Śrutabodha by Śrīmat Kālidāsa

edited by

Vāsudev Laxmaṇ Shāstrī Paṇśīkar

(Bombay, 1906)

 

[Akṣaracchandas, continued]

 

[Śālinī = 11 syllables]

−−−−−⏑−,−⏑−−
hrasvo varṇo jāyate yatra ṣaṣṭhaḥ
kambugrīve tadvadevāṣṭamāntyaḥ |
viśrāntiḥ viśrāmaḥ.01 syāttanvi vedaisturaṅgais-
tāṁ bhāṣante śālinīṁ chāndasīyāḥ || 18 ||

 

[Dodhaka = 11 syllables]

−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−−,
ādyacaturthamahīnanitambe
saptamakaṁ daśamaṁ ca tathāntyam |
yatra guru prakaṭasmarasāre
tatkathitaṁ nanu dodhakavttam || 19 ||

 

[Indravajrā = 11 syllables]

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,
yasyāstriṣaṭsaptamamakṣaraṁ yasyāṁ [triṣaṭ-].02 syād-
hrasvaṁ sujaṅghe navamaṁ ca tadvat |
gatyā vilajjīktahaṁsakānte
tāmindravajrāṁ bruvate kavīndrāḥ || 20 ||

 

[Upendravajrā = 11 syllables]

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,
yadīndravajrācaraṇeṣu pūrve
bhavanti varṇā laghavaḥ suvarṇe |
amandamādyanmadane tadānīm-
upendravajrā kathitā kavīndraiḥ || 21 ||

 

[Upajāti There are 14 possible types of Upajāti metre having a mixture of Indravajrā and Upendravajrā lines, all of which have been given names. The example verse is a variety called Bhadrā. Upajāti may consist of a mixture of other metres also, including ones that are not 11 syllables in length. So that, for example, we may find a verse consisting of one line each of Indravajrā, Upendravajrā, Vaṁśasthā, & Vasantatilakā - still the verse would be known as Upajāti.03 = 11 syllables]

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,   Indravajrā
yatra dvayorapyanayostu pādā

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,   Upendravajrā
bhavanti sīmantini candrakānte |

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,   Indravajrā
vidvadbhirādyaiḥ parikīrtitā sā

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,      Upendravajrā
prayujyatāmityupajātireṣā || 22 ||

 

[Ākhyānakī Ākhyānakī is normally counted as an Ardhasamavtta, having the structure of Indravajrā in the 1st and 3rd lines, and Upendravajrā in the 2nd and 4th . Here the definition is slightly different with the 1st line being Indravajrā, and the rest are defined as Upendravajrā.04 = 11 syllables]

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,
ākhyānakī sā prakaṭīktārthe

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,
yadīndravajrācaraṇaḥ purastāt |

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,
upendravajrā caraṇāstrayo 'nye

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−−,
manīṣiṇoktā viparītapūrvā P has a note: pūrvā, here, but that is the same as the text, so there must be some mistake.05 || 23 ||

 

[Rathoddhatā = 11 syllables]

−⏑−⏑⏑⏑−⏑−⏑−,
ādyamakṣaramatasttīyakaṁ
saptamaṁ ca navamaṁ tathāntimam |
dīrghamindusakhi yatra jāyate
tāṁ vadanti kavayo rathoddhatām || 24 ||

 

[Svāgatā = 11 syllables]

−⏑−⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑−−,
akṣaraṁ ca navamaṁ daśamaṁ ca cet.06
vyatyayādbhavati yatra vinīte |
prāktanaiḥ sunayane proktameṇanayane. 7 yadi saiva
svāgateti kavibhiḥ kathitāsau || 25 ||

 

[Vaiśvadevī = 12 syllables]

−−−−−,−⏑−−⏑−−
hrasvo varṇaḥ syātsaptamo yatra bāle
tadvadvimboṣṭhi nyasta ekādaśādyaḥ |
bāṇairviśrāmastatra cedvā turaṁgair-
nāmnā nirdiṣṭā subhru sā vaiśvadevī || 26 ||

 

[Toṭaka = 12 syllables]

⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−,
sattīyakaṣaṣṭhamanaṅgarate -anantarate.08
navamaṁ viratiprabhavaṁ guru cet |
ghanapīnapayodharabhāranate
nanu toṭakavttamidaṁ kathitam || 27 ||

 

[Bhujaṅgaprayāta = 12 syllables]

⏑−−⏑−−⏑−−⏑−−,
yadādyaṁ caturthaṁ tathā saptamaṁ syāt- cet.09
tathaivākṣaraṁ hrasvamekādaśādyam |
śaraccandravidveṣivaktrāravinde
taduktaṁ kavīndrairbhujaṅgaprayātam || 28 ||

 

[Drutavilambita = 12 syllables]

⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑−,
ayi kśodari yatra caturthakaṁ
guru ca saptamakaṁ daśamaṁ tathā |
viratigaṁ viratijaṁ.10 ca tathaiva sumadhyame vicakṣaṇaiḥ.11
drutavilambitamityupadiśyate || 29 ||

 

[Pramitākṣarā = 12 syllables]

⏑⏑−⏑−⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑−,
yadi toṭakasya guru pañcamakaṁ
vihitaṁ vilāsini tadakṣarakaṁ |
rasasaṁkhyakaṁ guru na cedabale
pramitākṣareti kavibhiḥ kathitā || 30 ||

 

[Hariṇīplutā = 11 + 12 syllables This is an example of an Ardhasamavtta.12 ]

⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑−¦¦ ⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑−
prathamākṣaramādyattīyayordrutavilambitakasya hi ca.13 pādayoḥ |

⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑⏑−⏑−
yadi nāsti tadā kamalekṣaṇe bhavati sundari sā hariṇīplutā || 31 ||

 

[Vaṁśasthavila = 12 syllables]

⏑−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−⏑−,
upendravajrā caraṇeṣu santi ced- cenna.14
upāntyavarṇā laghavaḥ pare ktāḥ ktāyadā. 15 |
madollasadbhrūjitakāmakārmuke
vadanti vaṁśasthavilaṁ vaṁśasthamidaṁ. Vaṁśastha is, in fact, the more usual name for this metre.16 budhāstadā || 32 ||

 

[Indravaṁśā = 12 syllables]

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−⏑−,
yasyāmaśokāṅkurapāṇipallave
vaṁśasthapādā gurupūrvavarṇakāḥ |
tāruṇyahelāratiraṅgalālase
tāmindravaṁśāṁ kavayaḥ pracakṣate || 33 ||