[02: Dutiyanayo]
[The Second Method]

 

[380]

Cattāro Satipaṭṭhānā:
Four Ways of Attending to Mindfulness:

Idha bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati,
Here a monk dwells contemplating (the nature of) the body in the body,

vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati,
he dwells contemplating (the nature of) feelings in feelings,

citte cittānupassī viharati,
he dwells contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind,

dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati.
he dwells contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things.

 

[381]

Kathañ-ca bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati?
And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the body in the body?

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṁ samaye lokuttaraṁ jhānaṁ bhāveti,
Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, In the second Method the opening structure is similar to what we had in the first, but this section enumerates the mental factors (cetasika) that are present and absent in the mind at that time are enumerated.01

niyyānikaṁ apacayagāmiṁ,
which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth),

diṭṭhigatānaṁ pahānāya, paṭhamāya bhūmiyā pattiyā,
to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground,

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ,
with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge,

tasmiṁ samaye phasso hoti, ...pe...vedanā hoti, saññā hoti,
and at that time there is contact, ...pe...there is feeling, there is perception, Consciousness (viññāṇā) is covered by contact, and saṅkhāra are covered in the next line.02

cetanā hoti, cittaṁ hoti,
there is intention, there is thought,

vitakko hoti, vicāro hoti, pīti hoti, sukhaṁ hoti, cittassekaggatā hoti,
there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind, It is a development in the Abhidhamma that in its standard description of the factors in the first absorption (see Jhānavibhaṅga, Vibh. 12, Abhidhammabhājanīyaṁ) it adds one-pointedness of mind to the factors of thinking, reflection, joyful interest and happiness which are enumerated in the discourse description of the state just listed above. Evidently there must be concentration, but one-pointedness of mind is something different.03

Saddhindriyaṁ hoti, Viriyindriyaṁ hoti, Satindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness,

Samādhindriyaṁ hoti, Paññindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom, These are the five faculties (pañcindriyāni) as they are found grouped together in the teachings, and are listed as part of the thirty-seven Things on the Side of Awakening (Bodhipakkhiyadhammā). The faculties that follow are of a different order altogether as they are not ethical qualities, but have been grouped together with the preceding in the Abhidhamma through word collocation.04

manindriyaṁ hoti, somanassindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty,

jīvitindriyaṁ hoti, anaññātaññassāmītindriyaṃ hoti,
there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, Sammāsaṅkappo hoti, Sammāvācā hoti, Sammākammanto hoti,
there is Right View, there is Right Thought, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action,

Sammā-ājīvo hoti, Sammāvāyāmo hoti, Sammāsati hoti, Sammāsamādhi hoti,
there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration,

Saddhābalaṁ hoti, Viriyabalaṁ hoti, Satibalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness,

Samādhibalaṁ hoti, Paññābalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom, These are the five strengths (pañca bala), the two that follow form another group and are included here through word collocation. They are mentioned again just below.05

hiribalaṁ hoti, ottappabalaṁ hoti,
there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame,

alobho hoti, adoso hoti, amoho hoti, anabhijjhā hoti, abyāpādo hoti,
there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, hirī hoti, ottappaṁ hoti,
there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame, All three of which have been mentioned previously in the list, albeit the last two were there given as strengths.06

kāyapassaddhi hoti, cittapassaddhi hoti,
there is bodily calm, there is mental calm. These, and the similar one that follow, are mental concomitants that are present during any wholesome consciousness.07

kāyalahutā hoti, cittalahutā hoti,
there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness,

kāyamudutā hoti, cittamudutā hoti,
there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity,

kāyakammaññatā hoti, cittakammaññatā hoti,
there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness,

kāyapāguññatā hoti, cittapāguññatā hoti,
there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency,

kāyujukatā hoti, cittujukatā hoti,
there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness,

sati hoti, sampajaññaṁ hoti, samatho hoti, vipassanā hoti,
there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight,

paggāho hoti, avikkhepo hoti:
there is support, there is balance:

ime dhammā kusalā.
these are wholesome things.

