Gaṇacchandas (Āryā, Ariya) Tables

 

As stated in the Mātrācchandas section in the gaṇacchandas metres a gaṇa is made up of 4 mātrā, and can therefore be any one of the following shapes:

  1. −−   (sarvaguru)
  2. ⏑⏑−   (sagaṇa)
  3. ⏑−⏑   (jagaṇa)
  4. −⏑⏑   (bhagaṇa)
  5. ⏑⏑⏑⏑   (sarvalaghu)

but in the definitions of the Gaṇaccchandas metres allowed for in the prosodies, not every gaṇa can contain each of these shapes; so e.g. jagaṇa (⏑−⏑) cannot appear in the odd-numbered gaṇa-s. On the other hand in the 6th gaṇa only jagaṇa, sarvalaghu, or a single laghu can appear; and in the 8th gaṇa the line is normally a single heavy syllable, but occasionally it is taken as a full gaṇa, and is then either sagaṇa (⏑⏑−) or sarvaguru (−−).

When we take these factors into consideration then we can outline the various shapes that the metres can contain in each gaṇa like this:

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

7th

8th

−−
⏑⏑−
⏑⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑

−−
⏑⏑−
⏑−⏑
−⏑⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑

−−
⏑⏑−
⏑⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑

−−
⏑⏑−
⏑−⏑
−⏑⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑

−−
⏑⏑−
⏑⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑


⏑−⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑

−−
⏑⏑−
−⏑⏑

⏑⏑⏑⏑


−−
⏑⏑−

When drawing up the tables for the Gaṇacchandas metres these restrictions have to be borne in mind.