SN 5. Bhikkhunīsaṁyuttaṁ
The Thematic Discourses about Nuns

7. Upacālāsuttaṁ
The Discourse about Upacālā

168. Evaṁ me sutaṁ:
Thus I have heard:

ekaṁ samayaṁ Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaṁ viharati
at one time the Gracious One was dwelling near Sāvatthī

Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.
at Anāthapiṇḍika's grounds in Jeta's Wood.

Atha kho Upacālā bhikkhunī, pubbaṇhasamayaṁ nivāsetvā,
Then the nun Upacālā, having dressed in the morning time,

pattacīvaram-ādāya, Sāvatthiṁ piṇḍāya pāvisi.
after picking up her bowl and robe, was entering Sāvatthī for alms.

Sāvatthiyaṁ piṇḍāya caritvā, pacchābhattaṁ piṇḍapātapaṭikkantā,
After walking for alms in Sāvatthī, and returning from the alms-round after the meal,

yena Andhavanaṁ tenupasaṅkami divāvihārāya,
she approached the Blind Man's Wood to pass the day,

Andhavanaṁ ajjhogahetvā,
and having entered Blind Man's Wood,

aññatarasmiṁ rukkhamūle divāvihāraṁ nisīdi.
she sat down at the root of a certain tree to pass the day.

Atha kho Māro Pāpimā yena Upacālā bhikkhunī tenupasaṅkami,
Then the Wicked Māra approached the nun Upacālā,

upasaṅkamitvā Upacālaṁ bhikkhuniṁ etad-avoca:
and after approaching he said this to the nun Upacālā:

“Kattha nu tvaṁ, bhikkhuni, uppajjitukāmā?” ti
“Where would you, nun, like to be reborn?”

“Na khvāhaṁ, āvuso, katthaci uppajjitukāmā.” ti
“There is nowhere, friend, I would like to be reborn.”

 

“Tāvatiṁsā ca Yāmā ca, Tusitā cāpi devatā,
“The Thirty-Three gods, the Restrained gods, also the Satisfied gods,

Nimmānaratino devā, ye devā Vasavattino,
Those gods who delight in creation, those gods who are Wielding Power,

Tattha cittaṁ paṇidhehi, ratiṁ paccanubhossasī.” ti
To those places direct your mind, there you will experience delight.”

 

“Tāvatiṁsā ca Yāmā ca, Tusitā cāpi devatā,
“The Thirty-Three gods, the Restrained gods, also the Satisfied gods,

Nimmānaratino devā, ye devā Vasavattino,
Those gods who delight in creation, those gods who are Wielding Power,

Kāmabandhanabaddhā te enti Māravasaṁ puna.
Those bound by sensual-bondage come to Māra's power again. Comm: enti Māravasaṁ punā ti punappunaṁ Maraṇamārakilesamāradevaputtamārānaṁ vasaṁ āgacchanti; come to Māra's power again means again and again they come under the power of Māra as death, Māra as defilements, Māra (personified) as the godly son.01

Sabbo ādīpito loko, sabbo loko padhūpito,
The whole of the world is in flames, the whole of the world is blazing, Comm: padhūpito ti santāpito; blazing means burning.02

Sabbo pajjalito loko, sabbo loko pakampito.
The whole of the world is burning, the whole of the world is shaking.

Akampitaṁ ajalitaṁ, aputhujjanasevitaṁ,
Not shaken, not burning, not associating with worldly folk,

Agati yattha Mārassa: tattha me nirato mano.” ti
Not going back to Māra's (realm): Comm: agati yattha Mārassā ti yattha tuyhaṁ Mārassa agati; not going back to Māra's (realm) means you are not going back to that place where Māra is.03 (for) there Comm: tatthā ti tasmiṁ Nibbāne; there means in that place, in Emacipation. This seems a little awkward, presumably she means to say: having attained Emacipation my mind does not delight in Māra's realm.04 my mind does not delight.”

 

Atha kho Māro Pāpimā: “Jānāti maṁ Upacālā bhikkhunī!” ti
Then the Wicked Māra (thought): “The nun Upacālā knows me!”

dukkhī dummano tatthevantaradhāyī ti.
and pained and depressed he vanished right there.