 

Tasseva lokuttarassa kusalassa jhānassa katattā bhāvitattā vipākaṁ,
For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that),

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ suññataṁ kāye kāyānupassī,
and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness Although no ellipsis passage is marked here the commentary indicates that the same method applies also to the other liberations (vimokkha): desirelessness (appaṇihitaṁ) and the signless (animittaṁ).08 he contemplates (the nature of) the body in the body,

 

yā tasmiṁ samaye sati anussati Sammāsati Satisambojjhaṅgo,
and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening,

Maggaṅgaṁ Maggapariyāpannaṁ:
the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path:

idaṁ vuccati “satipaṭṭhānaṁ.’
this is said to be “attending to mindfulness.’

Avasesā dhammā satipaṭṭhānasampayuttā.
(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[382]

Kathañ-ca bhikkhu vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati?
And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the feelings in the feelings?

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṁ samaye lokuttaraṁ jhānaṁ bhāveti,
Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption,

niyyānikaṁ apacayagāmiṁ,
which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth),

diṭṭhigatānaṁ pahānāya, paṭhamāya bhūmiyā pattiyā,
to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground,

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ,
with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge,

tasmiṁ samaye phasso hoti, ...pe...vedanā hoti, saññā hoti,
and at that time there is contact, ...pe...there is feeling, there is perception,

cetanā hoti, cittaṁ hoti,
there is intention, there is thought,

vitakko hoti, vicāro hoti, pīti hoti, sukhaṁ hoti, cittassekaggatā hoti,
there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind,

Saddhindriyaṁ hoti, Viriyindriyaṁ hoti, Satindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness,

Samādhindriyaṁ hoti, Paññindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom,

manindriyaṁ hoti, somanassindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty,

jīvitindriyaṁ hoti, anaññātaññassāmītindriyaṃ hoti,
there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, Sammāsaṅkappo hoti, Sammāvācā hoti, Sammākammanto hoti,
there is Right View, there is Right Thought, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action,

Sammā-ājīvo hoti, Sammāvāyāmo hoti, Sammāsati hoti, Sammāsamādhi hoti,
there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration,

Saddhābalaṁ hoti, Viriyabalaṁ hoti, Satibalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness,

Samādhibalaṁ hoti, Paññābalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom,

hiribalaṁ hoti, ottappabalaṁ hoti,
there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame,

alobho hoti, adoso hoti, amoho hoti, anabhijjhā hoti, abyāpādo hoti,
there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, hirī hoti, ottappaṁ hoti,
there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame,

kāyapassaddhi hoti, cittapassaddhi hoti,
there is bodily calm, there is mental calm,

kāyalahutā hoti, cittalahutā hoti,
there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness,

kāyamudutā hoti, cittamudutā hoti,
there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity,

kāyakammaññatā hoti, cittakammaññatā hoti,
there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness,

kāyapāguññatā hoti, cittapāguññatā hoti,
there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency,

kāyujukatā hoti, cittujukatā hoti,
there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness,

sati hoti, sampajaññaṁ hoti, samatho hoti, vipassanā hoti,
there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight,

paggāho hoti, avikkhepo hoti:
there is support, there is balance:

ime dhammā kusalā.
these are wholesome things.

 

Tasseva lokuttarassa kusalassa jhānassa katattā bhāvitattā vipākaṁ,
For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that),

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ suññataṁ vedanāsu vedanānupassī,
and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness he contemplates (the nature of) the feelings in the feelings,

yā tasmiṁ samaye sati anussati Sammāsati Satisambojjhaṅgo,
and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening,

Maggaṅgaṁ Maggapariyāpannaṁ:
the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path:

idaṁ vuccati ‘satipaṭṭhānaṁ.”
this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.”

Avasesā dhammā satipaṭṭhānasampayuttā.
(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[383]

Kathañ-ca bhikkhu citte cittānupassī viharati?
And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind?

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṁ samaye lokuttaraṁ jhānaṁ bhāveti,
Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption,

niyyānikaṁ apacayagāmiṁ,
which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth),

diṭṭhigatānaṁ pahānāya, paṭhamāya bhūmiyā pattiyā,
to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground,

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ,
with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge,

tasmiṁ samaye phasso hoti, ...pe...vedanā hoti, saññā hoti,
and at that time there is contact, ...pe...there is feeling, there is perception,

cetanā hoti, cittaṁ hoti,
there is intention, there is thought,

vitakko hoti, vicāro hoti, pīti hoti, sukhaṁ hoti, cittassekaggatā hoti,
there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind,

Saddhindriyaṁ hoti, Viriyindriyaṁ hoti, Satindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness,

