20: Māgga
Maggavaggo

 

[358 ≈ Dhp 273]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
māggānaṣṭaṁgiko This compound = māggānāṁ aṣṭaṁgiko (of paths [gen.] the eightfold [is best]).01 śreṣṭho saccānāṁ caturo padā |

⏑−−−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
virāgo śreṣṭho dhammāṇāṁ dupadānāṁ ca cakkhumā This verse also opens the Pāḷi Maggavaggo.02 ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
maggānaṭṭhaṅgiko seṭṭho saccānaṁ caturo padā,

⏑−−−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
virāgo seṭṭho dhammānaṁ dipadānañ ca cakkhumā.

 

[359 ≈ Dhp 275cd and 276]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ākkhāto vo mayā māggo aṁñāye śallasaṁsano |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tubbhehi kiccam ātappaṁ akkhātāro tathāgatā |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
paṭipannā pramokkhanti jhāyino mārabaṁdhanā ||

 

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
etaṁ hi tumhe paṭipannā dukkhassantaṁ karissatha,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑−
akkhāto ve mayā maggo aññāya sallasanthanaṁ.

————

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
tumhehi kiccaṁ ātappaṁ akkhātāro tathāgatā,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
paṭipannā pamokkhanti jhāyino mārabandhanā.

 

[360 ≈ Dhp 274 and 275ab]

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
eseva māggo nāstaṁ 'ño Read: nāstaṁño, scribal error.03 daṁśanassa viśuddhiye |

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ māggaṁ paṭipajjahvo mārasse 'sā pramohanī |

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑−−¦¦−−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−   9 syllables
etāhi tubbhe paṭipannā dukkhassa antaṁ kariṣyatha This line has 9 syllables, it can be corrected by reading dukkhassāntaṁ, cf. the Pāḷi verse.04 ||

 

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
eso va maggo natthañño dassanassa visuddhiyā,

−−⏑−−⏑⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− irregular (10 syllables)
etaṁ hi tumhe paṭipajjatha mārassetaṁ pamohanaṁ.

————

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
etaṁ hi tumhe paṭipannā dukkhassantaṁ karissatha,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑−
akkhāto ve mayā maggo aññāya sallasanthanaṁ.

 

[361 ≈ Dhp 283]

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
vanaṁ chindatha mā rukkhe vanāto jāyate bhayaṁ |

−−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
chettā vanañ ca vanadhañ ca nibbanena gamiśśatha ||

 

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
vanaṁ chindatha mā rukkhaṁ vanato jāyatī bhayaṁ,

−−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
chetvā vanañ ca vanathañ ca nibbanā hotha bhikkhavo.

 

[362 ≈ Dhp 284]

−⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑− Vaitālīya x 4
yāvatā vanadho na cchijjati I count cch- as not making position here to give the normal cadence. The opening of this line has one mattā too many, we would need to read yăvatā to correct the metre.05 aṇumātto pi narassa ñātisu |

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
paṭibaddhamano hi tattha so vaccho cchīravako va mātari This and the next 4 verses appear in the same sequence in the Pāḷi Maggavaggo.06 ||

 

−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑− Vetālīya x 4
yāva hi vanatho na chijjati aṇumatto pi narassa nārisu

⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
paṭibaddhamano va tāva so vaccho khīrapako va mātari.

 

[363 ≈ Dhp 285]

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑− Vaitālīya x 4
ucchinna sineham āttano kumudaṁ śāradikaṁ va pāṇinā |

−⏑−⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
śāntimāggam eva byūhaya I count by- as not making position here to give the normal cadence.07 nibbāṇaṁ sugatena deśitaṁ ||

 

−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑− Vetālīya x 4
ucchinda sineham attano kumudaṁ sāradikaṁ va pāṇinā

−⏑−⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦−−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
santimaggam eva brūhaya nibbānaṁ sugatena desitaṁ.

 

[364 ≈ Dhp 286]

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
idaṁ vaśśā kariṣyāmi idaṁ hemaṁna ghmasu |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
iti bālo viciṁteti antarāyaṁ na bujjhati ||

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
idha vassaṁ vasissāmi idha hemantagimhisu,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
iti bālo vicinteti antarāyaṁ na bujjhati.

 

[365 ≈ Dhp 287]

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ puttapaśusaṁmattaṁ vyāsattamanasaṁ naraṁ |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
suttaṁ ggrāmaṁ mahogho vā maccu-r-ādāya gacchati ||

 

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ puttapasusammattaṁ byāsattamanasaṁ naraṁ,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
suttaṁ gāmaṁ mahogho va maccu ādāya gacchati.

