5-25: Sabbanāmarūpāni - eka
5-25: Forms of the Pronoun - eka

 

Sabbanāmarūpāni eka-saddo vuccante
Now the forms of the Pronoun
are illustrated with the declineable word eka Eka in the singular is a number, and will be illustrated in the next Chapter; in the plural eka itself takes on a pronominal sense, as will be seen from the examples below.01

 

Abstract:

 

plural only: case:
 
eke nomimative - paṭhamā
eke accusative - dutiyā
ekehi ekebhi instrumental - tatiyā
ekesaṁ ekesānaṁ dative - catutthī
ekehi ekebhi ablative - pañcamī
ekesaṁ ekesānaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
ekesu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences (masculine):

 

Eke purisā Devadattaṁ odanaṁ pācenti (nom. plur.)
Some men cooked Devadatta's rice

 

Eke sisse Dhammaṁ pāṭhenti ācariyā (acc. plur.)
The teachers instruct some students in the Dhamma

 

Ekehi garūhi sisso Dhammaṁ bodhāpito (agent. inst. plur.)
The student was made to understand the Dhamma by some teachers

 

Ekehi garūhi antevāsikā sukhī jātā (inst. plur.)
Because of some teachers the pupils became happy

 

Ekesaṁ garūnaṁ sakkāraṁ karonti sissā (dat. plur.)
Ekesānaṁ garūnaṁ sakkāraṁ karonti sissā

The students pay respects to some teachers

 

Ekehi garūhi sikkhaṁ gaṇhanti sissā (abl. plur.)
The students received their training from some teachers

 

Ekesaṁ garūnaṁ kho pana guṇaghoso hoti (gen. plur.)
Ekesānaṁ garūnaṁ kho pana guṇaghoso hoti

Some teachers' virtue is voiced abraod

 

Ekesu garūsu pana sissā pasīdanti (loc. plur.)
The students have confidence is some teachers

 

Abstract:

 

plural only: case:
 
ekā ekāyo nomimative - paṭhamā
ekā ekāyo accusative - dutiyā
ekāhi ekābhi instrumental - tatiyā
ekāsaṁ ekāsānaṁ dative - catutthī
ekāhi ekābhi ablative - pañcamī
ekesaṁ ekesānaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
ekāsu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences (feminine):

 

Ekā kaññāyo Devadattaṁ kambalaṁ yācante (nom. plur.)
Ekāyo kaññāyo Devadattaṁ kambalaṁ yācante

Some girls ask for Devadatta's blanket

 

Ekā kaññāyo odanaṁ pācāpayanti purisā (acc. plur.)
Ekāyo kaññāyo odanaṁ pācāpayanti purisā

The men make some girls cook rice

 

Ekāhi kaññāhi odano pacitvā bhutto (agent. inst. plur.)
Having cooked the rice it is eaten by some girls

 

Ekāhi kaññāhi sukhaṁ pāpuṇanti ekacce (inst. plur.)
Because of some girls some people attain happiness

 

Ekāsaṁ kaññānaṁ ābharaṇāni denti purisā (dat. plur.)
Ekāsānaṁ kaññānaṁ ābharaṇāni denti purisā

The men give ornaments to some girls

 

Ekāhi kaññāhi bhayāni uppajjanti sīlavataṁ (abl. plur.)
For the virtuous fears arise from some girls

 

Ekāsaṁ kaññānaṁ pana vatthābharaṇāni honti (gen. plur.)
Ekāsānaṁ kaññānaṁ pana vatthābharaṇāni honti

These are some girls' clothes and ornaments

 

Ekāsu kaññāsu ye keci pasīdanti (loc. plur.)
Some have confidence in some girls

 

Abstract:

 

plural only: case:
 
ekāni nomimative - paṭhamā
ekāni accusative - dutiyā
ekehi ekebhi instrumental - tatiyā
ekesaṁ ekesānaṁ dative - catutthī
ekehi ekebhi ablative - pañcamī
ekesaṁ ekesānaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
ekesu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences (neuter):

 

Ekāni kulāni bahuṁ puññaṁ pasavanti (nom. plur.)
Some families accumulate abundant merit

 

Ekāni kulāni puññaṁ kārāpeti guṇavā (acc. plur.)
The virtuous man makes some families do a meritorious deed

 

Ekehi kulehi bhikkhū bhattaṁ bhojāpitā (agent. inst. plur.)
The monks are served food by some families

 

Ekehi kulehi sukhaṁ pāpuṇanti bhikkhū (inst. plur.)
Because of some families the monks attain happiness

 

Ekesaṁ kulānaṁ pana usūyanti dujjanā (dat. plur.)
Ekesānaṁ kulānaṁ pana usūyanti dujjanā

Bad persons are jealous of some families

 

Ekehi kulehi ye keci pabbajitā (abl. plur.)
Some are banished from some families

 

Ekesaṁ kulānaṁ pana nāmagottādayo (gen. plur.)
Ekesānaṁ kulānaṁ pana nāmagottādayo

Some families name and lineage and so on

 

Ekesu kulesu ye keci pasīdanti (loc. plur.)
Some have confidence in some families

 

Iti Pañcavīsatimo Pāṭho
Such is the Twenty-Fifth Lesson

Iti Navapadamañjariyā Sabbanāmānaṁ
Such are the Pronouns in the New Collection of Sentences

Pañcamo Paricchedo Samatto
The Fifth Chapter is Complete