The Analysis of the Ways of Attending to Mindfulness

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The Pairs

[The Roots Collection] The Vibhaṅga lacks headings or end-titles for these sections. To clarify the discussion, I have included the Dhammasaṅgaṇī’s end-titles, and added them to each section as section headings also.01

[389]

...pe... Are any roots? Are any not roots?

(They are) not roots.

...pe... Are any connected with roots? Are any unconnected with roots?

(They are) connected with roots.

...pe... Are any associated with roots? Are any unassociated with roots?

(They are) associated with roots.

...pe... Are any roots and connected with roots? Are any connected with roots (but) are not roots?

(They are) not to be spoken of as roots and connected with roots, (they are) connected with roots (but) are not roots.

...pe... Are any roots and associated with roots? Are any associated with roots (but) are not roots?

(They are) not to be spoken of as roots and associated with roots, (they are) associated with roots (but) are not roots.

...pe... Are any not roots but are connected with roots? Are any unconnected with roots?

(They are) not roots but are connected with roots.

The Roots Collection

 

[The Lesser Pairs] We will later have the Greater Pairs (Mahantaradukaṁ) and the End Pairs (Piṭṭhidukaṁ).02

...pe... Are any with causes? Are any without causes?

(They are) with causes.

...pe... Are any conditioned? Are any not conditioned?

(They are) conditioned.

...pe... Are any visible? Are any not visible?

(They are) not visible.

...pe... Are any impingements? Are any not impingements?

(They are) not impingements.

...pe... Are any having form? Are any formless?

(They are) formless.

...pe... Are any mundane? Are any supermundane?

(They are) supermundane.

...pe... Are any perceptible in one way? Are any not perceptible in another way?

(They are) perceptible in one way, some are not perceptible in another way.

The Lesser Pairs

 

[The Pollutants Collection]

...pe... Are any pollutants? Are any not pollutants?

(They are) not pollutants. The Abhidhamma lists four pollutants: sense-desire (kāmāsava), (desiring) continuation (bhavāsava), (wrong) views (diṭṭhāsava) and ignorance (avijjāsava), however, in the discourses wrong views is normally omitted.03

...pe... Are any connected with pollutants? Are any unconnected with pollutants?

(They are) unconnected with pollutants.

...pe... Are any associated with pollutants? Are any unassociated with pollutants?

(They are) unassociated with pollutants.

...pe... Are any pollutants and are connected with pollutants? Are any connected with pollutants but are not pollutants?

(They are) not to be spoken of as pollutants and connected with pollutants, (or) connected with pollutants but not pollutants.

...pe... Are any pollutants and associated with pollutants? Are any associated with pollutants but are not pollutants?

(They are) not to be spoken of as pollutants and associated with pollutants, (or) associated with pollutants but not pollutants.

...pe... Are any unassociated with pollutants but are connected with pollutants? Are any unconnected with pollutants?

(They are) unassociated with pollutants. (They are) unconnected with pollutants. The next six sections up till the Parāmāsagocchakaṁ, which examine different collections of defilements, all follow the same format.04

The Pollutants Collection

 

[The Fetters Collection]

...pe... Are any fetters? Are any not fetters?

(They are) not fetters. There are ten fetters: embodiment view (sakkāyadiṭṭhi), doubt (vicikicchā), grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbataparāmāsa), passion for sensuality (kāmarāga), ill-will (vyāpāda), passion for the form worlds (rūparāga), passion for the formless worlds (arūparāga), conceit (māna), agitation (uddhacca) and ignorance (avijjā).05

...pe...

Are any favourable to the fetters? Are any unfavourable to the fetters?

(They are) unfavourable to the fetters.

Are any associated with the fetters? Are any unassociated with the fetters?

(They are) unassociated with the fetters.

Are any fetters and favourable to the fetters? Are any favourable to the fetters but are not fetters?

(They are) not to be spoken of as fetters and favourable to the fetters, (or) as favourable to the fetters but not fetters.

