Buddhanīti Saṅgaho

13: Yācanavaggo

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Jā 253 Maṇikaṇṭhajātakaṁ

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“Mamannapānaṁ vipulaṁ uḷāraṁ

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Uppajjatiṁ Text: Uppajjatim-; which spoils the opening; BJT, ChS, Thai: Uppajjatī-m-assa; which is an unusual and unnessary sandhi. The metre is easily corrected by reading the niggahīta, which is what has been adopted here.01 assa maṇissa hetu.”

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“Taṁ te na dassaṁ atiyācako 'si,

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Na cāpi te assamaṁ Text, ChS, Thai: assamam. 02 āgamissaṁ. [237]

 

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Susū yathā sakkharadhotapāṇī,

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Tāsesi maṁ selaṁ yācamāno,

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Taṁ te na dassaṁ atiyācako 'si,

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Na cāpi te assamaṁ āgamissaṁ.” Text: assamaṁ, contrary to the preceding verse. 03 [238]

 

⏑−−−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Vedic opening
Na taṁ yāce yassa piyaṁ jigiṁse, ChS: jigīse; alternate spelling. 04

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Desso hoti We could read Desso pi hoti to correct the opening. 05 atiyācanāya.

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Nāgo maṇiṁ yācito brāhmaṇena,

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Adassanaṁ yeva tad-ajjhagāmā. All texts: ajjhagamā, which is against the normal cadence; easily corrected by lenghtening the vowel. 06 [239]

 

Jā 323 Brahmadattajātakaṁ

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Dvayaṁ yācanako, Rāja Brahmadatta, nigacchati

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Alābhaṁ dhanalābhaṁ vā, evaṁ dhammā hi yācanā. [240]

 

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“Yācanaṁ rodanaṁ,” āhu Pañcālānaṁ Rathesabha,

−−⏑−¦−−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−   mavipulā The word-break occurs at the 4th, instead of the more usual 5th syllable. 07
“Yo yācanaṁ paccakkhāti,” tam-āhu “paṭirodanaṁ. [241]

 

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Mā-m-addasaṁsu Thai: Maṁ māddasaṁsu. 08 rodantaṁ, Pañcālā, susamāgatā,

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Tuvaṁ vā paṭirodantaṁ, tasmā icchām' ahaṁ raho.” [242]

 

Jā 403 Aṭṭhisenajātakaṁ BJT: Aṭṭhīsena- in the title; but elsewhere Aṭṭhisena. 09

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“Ye me ahaṁ na jānāmi, Aṭṭhisena, vaṇibbake, Text: vaṇibbakā; but an accusative is needed here; ChS, Thai: vanibbake; showing the n/ṇ alternation in the texts. 10

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Te maṁ saṅgamma yācanti; kasmā maṁ tvaṁ Text: tvaṁ maṁ; same meaning. 11 na yācasi.” [243]

 

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“Yācako appiyo hoti, yācaṁ adadam-appiyo,

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Tasmāhaṁ taṁ na yācāmi, mā me viddesanā Text, Thai: videssanā? 12 ahu.” [244]

 

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“Yo ve Thai: ca. 13 yācanajīvāno, kāle yācaṁ na yācati,

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−   mavipulā
Parañ-ca puññā Thai: puññaṁ; singular. 14 dhaṁseti, attanā pi na jīvati. [245]

 

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Yo ca yācanajīvāno, kāle yācaṁ hi Thai: pi. 15 yācati,

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−   mavipulā
Parañ-ca puññaṁ labbheti, attanā pi ca jīvati. [246]

 

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Na ve dessanti BJT: dissanti; which doesn't give a good meaning; Thai: dussanti. 16 sappaññā, disvā yācakam-āgataṁ, BJT, ChS, Thai: āgate; plural form? 17

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Brahmacāri Thai: -cārī. 18 piyo me 'si varataṁ ChS: vada tvaṁ; Thai: varabhaññitam-icchasi? I don't understand the form bhaññita. 19 bhaññam-icchasi.” [247]

 

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“Na ve yācanti sappaññā, Dhīro ChS, Thai add: ca; against the metre. 20 veditum-arahati,

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Uddissa Ariyā tiṭṭhanti, esā Ariyāna' yācanā.” [248]

 

Jā 478 Dūtajātakaṁ

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Sace te dukkhaṁ ChS, Thai: dukkham-; giving the pathyā cadence. 21 uppajje, Kāsīnaṁ Raṭṭhavaḍḍhana,

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Mā kho no ChS, Thai: naṁ. 22 tassa akkhāhi yo taṁ dukkhā na mocaye. [249]

 

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Yo tassa dukkhajātassa ekantam-api bhāgato Text: bhāgaso; ChS, Thai: ekaṅgam-api bhāgaso. 23

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Vippamoceyya Dhammena: kāmaṁ tassa pavedaye. ChS, Thai: pavedaya. 24 [250]

 

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Yo attano dukkham-anānupuṭṭho,

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Pavedaye jantŭ ŭ is m.c. to avoid the long 6th syllable. 25 akālarūpe,

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Ānandino Thai: Anandino tassa bhavanti mittā. 26 tassa bhavantyamittā, BJT: bhavant' amittā; ChS: bhavanti 'mittā; different ways of forming the sandhi. 27

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Hitesino tassa dukkhī Text, BJT, ChS: dukhī; but there is no reason for the simplification of the consonant cluster. 28 bhavanti. [251]

 

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Kālañ-ca ñatvāna tathāvidhassa,

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Medhāvinaṁ ChS: Medhāvīnaṁ; unnecessary lengthening, giving the Vedic opening. 29 ekamanaṁ viditvā,

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Akkheyya tippāni Text, BJT, ChS: tibbāni; the same word with a different form. Cf. the next verse. 30 parassa Dhīro,

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Saṇhaṁ giraṁ atthavatiṁ pamuñce. [252]

 

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Jagatī
Sace ca jaññā avisayham-attano:

−−−⏑,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   irregular opening
“Nāyaṁ nīti mayha' ChS, Thai: Na te hi mayhaṁ. 31 sukhāgamāya,”

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Eko pi tippāni Text: tippā ti. 32 saheyya Dhīro,

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Saccaṁ hirottappam-apekkhamāno. [253]