 

[366 ≈ Dhp 288]

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
na santi puttā ttāṇāya na pitā no pi bhātaro |

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
antakenā 'dhibhūtassa nāsti ñātīsu ttāṇatā I count tt- as not making position here to give the normal cadence.08 ||

 

⏑−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
na santi puttā tāṇāya na pitā na pi bandhavā,

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
antakenādhipannassa natthi ñātisu tāṇatā.

 

[367]

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
krandatām eva ñātīnaṁ vilapatāṁ cevam ekato |

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
janā antarahīyaṁti asakāmā jahaṁti naṁ I can find no parallel to this verse in the Pāḷi texts, or in the other parallels.09 ||

 

[368 cf. Dhp 289; for b cf. Aṅg Bk. 8. 5. 9 v.2b]

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
etaṁ vidiya medhāvī praṁñavā vītamaccharī |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ saggagamanaṁ māggaṁ niccam eva viśodhaye |

 

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
etam atthavasaṁ ñatvā paṇḍito sīlasaṁvuto,

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
nibbānagamanaṁ maggaṁ khippam eva visodhaye.

————

¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
vadaññū vītamaccharā.

 

[369ab ≈ Devatāsaṁyuttaṁ, 5.8 v. 3; cd cf. Dhp 289cd]

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tassā hi paṇḍito poṣo saṁpaśśaṁ attham āttano |

−−⏑⏑¦[⏑]−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
taṁ saggaganaṁ Scribal error, read: saggagamanaṁ.10 māggaṁ niccam eva viśodhaye ||

 

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tasmā hi paṇḍito poso    sampassaṁ attham attano,

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
yoniso vicine dhammaṁ    evaṁ tattha visujjhati.

————

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
etam atthavasaṁ ñatvā paṇḍito sīlasaṁvuto,

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
nibbānagamanaṁ maggaṁ khippam eva visodhaye.

 

[370acd ≈ Aṅg Bk. 8. 5. 9 v.2acd]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śraddho śīlena saṁpanno praṁñavā susamāhito |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−   9 syllables
niccaṁ māggaṁ viśodheti sacchayanaṁ sāṁparāyikaṁ This line has 9 syllables, and that there are two light syllables in 2nd and 3rd positions. I do not count those syllables as resolved as that would go against the rule of resolution.11 ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
saddhā sīlena sampannā    vadaññū vītamaccharā,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
niccaṁ maggaṁ visodheti    sotthānaṁ samparāyikaṁ.

 

[371]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śraddho śīlena saṁpanno praṁñavā susamāhito |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ramate māggam āsevaṁ ajjhattopasame rato I can find no parallel to this verse in the Pāḷi texts, or in the other parallels, but for line a cf. the last verse.12 ||

 

[372a ≈ Aṅg Bk. 8. 5. 9 v.2a; cd ≈ Dhp 31cd, Appamādavaggo]

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śraddho śīlena saṁpaṁno praṁñāvāgarato sadā |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
saṁyojanam aṇutthūlaṁ daham aggī va gacchati |

¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
mānamakkhe va pāpake I can find no good parallel to this line in the Pāḷi texts.13 ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
saddhā sīlena sampannā    vadaññū vītamaccharā,

————

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
appamādarato bhikkhu pamāde bhayadassivā,

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
saṁyojanaṁ aṇuṁthūlaṁ ḍahaṁ aggīva gacchati.

 

[373 ≈ Dhp 277]

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
aniccā sabbasaṁkhārā yato praṁñāya paśśati |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nivvaṇḍate dukkhā esa māggo viśuddhiye ||

 

−−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sabbe saṅkhārā aniccā ti yadā paññāya passati,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nibbindatī dukkhe esa maggo visuddhiyā.

 

[374 ≈ Dhp 279]

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sabbadhaṁmā anāttā ti yato praṁñāya paśśati |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nivvaṇḍate dukkhā esa māggo viśuddhiye ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sabbe dhammā anattā ti yadā paññāya passati,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
atha nibbindatī dukkhe esa maggo visuddhiyā.

 

[375 ≈ Dhp 282]

−−⏑−¦−,−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā
yogā hi bhūrī saṁbhavati We no doubt need to read saṁbhoti here, see the Description of the Metres of the Udānavarga elsewhere on this website.14 ayogā bhūrisaṁkhayo |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
etaṁ jethāpathaṁ ñāttā bhavāya vibhavāya ca |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tathā śiccheya -ă is m.c. to give the pathyā cadence.15 medhāvī yathā bhūrī pravaddhati ||

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
yogā ve jāyatī bhūri ayogā bhūrisaṅkhayo,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
etaṁ dvedhāpathaṁ ñatvā bhavāya vibhavāya ca,

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
tathattānaṁ niveseyya yathā bhūri pavaḍḍhati.

Māggavarggaḥ
Maggavaggo