The Analysis of the Ways of Attending to Mindfulness

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2. The Section Derived from the Abstract Teaching

[The First Method] This heading, and The Second Method below, do not appear in the texts, but are inserted by the editor for clarity's sake.01

The Section Derived from the Abstract Teaching

[The First Method] This heading, and Dutiyanayo below, do not appear in the texts, but are inserted by the editor for clarity’s sake.01

[374]

Four Ways of Attending to Mindfulness:

Here a monk dwells contemplating (the nature of) the body in the body, he dwells contemplating (the nature of) feelings in feelings, he dwells contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind, he dwells contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things.

[375]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the body in the body?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, Aṭṭhasāliṇī defines absorption in this context as: full absorption for (just) one mind moment. 02 which leads out, Aṭṭhasāliṇī: leads out of the world, leads out of the round, or leads out of this (suffering), is what leads out means ... wholesome deeds in the round of the three worlds accumulate and increase passing away and relinking and is (therefore) known as increasing: but not this.03 which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, Aṭṭhasāliṇī: that attainment of the first ground means for the acquisition, for the attainment of the first fruit of the ascetic life, which is reckoned to be the fruit of Stream-Entry, this is how the meaning should be understood.04 (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, Upasampajja viharati is a periphrastic construction giving durative sense, but is possibly used conventionally here as the attainment itself only lasts for one mind-moment.05 with difficulty in practice I interpret dukkha here as meaning difficulty, as there can be no question of painful feeling while in absorption. It is odd that there are no ellipsis markers here because in Dhammasaṅgaṇī, there are four ways of progressing on the Path, of which difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge is only one; the others are: difficulty in practice and quick deepening of knowledge (khippābhiññā); ease in practice (sukhapaṭipadaṁ) and slow deepening of knowledge; and ease in practice and quick deepening of knowledge. We have to understand that they are included though, as the same would apply for them too.06 and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates (the nature of) the body in the body, Again here it is clear that the supermundane mindfulness is being said to occur within the first absorption itself, which would rule out any sort of absence of thought in that state, rather it seems to indicate an increased power of thought, fully absorbed in the mindfulness practice, which here is body contemplation, but which may be, as we shall see below, any of the four objects of mindfulness.07 and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Thai marks an ellipsis passage here and below, which would mean including the following at this point: paṭissati sati saraṇatā dhāraṇatā apilāpanatā asammussanatā sati Satindriyaṁ Satibalaṁ.08 Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness. The only way to interpret this phrase, which occurs at the end of each section is that it means that there may be other mental factors that have not been enumerated here, which are concomitant with the practice of mindfulness, i.e. the list is not exhaustive, but indicative.09

[376]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the feelings in the feelings?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates (the nature of) the feelings in the feelings, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

[377]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates (the nature of) the mind in the mind, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

[378]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates (the nature of) things in (various) things, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

[379]

What herein are the ways of attending to mindfulness?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates (the nature of) things in (various) things, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.