2-4: U-kāranta-itthiliṅgo - yāgu
2-4: Feminine Gender with -u at the end - yāgu

 

U-kāranta-itthiliṅgo yāgu-saddo vuccate
The Feminine Gender with -u at the end
is illustrated with the declinable word yāgu Similarly declined are: dhātu, dhenu, vijju, kacchu, daddu, etc. etc.01

 

Abstract:

 

singular:
 
plural:
 
case:
 
-u -uyo -ū nomimative - paṭhamā
-u -uyo -ū vocative - (paṭhamā)
-uṁ -uyo -ū accusative - dutiyā
-uyā -ūhi -ūbhi instrumental - tatiyā
-uyā -ūnaṁ dative - catutthī
-uyā -ūhi -ūbhi ablative - pañcamī
-uyā -ūnaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
-uyaṁ -uyā -ūsu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences:

 

Yāgu paccate Yaññadattena (nom. sing.)
Rice-gruel was cooked by Yaññadatta

 

Yāguyo paccante Yaññadattehi (nom. plur.)
Yāgū paccante Yaññadattehi

Rice-gruel Gruel is an uncountable noun in English, and therefore has no separate plural form.02 was cooked by the Yaññadattas

 

Bho yāgu! Tvaṁ pana khudaṁ bhaṇa (voc. sing.)
Good rice-gruel! You must address yourself to hunger

 

Bho yāguyo! Tumhe khudaṁ bhaṇatha (voc. plur.)
Bho yāgū! Tumhe khudaṁ bhaṇatha

Good rice-gruel! You must address yourselves to hunger

 

Yāguṁ pibati yo koci jano (acc. sing.)
There is some person who drinks the rice-gruel

 

Yāguyo pibanti ye keci janā (acc. plur.)
Yāgū pibanti ye keci janā

There are some who drink rice-gruel

 

Yāguyā pana udaraggi upakaroti (agent. inst. sing.)
The digestive faculty is assisted by the rice-gruel

 

Yāgūhi pana udaraggī upakaronti (agent. inst. plur.)
The digestive faculty is assisted by rice-gruel

 

Yāguyā koci rogo vupasammati (inst. sing.)
Any disease is (= can be) appeased by rice-gruel

 

Yāgūhi keci rogā vupasammanti (inst. plur.)
Any diseases are (= can be) appeased by rice-gruel

 

Yāguyā pana lavaṇaṁ dadāti sūdo (dat. sing.)
The cook adds salt to the rice-gruel

 

Yāgūnaṁ lavaṇāni dadanti sūdā (dat. plur.)
The cooks add salt to the rice-gruel

 

Yāguyā kho pana dhūmo apeti (abl. sing.)
Steam rises from the rice-gruel

 

Yāgūhi kho pana dhūmā apenti (abl. plur.)
Steam rises from rice-gruel

 

Yāguyā kho pana uṇho vijjati (gen. sing.)
The rice-gruel is hot

 

Yāgūnaṁ kho pana uṇhā vijjanti (gen. plur.)
Rice-gruel is hot

 

Yāguyaṁ pana sitthāni honti (loc. sing.)
Yāguyā pana sitthāni honti

There are grains of boiled rice in the rice-gruel

 

Yāgūsu pana sitthāni honti (loc. plur.)
There are grains of boiled rice in rice-gruel

 

Iti Catuttho Pāṭho
Such is the Fourth Lesson