Samādhindriyaṁ hoti, Paññindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom,

manindriyaṁ hoti, somanassindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty,

jīvitindriyaṁ hoti, anaññātaññassāmītindriyaṃ hoti,
there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, Sammāsaṅkappo hoti, Sammāvācā hoti, Sammākammanto hoti,
there is Right View, there is Right Thought, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action,

Sammā-ājīvo hoti, Sammāvāyāmo hoti, Sammāsati hoti, Sammāsamādhi hoti,
there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration,

Saddhābalaṁ hoti, Viriyabalaṁ hoti, Satibalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness,

Samādhibalaṁ hoti, Paññābalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom,

hiribalaṁ hoti, ottappabalaṁ hoti,
there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame,

alobho hoti, adoso hoti, amoho hoti, anabhijjhā hoti, abyāpādo hoti,
there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, hirī hoti, ottappaṁ hoti,
there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame,

kāyapassaddhi hoti, cittapassaddhi hoti,
there is bodily calm, there is mental calm,

kāyalahutā hoti, cittalahutā hoti,
there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness,

kāyamudutā hoti, cittamudutā hoti,
there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity,

kāyakammaññatā hoti, cittakammaññatā hoti,
there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness,

kāyapāguññatā hoti, cittapāguññatā hoti,
there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency,

kāyujukatā hoti, cittujukatā hoti,
there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness,

sati hoti, sampajaññaṁ hoti, samatho hoti, vipassanā hoti,
there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight,

paggāho hoti, avikkhepo hoti:
there is support, there is balance:

ime dhammā kusalā.
these are wholesome things.

 

Tasseva lokuttarassa kusalassa jhānassa katattā bhāvitattā vipākaṁ,
For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that),

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ suññataṁ citte cittānupassī,
and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness he contemplates (the nature of) the mind in the mind,

yā tasmiṁ samaye sati anussati Sammāsati Satisambojjhaṅgo,
and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening,

Maggaṅgaṁ Maggapariyāpannaṁ:
the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path:

idaṁ vuccati “satipaṭṭhānaṁ.”
this is said to be “attending to mindfulness.”

Avasesā dhammā satipaṭṭhānasampayuttā.
(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[384]

Kathañ-ca bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati?
And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things?

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṁ samaye lokuttaraṁ jhānaṁ bhāveti,
Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption,

niyyānikaṁ apacayagāmiṁ,
which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth),

diṭṭhigatānaṁ pahānāya, paṭhamāya bhūmiyā pattiyā,
to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground,

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ,
with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge,

tasmiṁ samaye phasso hoti, ...pe...vedanā hoti, saññā hoti,
and at that time there is contact, ...pe...there is feeling, there is perception,

cetanā hoti, cittaṁ hoti,
there is intention, there is thought,

vitakko hoti, vicāro hoti, pīti hoti, sukhaṁ hoti, cittassekaggatā hoti,
there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind,

Saddhindriyaṁ hoti, Viriyindriyaṁ hoti, Satindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness,

Samādhindriyaṁ hoti, Paññindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom,

manindriyaṁ hoti, somanassindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty,

jīvitindriyaṁ hoti, anaññātaññassāmītindriyaṃ hoti,
there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, Sammāsaṅkappo hoti, Sammāvācā hoti, Sammākammanto hoti,
there is Right View, there is Right Thought, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action,

Sammā-ājīvo hoti, Sammāvāyāmo hoti, Sammāsati hoti, Sammāsamādhi hoti,
there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration,

Saddhābalaṁ hoti, Viriyabalaṁ hoti, Satibalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness,

Samādhibalaṁ hoti, Paññābalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom,

hiribalaṁ hoti, ottappabalaṁ hoti,
there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame,

alobho hoti, adoso hoti, amoho hoti, anabhijjhā hoti, abyāpādo hoti,
there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, hirī hoti, ottappaṁ hoti,
there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame,

kāyapassaddhi hoti, cittapassaddhi hoti,
there is bodily calm, there is mental calm,

kāyalahutā hoti, cittalahutā hoti,
there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness,

kāyamudutā hoti, cittamudutā hoti,
there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity,

kāyakammaññatā hoti, cittakammaññatā hoti,
there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness,

kāyapāguññatā hoti, cittapāguññatā hoti,
there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency,

kāyujukatā hoti, cittujukatā hoti,
there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness,

sati hoti, sampajaññaṁ hoti, samatho hoti, vipassanā hoti,
there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight,

paggāho hoti, avikkhepo hoti:
there is support, there is balance:

ime dhammā kusalā.
these are wholesome things.

