppatiṭṭhe PTS: Supatiṭṭhe, and similarly throughout, but gemination is to be expected.02 Cetiye.

Assosi kho Rājā Māgadho Seniyo Bimbisāro: “Samaṇo khalu bho Gotamo Sakyaputto Sakyakulā pabbajito, Rājagahaṁ anuppatto Rājagahe viharati, Laṭṭhivane Suppatiṭṭhe Cetiye. Taṁ kho pana Bhagavantaṁ Gotamaṁ evaṁ kalyāṇo kittisaddo abbhuggato:

‘Iti pi so Bhagavā Arahaṁ Sammāsambuddho, vijjācaraṇasampanno Sugato lokavidū, anuttaro purisadammasārathī, ChS: -sārathi.03 Satthā devamanussānaṁ Buddho Bhagavā.’ Thai adds: ti, which is unwarranted as the speech hasn’t ended.04

So imaṁ lokaṁ sadevakaṁ Samārakaṁ Sabrahmakaṁ, sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṁ pajaṁ sadevamanussaṁ, sayaṁ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So Dhammaṁ deseti ādikalyāṇaṁ, majjhekalyāṇaṁ pariyosānakalyāṇaṁ; sātthaṁ sabyañjanaṁ; kevalaparipuṇṇaṁ parisuddhaṁ brahmacariyaṁ pakāseti. Sādhu kho pana tathārūpānaṁ Arahataṁ dassanaṁ hotī.” ti

Atha kho Rājā Māgadho Seniyo Bimbisāro, dvādasanahutehi Māgadhikehi brāhmaṇagahapatikehi parivuto yena Bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdi.

Te pi kho dvādasanahutā Māgadhikā brāhmaṇagahapatikā, appekacce Bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdiṁsu. Appekacce Bhagavatā saddhiṁ sammodiṁsu, sammodanīyaṁ kathaṁ sārāṇīyaṁ vītisāretvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdiṁsu. Appekacce yena Bhagavā tenañjaliṁ paṇāmetvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdiṁsu. Appekacce Bhagavato nāmagottaṁ sāvetvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdiṁsu. Appekacce tuṇhībhūtā ekam-antaṁ nisīdiṁsu.

Atha kho tesaṁ dvādasanahutānaṁ Māgadhikānaṁ brāhmaṇagahapatikānaṁ etad-ahosi: “Kiṁ nu kho Mahāsamaṇo Uruvelakassape brahmacariyaṁ carati, udāhu Uruvelakassapo Mahāsamaṇe brahmacariyaṁ caratī?” ti

Atha kho Bhagavā tesaṁ dvādasanahutānaṁ Māgadhikānaṁ brāhmaṇagahapatikānaṁ cetasā cetoparivitakkam-aññāya, āyasmantaṁ Uruvelakassapaṁ gāthāya ajjhabhāsi:

 

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Tuṭṭhubha Tuṭṭhubha throughout except for one line in   Jagatī.05
“Kim-eva disvā Uruvelavāsī, Thai: Uruvelavāsi.06

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Pahāsi aggiṁ kisako vadāno?

−−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Pucchāmi taṁ Kassapa etam-atthaṁ,

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Kathaṁ pahīnaṁ tava aggihuttan?”-ti ChS: -hutta-, but elsewhere -huta-, the reduplication is needed for the cadence.07

 

−−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
“Rūpe ca sadde ca atho rase ca,

−−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Kāmitthiyo cābhivadanti yaññā.

−−⏑−¦⏑,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
‘Etaṁ malan’-ti upadhīsu ñatvā,

−−⏑−¦−,⏑−¦−⏑−−
Tasmā na yiṭṭhe na hutte PTS, Thai write: hute here and below to avoid the long 7th syllable, but that variation is acceptable to the prosody, elsewhere the dental is reduplicated in these texts.08 arañjin.”-ti Thai omits: ti, but it is needed to mark the end of the quote.09

 

−⏑⏑−⏑¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Jagatī The opening is very poor here, with no easy way to repair the metre.10
“Ettha ca ChS: va.11 te mano na ramittha Kassapā,” ti Bhagavā, BJT places Kassapā ti Bhagavā in brackets, but that would spoil the metre. PTS adds: avoca; ChS places ti bhagavā in brackets.12

−−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
“Rūpesu saddesu atho rasesu,

⏑⏑−−⏑,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Atha kocarahi BJT: kho carahi. Even after taking the 1st syllable as resolved, and the 3rd vowel in kocarahi as epenthetic the opening is still incorrect; if we read kocarahī, it would be somewhat better.13 devamanussaloke,

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Rato mano Kassapa brūhi metan.”-ti Thai omits: ti.14

 

−−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
“Disvā padaṁ santam-anūpadhīkaṁ,

⏑−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
Akiñcanaṁ kāmabhave asattaṁ,

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
Anaññathābhāvim-anaññaneyyaṁ,