Are any fetters and associated with fetters? Are any associated with fetters but are not fetters?

(They are) not to be spoken of as fetters and associated with fetters, (or) as associated with fetters but not fetters.

Are any unassociated with fetters but are favourable to the fetters? Are any unfavourable to the fetters?

(They are) unassociated with fetters. (They are) unfavourable to the fetters.

The Fetters Collection

 

[The Knots Collection]

...pe... Are any knots? Are any not knots?

(They are) not knots. There are four: the knots of avarice (abhijjhā), ill-will (vyāpāda), grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbataparāmāsa), inclination to (insisting) ’this is the truth’ (idaṁsaccābhinivesa).06

...pe...

Are any favourable to the knots? Are any unfavourable to the knots?

(They are) unfavourable to the knots.

Are any associated with knots? Are any unassociated with knots?

(They are) unassociated with knots.

Are any knots and favourable to the knots? Are any favourable to the knots but are not knots?

(They are) not to be spoken of as knots and favourable to the knots, (or) as favourable to the knots but not knots.

Are any knots and associated with knots? Are any associated with knots but are not knots?

(They are) not to be spoken of as knots and associated with knots, (or) as associated with knots but not knots.

Are any unconnected with knots but are favourable to the knots? Are any unfavourable to the knots?

(They are) unconnected with knots. (They are) unfavourable to knots.

The Knots Collection

 

[The Floods Collection]

...pe... Are any floods? Are any not floods?

(They are) not floods. These are the similar to the pollutants above: the floods of sense-desire (kāmogha), (desiring) continuation (bhavogha), (wrong) views (diṭṭhogha) and ignorance (avijjogha).07

...pe...

Are any favourable to the floods? Are any unfavourable to the floods?

(They are) unfavourable to the floods.

Are any associated with floods? Are any unassociated with floods?

(They are) unassociated with floods.

Are any floods and favourable to the floods? Are any favourable to the floods but are not floods?

(They are) not to be spoken of as floods and favourable to the floods, (or) as favourable to the floods but not floods.

Are any floods and associated with floods? Are any associated with floods but are not floods?

(They are) not to be spoken of as floods and associated with floods, (or) as associated with floods but not floods.

Are any unassociated with floods but favourable to the floods? Are any unfavourable to the floods?

(They are) unassociated with floods. (They are) unfavourable to the floods.

The Floods Collection

 

[The Yokes Collection]

...pe... Are any yokes? Are any not yokes?

(They are) not yokes. These are the similar to the pollutants above: the yokes of sense-desire (kāmayoga), (desiring) continuation (bhavayoga), (wrong) views (diṭṭhiyoga) and ignorance (avijjāyoga).08

...pe...

Are any favourable to the yokes? Are any unfavourable to the yokes?

(They are) unfavourable to the yokes.

Are any associated with yokes? Are any unassociated with yokes?

(They are) unassociated with yokes.

Are any yokes and favourable to the yokes? Are any favourable to the yokes but are not yokes?

(They are) not to be spoken of as yokes and favourable to the yokes, (or) as favourable to the yokes but not yokes.

Are any yokes and associated with yokes? Are any associated with yokes but are not yokes?

(They are) not to be spoken of as yokes and associated with yokes, (or) as associated with yokes but not yokes.

Are any unassociated with yokes but favourable to the yokes? Are any unfavourable to the yokes?

(They are) unassociated with yokes. (They are) unfavourable to the yokes.

The Yokes Collection

 

[The Hindrances Collection]

...pe... Are any hindrances? Are any not hindrances?

(They are) not hindrances. Five in number: sensual desire (kāmacchanda), ill-will (vyāpāda), sloth and torpor (thīnamiddha), agitation and worry (uddhaccakukkucca) and skeptical doubt (vicikicchā).09

...pe...

Are any favourable to the hindrances? Are any unfavourable to the hindrances?

