Three: The Mixing of Metres

 

3.2 Tuṭṭhubha, Jagatī and their derivatives

We saw in 2.6 above that although both Tuṭṭhubha and Jagatī exist as independent metres in their own right, and are used as such frequently, nevertheless the metres are commonly mixed, as a line in Jagatī metre was generally considered acceptable in what is otherwise a Tuṭṭhubha verse (and visa versa). For a good example of this see Ratanasutta Sn II:1 (see 2.7 above).

This characteristic continues even when the metres have achieved their fixed forms as Upajāti and Vaṁsaṭṭhā, as can be seen e.g. in Tālaputta's gāthas Th 1091-1145, where the metres are used both independently and in combination.

Example from Agāriyavimānaṁ (Vv 65, vs 1-2):   

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Vaṁsaṭṭhā
Yathā vanaṁ Cittalataṁ pabhāsati,

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Vaṁsaṭṭhā
uyyānaseṭṭhaṁ tidasānam-uttamaṁ,

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Upajāti
tathūpamaṁ tuyham-idaṁ vimānaṁ

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Upajāti
obhāsayaṁ tiṭṭhati antalikkhe.

 

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Upajāti
Deviddhipattosi mahānubhāvo,

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Upajāti
manussabhūto kim-akāsi puññaṁ?

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Upajāti
Kenāsi evaṁ jalitānubhāvo

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Vaṁsaṭṭhā
vaṇṇo ca te sabbadisā pabhāsatī? ti

 

Rarely we find Tuṭṭhubha mixed with Mattāchandas lines. Examples: Sn 1:2 vs 18, 19; Ud II:6:   

−−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦−⏑−−   Tuṭṭhubha
Akkhodano vigatakhīloham-asmi, (iti Bhagavā,) For the recitor's remarks, which are hypermetrical, see 1.13 above.01

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−   Opacchandasaka
anutīre Mahiyekarattivāso,

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Vetālīya
vivaṭā kuṭi nibbuto gini,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−   Opacchandasaka
atha ce patthayasī pavassa deva! (Sn 19)