−−⏑−¦−,⏑−¦−⏑−−
Tasmā na yiṭṭhe na hutte arañjin.”-ti

 

Atha kho āyasmā Uruvelakassapo uṭṭhāyāsanā, ekaṁsaṁ uttarāsaṅgaṁ karitvā, Bhagavato pādesu sirasā nipatitvā, Bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: “Satthā me Bhante Bhagavā sāvakoham-asmi, Satthā me Bhante Bhagavā sāvakoham-asmī.” ti

Atha kho tesaṁ dvādasanahutānaṁ Māgadhikānaṁ brāhmaṇagahapatikānaṁ etad-ahosi: “Uruvelakassapo Mahāsamaṇe brahmacariyaṁ caratī.” ti

Atha kho Bhagavā tesaṁ dvādasanahutānaṁ Māgadhikānaṁ brāhmaṇagahapatikānaṁ cetasā cetoparivitakkam-aññāya, anupubbikathaṁ kathesi, seyyathīdaṁ: dānakathaṁ sīlakathaṁ saggakathaṁ, kāmānaṁ ādīnavaṁ okāraṁ saṅkilesaṁ, nekkhamme BJT adds: ca here but not elsewhere.15 ānisaṁsaṁ pakāsesi.

Yadā te Bhagavā aññāsi kallacitte muducitte, vinīvaraṇacitte udaggacitte pasannacitte, atha yā Buddhānaṁ sāmukkaṁsikā Dhammadesanā taṁ pakāsesi: Dukkhaṁ Samudayaṁ Nirodhaṁ Maggaṁ.

Seyyathā pi nāma suddhaṁ vatthaṁ apagatakāḷakaṁ sammad-eva rajanaṁ paṭiggaṇheyya, evam-eva ekādasanahutānaṁ Māgadhikānaṁ brāhmaṇagahapatikānaṁ, Bimbisārappamukkhānaṁ BJT, PTS: -p-, but gemination is to be expected.16 tasmiṁ yeva āsane, virajaṁ vītamalaṁ Dhammacakkhuṁ udapādi:

“Yaṁ kiñci samudayadhammaṁ,
sabban-taṁ nirodhadhamman.”-ti

ekanahutaṁ upāsakattaṁ paṭivedesi.

Atha kho Rājā Māgadho Seniyo Bimbisāro, diṭṭhadhammo pattadhammo, viditadhammo pariyogāḷhadhammo tiṇṇavicikiccho vigatakathaṁkatho, vesārajjappatto aparappaccayo Satthusāsane Bhagavantaṁ etad-avoca: “Pubbe me Bhante kumārassa sato pañca assāsakā ahesuṁ te me etarahi samiddhā.

Pubbe me Bhante kumārassa sato etad-ahosi: ‘Aho vata maṁ rajje abhisiñceyyun’ ti - ayaṁ kho me Bhante paṭhamo assāsako ahosi, so me etarahi samiddho.

‘Tassa ca me vijitaṁ Arahaṁ Sammāsambuddho okkameyyā’ ti - ayaṁ kho me Bhante dutiyo assāsako ahosi, so me etarahi samiddho.

‘Tañ-cāhaṁ Bhagavantaṁ payirupāseyyan’-ti - ayaṁ kho me Bhante tatiyo assāsako ahosi, so me etarahi samiddho.

‘So ca me Bhagavā dhammaṁ deseyyā’ ti - ayaṁ kho me Bhante catuttho assāsako ahosi, so me etarahi samiddho.

‘Tassa cāhaṁ Bhagavato Dhammaṁ ājāneyyan’-ti - ayaṁ kho me Bhante pañcamo assāsako ahosi, so me etarahi samiddho.

Pubbe me Bhante kumārassa sato ime pañca assāsakā ahesuṁ te me etarahi samiddhā. Abhikkantaṁ Bhante! Abhikkantaṁ Bhante! Seyyathā pi Bhante nikkujjitaṁ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṁ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṁ ācikkheyya, andhakāre vā telappajjotaṁ dhāreyya: ‘cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintī,’ ti evam-evaṁ PTS: evam eva.17 Bhagavatā anekapariyāyena Dhammo pakāsito.

Esāhaṁ Bhante Bhagavantaṁ saraṇaṁ gacchāmi, Dhammañ-ca Bhikkhusaṅghañ-ca. Upāsakaṁ maṁ BJT adds: bhante.18 Bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṁ saraṇaṁ gataṁ. PTS adds: 'ti, but the speech hasn't finished.19

Adhivāsetu ca Thai omits: ca.20 me bhante Bhagavā, svātanāya bhattaṁ saddhiṁ Bhikkhusaṅghenā.” ti Adhivāsesi Bhagavā tuṇhībhāvena. PTS: tuṇhi-.21 Atha kho Rājā Māgadho Seniyo Bimbisāro Bhagavato adhivāsanaṁ viditvā, uṭṭhāyāsanā, Bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā, padakkhiṇaṁ katvā, pakkāmi.