02: Hetucatukkaṁ
The Roots Tetrad

[244]

Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhāro avijjāhetuko,
With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process rooted in ignorance, The comm. explains that this part of the roots tetrad is being shown by way of non-disappearance condition (avigatapaccaya), and a (volitional) process always has ignorance as its condition, and so on with the others; when we come to continuation (bhava) it doesn't have attachment (upādāna) as a non-disappearance condition therefore it is stated differently, and the same with the rest of the series from that point onwards.01

saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ saṅkhārahetukaṁ,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness rooted in a (volitional) process,

viññāṇapaccayā nāmaṁ viññāṇahetukaṁ,
with consciousness as condition: mind rooted in consciousness,

nāmapaccayā chaṭṭhāyatanaṁ nāmahetukaṁ,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere rooted in mind,

chaṭṭhāyatanapaccayā phasso chaṭṭhāyatanahetuko,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact rooted in the sixth sense sphere,

phassapaccayā vedanā phassahetukā,
with contact as condition: feeling rooted in contact,

vedanāpaccayā taṇhā vedanāhetukā,
with feeling as condition: craving rooted in feeling,

taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ taṇhāhetukaṁ,
with craving as condition: attachment rooted in craving,

upādānapaccayā bhavo,
with attachment as condition: continuation,

bhavapaccayā jāti,
with continuation as condition: birth,

jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,

evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhāro avijjāhetuko,
With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process rooted in ignorance,

saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ saṅkhārahetukaṁ,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness rooted in a (volitional) process,

viññāṇapaccayā nāmaṁ viññāṇahetukaṁ,
with consciousness as condition: mind rooted in consciousness,

nāmapaccayā phasso nāmahetuko,
with mind as condition: contact rooted in mind,

phassapaccayā vedanā phassahetukā,
with contact as condition: feeling rooted in contact,

vedanāpaccayā taṇhā vedanāhetukā,
with feeling as condition: craving rooted in feeling,

taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ taṇhāhetukaṁ,
with craving as condition: attachment rooted in craving,

upādānapaccayā bhavo,
with attachment as condition: continuation,

bhavapaccayā jāti,
with continuation as condition: birth,

jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,

evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhāro avijjāhetuko,
With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process rooted in ignorance,

saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ saṅkhārahetukaṁ,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness rooted in a (volitional) process,

viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ viññāṇahetukaṁ,
with consciousness as condition: mind and bodily form rooted in consciousness,

nāmarūpapaccayā chaṭṭhāyatanaṁ nāmarūpahetukaṁ,
with mind and bodily form as condition: the sixth sense sphere rooted in mind and bodily form,

chaṭṭhāyatanapaccayā phasso chaṭṭhāyatanahetuko,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact rooted in the sixth sense sphere,

phassapaccayā vedanā phassahetukā,
with contact as condition: feeling rooted in contact,

vedanāpaccayā taṇhā vedanāhetukā,
with feeling as condition: craving rooted in feeling,

taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ taṇhāhetukaṁ,
with craving as condition: attachment rooted in craving,

upādānapaccayā bhavo,
with attachment as condition: continuation,

bhavapaccayā jāti,
with continuation as condition: birth,

jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,

evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhāro avijjāhetuko,
With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process rooted in ignorance,

saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ saṅkhārahetukaṁ,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness rooted in a (volitional) process,

viññāṇapaccayā nāmarūpaṁ viññāṇahetukaṁ,
with consciousness as condition: mind and bodily form rooted in consciousness,

nāmarūpapaccayā saḷāyatanaṁ nāmarūpahetukaṁ,
with mind and bodily form as condition: the six sense spheres rooted in mind and bodily form,

chaṭṭhāyatanapaccayā phasso chaṭṭhāyatanahetuko,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact rooted in the sixth sense sphere,

phassapaccayā vedanā phassahetukā,
with contact as condition: feeling rooted in contact,

vedanāpaccayā taṇhā vedanāhetukā,
with feeling as condition: craving rooted in feeling,

taṇhāpaccayā upādānaṁ taṇhāhetukaṁ,
with craving as condition: attachment rooted in craving,

upādānapaccayā bhavo,
with attachment as condition: continuation,

bhavapaccayā jāti,
with continuation as condition: birth,

jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇaṁ,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,

evam-etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

Hetucatukkaṁ
The Roots Tetrad