[XII. Faith in Various Districts]
[Nānādesappasādo]

1-62 ≠ Mhv 1-55

Thero Moggaliputto so, Jinasāsanajotiko,
The Elder Moggaliputta, the light of the Dispensation of the Victor, I.e. the Buddha, often called Jina or Victor in the texts.01

niṭṭhāpetvāna Saṅgītiṁ, pekkhamāno anāgataṁ, [1]
having brought the (Third) Recital Traditionally said to have been called by King Asoka after purifying the Sangha, and intended to confirm the true teachings. The traditional date is around 250 years after the Buddha's parinibbāna. However, Asoka doesn't mention it in his Edicts, which must put at least his part in the Council in doubt.02 to a close, looking towards the future,

Sāsanassa patiṭṭhānaṁ paccantesu apekkhiya,
and to the establishment of the Dispensation in the border countries,

pesesi Kattike māse te te There tahiṁ tahiṁ. [2]
during the month of Kattikā I.e. November.03 sent various Elders here and there.

Theraṁ Kasmīra Text: Kasmīrā, treating them as two here, but referential raṭṭhasmiṁ below is singular. There is a map showing the locations of these destinations here: http://www.ancient-buddhist-texts.net/Maps/Map-12-Asokan-Missions.htm.04-Gandhāraṁ Majjhantikam-apesayi:
He sent the Elder Majjhantika to Kasmīra-Gandhāra, saying:

“Patiṭṭhāpehi tattheva raṭṭhasmiṁ Sāsanaṁ.” iti
“Have the Dispensation established there in the country.”

Apesayi Mahādevattheraṁ Mahisamaṇḍalaṁ. [3]
He sent the Elder Mahādeva to Mahisamaṇḍala.

Vanavāsiṁ Mhv: Vanavāsaṁ; and below.05 apesesi Theraṁ Rakkhitanāmakaṁ;
To Vanavāsī he sent the Elder Rakkhita by name;

tathāparantakaṁ Yonaṁ Dhammarakkhitanāmakaṁ. [4]
but the Ionian Or, we might say now, the Greek.06 named Dhammarakkhita to Aparantikā.

Mahāraṭṭhaṁ Mahādhammarakkhitattheranāmakaṁ;
To Mahāraṭṭha Now called Maharashtra.07 (he sent) the Elder by name Mahādhammarakkhita;

Mahārakkhitatheran-tu Yonalokaṁ apesayi. [5]
he sent to the world of the Ionians the Elder Mahārakkhita.

Pesesi Majjhimaṁ Theraṁ Himavantappadesakaṁ;
He sent the Elder Majjhima to the Himālayan Lit: place endowed with snow.08 districts;

Suvaṇṇabhūmiṁ There dve Soṇaṁ Uttaram-eva ca. [6]
to Suvaṇṇabhūmi (he sent) two Elders, Soṇa and Uttara.

Sabbe pi te Mahātherā gacchantā attapañcamā, Text: -pañcaṁā, printer's error.09
All of these Great Elders went with five besides themselves,

paccantime janapade vattesuṁ upasampadaṁ.
to give the higher ordination in the border countries. See the introduction for a consideration of the importance of this addition.10 [7]

Mahāmahindatheraṁ taṁ, Theraṁ Iṭṭhiyam-Uttiyaṁ,
That Great Elder Mahinda, the Elder Singular where a plural in expected.11 Iṭṭhiya and Uttiya,

Sambalaṁ Bhaddasālañ-ca, sake saddhivihārike, [8]
Sambala and Bhaddasāla, From the text below we know that two others accompanied Mahinda to Laṅkā, they are the novice Sumana, and the upāsaka Bhaṇḍuka.12 his attendant monks,

“Laṅkādīpe manuññamhi manuññaṁ Jinasāsanaṁ
patiṭṭhāpetha tumhe,” ti pañca There apesayi. [9]

he sent these five Elders, saying: “You must establish in the pleasant Island of Laṅkā the pleasant Dispensation of the Victor.”