6-4: Catu
6-4: Four

 

Abstract:

 

masculine plural:
 
case:
 
cattāro caturo nomimative - paṭhamā
cattāro caturo accusative - dutiyā
catūhi catūbhi instrumental - tatiyā
catunnaṁ dative - catutthī
catūhi catūbhi ablative - pañcamī
catunnaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
catusu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences (masculine):

 

Cattāro Mahārājā rajjaṁ karonti (nom. plur.)
Caturo Mahārājā rajjaṁ karonti

Four Great Kings rule the kingdom

 

Cattāro Mahārāje upagacchati ekacco (acc. plur.)
Caturo Mahārāje upagacchati ekacco

Someone approached the Four Great Kings

 

Catūhi Mahārājehi puññāni karīyante (agent. inst. plur.)
Merit was made by the Four Great Kings

 

Catūhi Mahārājehi jīvanti mahājanā (inst. plur.)
Because of the Four Great Kings the mass of the people live

 

Catunnaṁ Mahārājānaṁ pannākāraṁ denti (dat. plur.)
They gave a gift to the Four Great Kings

 

Catūhi Mahārājehi bhayāni uppajjanti (abl. plur.)
Fears arise from the Four Great Kings

 

Catunnaṁ Mahārājānaṁ ābharaṇaṁ hoti (gen. plur.)
This is the Four Great Kings' ornament

 

Catūsu Mahārājesu pasīdati mahājano (loc. plur.)
The mass of the people have confidence in the Four Great Kings

 

Abstract:

 

feminine plural:
 
case:
 
cattasso nomimative - paṭhamā
cattasso accusative - dutiyā
catūhi catūbhi instrumental - tatiyā
catassannaṁ dative - catutthī
catūhi catūbhi ablative - pañcamī
catassannaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
catusu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences (feminine):

 

Catasso kaññāyo puññāni karonti (nom. plur.)
The four girls make merit

 

Catasso kaññāyo puññāni kārāpeti (acc. plur.)
He had the four girls make merit

 

Catūhi kaññāhi Saṅgho bhattaṁ bhojāpito (agent. inst. plur.)
The Saṅgha was served food by the four girls

 

Catūhi kaññāhi vadhaṁ pāpuṇanti purisā (inst. plur.)
Because of the four girls the men were punished

 

Catassannaṁ kaññānaṁ ābharaṇāni denti (dat. plur.)
They gave ornaments to the four girls

 

Catūhi kaññāhi ayaṁ kaññā adhikā (abl. plur.)
This girl is superior to the (other) four girls

 

Catassannaṁ kaññānaṁ ābharaṇaṁ hoti (gen. plur.)
This is the four girls' ornament

 

Catūsu kaññāsu pasīdati ekacco puriso (loc. plur.)
Some man has confidence in the four girls

 

Abstract:

 

neuter plural:
 
case:
 
cattāri nomimative - paṭhamā
cattāri accusative - dutiyā
catūhi catūbhi instrumental - tatiyā
catunnaṁ dative - catutthī
catūhi catūbhi ablative - pañcamī
catunnaṁ genitive - chaṭṭhī
catusu locative - sattamī

 

Sentences (neuter):

 

Cattāri kulāni bahuṁ puññaṁ karonti (nom. plur.)
Four families make abundant merit

 

Cattāri kulāni upagacchanti ekacce (acc. plur.)
Some approach the four families

 

Catūhi kulehi vihāro kārāpīyate (agent. inst. plur.)
The monastery was made by the four families

 

Catūhi kulehi jīvanti ekacce purisā (inst. plur.)
Because of the four families some men live

 

Catunnaṁ kulānaṁ sakkāraṁ karonti (dat. plur.)
They pay respects to the four families

 

Catūhi kulehi apenti ekacce (abl. plur.)
Some depart from the four families

 

Catunnaṁ kulānaṁ nāmagottādayo (gen. plur.)
The four families name and lineage and so on

 

Catusu kulesu pasīdati mahājano (loc. plur.)
The mass of the people have faith in the four families

 

Iti Catuttho Pāṭho
Such is the Fourth Lesson