(They are) unfavourable to the hindrances.

Are any associated with hindrances? Are any unassociated with hindrances?

(They are) unassociated with hindrances.

Are any hindrances and favourable to the hindrances? Are any favourable to the hindrances but are not hindrances?

(They are) not to be spoken of as hindrances and favourable to the hindrances, (or) as favourable to the hindrances but not hindrances.

Are any hindrances and associated with hindrances? Are any associated with hindrances but are not hindrances?

(They are) not to be spoken of as hindrances and associated with hindrances, (or) as associated with hindrances but not hindrances.

Are any unassociated with hindrances but favourable to the hindrances? Are any unfavourable to the hindrances?

(They are) unassociated with hindrances. (They are) unfavourable to the hindrances.

The Hindrances Collection

 

[The Adherences Collection]

...pe... Are any adherences? Are any not adherences?

(They are) not adherences. Adherences refers to the wrong views that the world is eternal or not eternal; finite or infinite; the soul and the body are the same or not the same; the individual exists or doesn’t exist after death; the individual both exists and does not exist after death or neither exists nor does not exist after death.10

...pe...

Are any adhered to? Are any not adhered to?

(They are) not adhered to.

Are any associated with adherences? Are any unassociated with adherences?

(They are) unassociated with adherences.

Are any adherences and adhered to? Are any adhered to but are not adherences?

(They are) not to be spoken of as adherences and adhered to, (or) as adhered to but not adherences.

Are any unassociated with adherences but adhered to? Are any not adhered to?

(They are) unassociated with adherences. (They are) not adhered to.

The Adherences Collection

 

[The Greater Pairs]

...pe... Are any with sense-objects? Are any without sense-objects?

(They are) with sense-objects.

...pe... Are any consciousness? Are any not consciousness?

(They are) not consciousness. Adherences refers to the wrong views that the world is eternal or not eternal; finite or infinite; the soul and the body are the same or not the same; the individual exists or doesn’t exist after death; the individual both exists and does not exist after death or neither exists nor does not exist after death.10

...pe... Are any mental factors? Are any not mental factors?

(They are) mental factors.

...pe... Are any associated with mind? Are any unassociated with mind?

(They are) associated with mind.

...pe... Are any joined with mind? Are any not joined with mind?

(They are) joined with mind.

...pe... Are any produced by mind? Are any not produced by mind?

(They are) produced by mind.

...pe... Are any developed by mind? Are any not developed by mind?

(They are) developed by mind.

...pe... Are any kept rolling by mind? Are any not kept rolling by mind?

(They are) kept rolling by mind.

...pe... Are any productions produced by mind? Are any not productions produced by mind?

(They are) productions produced by mind.

...pe... Are any productions that are produced by mind and developed by mind? Are any not productions that are produced by mind and developed by mind?

(They are) productions that are produced by mind and developed by mind.

...pe... Are any productions that are produced by mind and kept rolling by mind? Are any not productions that are produced by mind and kept rolling by mind?

(They are) productions that are produced by mind and kept rolling by mind.

...pe... Are any internal? Are any external?

(They are) external.

...pe... Are any derived? Are any not derived?

(They are) not derived.

...pe... Are any attached to? Are any not attached to?

(They are) not attached to.

The Greater Pairs

 

[The Attachments Collection]

...pe... Are any attachments? Are any not attachments?

(They are) not attachments There are four: attachments to sensuality (kāmupādāna), views (diṭṭhupādāna), grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbatupādāna) and self-theories (attavādupādāna). 12.

...pe...

Are any favourable to the attachments? Are any unfavourable to the attachments?

(They are) unfavourable to the attachments.

Are any associated with the attachments? Are any unassociated with the attachments?

(They are) unassociated with attachments.

Are any attachments and favourable to the attachments? Are any favourable to the attachments but are not attachments?

(They are) not to be spoken of as attachments and favourable to the attachments, (or) as favourable to the attachments but not attachments.