 

Tasseva lokuttarassa kusalassa jhānassa katattā bhāvitattā vipākaṁ,
For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that),

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ suññataṁ dhammesu dhammānupassī,
and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness he contemplates (the nature of) things in (various) things,

yā tasmiṁ samaye sati anussati Sammāsati Satisambojjhaṅgo,
and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening,

Maggaṅgaṁ Maggapariyāpannaṁ:
the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path:

idaṁ vuccati “satipaṭṭhānaṁ.”
this is said to be “attending to mindfulness.”

Avasesā dhammā satipaṭṭhānasampayuttā.
(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[385]

Tattha katamaṁ satipaṭṭhānaṁ?
What herein are the ways of attending to mindfulness?

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṁ samaye lokuttaraṁ jhānaṁ bhāveti,
Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption,

niyyānikaṁ apacayagāmiṁ,
which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth),

diṭṭhigatānaṁ pahānāya, paṭhamāya bhūmiyā pattiyā,
to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground,

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ,
with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge,

tasmiṁ samaye phasso hoti, ...pe...vedanā hoti, saññā hoti,
and at that time there is contact, ...pe...there is feeling, there is perception,

cetanā hoti, cittaṁ hoti,
there is intention, there is thought,

vitakko hoti, vicāro hoti, pīti hoti, sukhaṁ hoti, cittassekaggatā hoti,
there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind,

Saddhindriyaṁ hoti, Viriyindriyaṁ hoti, Satindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness,

Samādhindriyaṁ hoti, Paññindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom,

manindriyaṁ hoti, somanassindriyaṁ hoti,
there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty,

jīvitindriyaṁ hoti, anaññātaññassāmītindriyaṃ hoti,
there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, Sammāsaṅkappo hoti, Sammāvācā hoti, Sammākammanto hoti,
there is Right View, there is Right Thought, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action,

Sammā-ājīvo hoti, Sammāvāyāmo hoti, Sammāsati hoti, Sammāsamādhi hoti,
there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration,

Saddhābalaṁ hoti, Viriyabalaṁ hoti, Satibalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness,

Samādhibalaṁ hoti, Paññābalaṁ hoti,
there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom,

hiribalaṁ hoti, ottappabalaṁ hoti,
there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame,

alobho hoti, adoso hoti, amoho hoti, anabhijjhā hoti, abyāpādo hoti,
there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will,

Sammādiṭṭhi hoti, hirī hoti, ottappaṁ hoti,
there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame,

kāyapassaddhi hoti, cittapassaddhi hoti,
there is bodily calm, there is mental calm,

kāyalahutā hoti, cittalahutā hoti,
there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness,

kāyamudutā hoti, cittamudutā hoti,
there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity,

kāyakammaññatā hoti, cittakammaññatā hoti,
there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness,

kāyapāguññatā hoti, cittapāguññatā hoti,
there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency,

kāyujukatā hoti, cittujukatā hoti,
there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness,

sati hoti, sampajaññaṁ hoti, samatho hoti, vipassanā hoti,
there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight,

paggāho hoti, avikkhepo hoti:
there is support, there is balance:

ime dhammā kusalā.
these are wholesome things.

 

Tasseva lokuttarassa kusalassa jhānassa katattā bhāvitattā vipākaṁ,
For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that),

vivicceva kāmehi, ...pe...vivicca akusalehi dhammehi,
(where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe...secluded from unwholesome things,

savitakkaṁ, savicāraṁ, vivekajaṁ pītisukhaṁ,
having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion,

paṭhamaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati,
he dwells, having attained the first absorption,

dukkhapaṭipadaṁ dandhābhiññaṁ suññataṁ,
with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates emptiness,

yā tasmiṁ samaye sati anussati Sammāsati Satisambojjhaṅgo,
and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening,

Maggaṅgaṁ Maggapariyāpannaṁ:
the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path:

idaṁ vuccati “satipaṭṭhānaṁ.”
this is said to be “attending to mindfulness.”

Avasesā dhammā satipaṭṭhānasampayuttā.
(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

Abhidhammabhājanīyaṁ
The Section Derived from the Abstract Teaching