Are any attachments and associated with the attachments? Are any associated with the attachments, but are not attachments?

(They are) not to be spoken of as attachments and associated with attachments, (or) as associated with attachments but not attachments.

Are any unassociated with the attachments but favourable to the attachments? Are any unfavourable to the attachments?

(They are) unassociated with the attachments. (They are) unfavourable to the attachments.

The Attachments Collection

 

[The Defilements Collection]

...pe... Are any defilements? Are any not defilements?

(They are) not defilements. There are four: attachments to sensuality (kāmupādāna), views (diṭṭhupādāna), grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbatupādāna) and self-theories (attavādupādāna). 12

...pe...

Are any connected with the defilements? Are any unconnected with the defilements?

(They are) unconnected with the defilements.

Are any defiled? Are any not defiled?

(They are) not defiled.

Are any associated with the defilements? Are any unassociated with the defilements?

(They are) unassociated with the defilements.

Are any defilements and connected with the defilements? Are any connected with the defilements, but are not defilements?

(They are) not to be spoken of as defilements and connected with the defilements, (or) as connected with the defilements but not defilements.

Are any defilements and defiled? Are any defiled, but are not defilements?

(They are) not to be spoken of as defilements and defiled, (or) as defiled but not defilements.

Are any defilements and associated with the defilements? Are any associated with defilements but not defilements?

(They are) not to be spoken of as defilements and associated with defilements, (or) as associated with defilements but not defilements.

Are any unassociated with defilements but connected with the defilements? Are any unconnected with the defilements?

(They are) unassociated with defilements. (They are) unconnected with the defilements.

The Defilements Collection

 

[The End Pairs]

...pe... Can any be given up through vision (of the First Path)? Can any not be given up through vision (of the First Path)?

(They are) not given up through vision (of the First Path).

...pe... Can any be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths)? Can any not be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths)?

(They are) not given up through development (of the rest of the Paths).

...pe... Are any roots that are to be given up through vision (of the First Path)? Are any roots that are not to be given up through vision (of the First Path)?

(They are) not roots to be given up through vision (of the First Path).

...pe... Are any roots that are to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths)? Are any roots that are not to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths)?

(They have) roots that are not to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths).

...pe... Are any with thinking? Are any without thinking?

They may be with thinking, they may be without thinking.

...pe... Are any with reflection? Are any without reflection?

They may be with reflection, they may be without reflection.

...pe... Are any connected with joyful interest? Are any unconnected with joyful interest?

They may be connected with joyful interest, they may be unconnected with joyful interest.

...pe... Are any united with joyful interest? Are any not united with joyful interest?

They may be united with joyful interest, they may not be united with joyful interest.

...pe... Are any united with pleasure? Are any not united with pleasure?

They may be united with pleasure, they may not be united with pleasure.

...pe... Are any united with equanimity? Are any not united with equanimity?

They may be united with equanimity, they may not be united with equanimity.

...pe... Are any (connected with) the sensual realms? Are any not (connected with) the sensual realms?

(They are) not (connected with) the sensual realms.

...pe... Are any (connected with) the form realms? Are any not (connected with) the form realms?

(They are) not (connected with) the form realms.

...pe... Are any (connected with) the formless realms? Are any not (connected with) the formless realms?

(They are) not (connected with) the formless realms.

...pe... Are any included? Are any unincluded?

(They are) unincluded. Aṭṭhasālinī: included means: included in, contained in, the round of the three grounds (of existence), unincluded means not being included therein.14

...pe... Do any lead out? Do any not lead out?

They may lead out, they may not lead out.

...pe... Are any fixed? Are any not fixed?

They may be fixed, they may not be fixed.

...pe... Are any surpassable? Are any unsurpassable?

(They are) unsurpassable.

Are any with faults? Are any without faults?

(They are) without faults.

The Questionaire

The Analysis of the Ways of Attending to Mindfulness is Finished