Ja 168: Sakuṇagghijātakavaṇṇanā

Seno balasā patamāno ti idaṁ satthā jetavane viharanto attajjhāsayaṁ sakuṇovādasuttaṁ (SN. 47.6) ārabbha kathesi. Ekadivasañhi satthā bhikkhū āmantetvā: “Gocare, bhikkhave, caratha sake pettike visaye” ti (SN. 47.6) imaṁ saṁyuttamahāvagge suttantaṁ kathento {2.59} “tumhe tāva tiṭṭhatha, pubbe tiracchānagatā pi sakaṁ pettikavisayaṁ pahāya agocare carantā paccāmittānaṁ hatthapathaṁ gantvā pi attano paññāsampattiyā upāyakosallena paccāmittānaṁ hatthā mucciṁsū” ti vatvā atītaṁ āhari.

Atīte bārāṇasiyaṁ brahmadatte rajjaṁ kārente bodhisatto lāpasakuṇayoniyaṁ nibbattitvā naṅgalakaṭṭhakaraṇe leḍḍuṭṭhāne vāsaṁ kappesi. So ekadivasaṁ: “Sakavisaye gocaragahaṇaṁ pahāya paravisaye gocaraṁ gaṇhissāmī” ti aṭavipariyantaṁ agamāsi. Atha naṁ tattha gocaraṁ gaṇhantaṁ disvā sakuṇagghi sahasā ajjhappattā aggahesi. So sakuṇagghiyā hariyamāno evaṁ paridevasi: “mayamevamha alakkhikā, mayaṁ appapuññā, ye mayaṁ agocare carimha paravisaye, sacejja mayaṁ gocare careyyāma sake pettike visaye, na myāyaṁ sakuṇagghi alaṁ abhavissa yadidaṁ yuddhāyā” ti. “Ko pana, te lāpa, gocaro sako pettiko visayo” ti? “Yadidaṁ naṅgalakaṭṭhakaraṇaṁ leḍḍuṭṭhānan”-ti. Atha naṁ sakuṇagghi sake bale apatthaddhā amuñci: “gaccha kho, tvaṁ lāpa, tatra pi me gantvā na mokkhasī” ti. So tattha gantvā mahantaṁ leḍḍuṁ abhiruhitvā: “Ehi kho dāni sakuṇagghī” ti senaṁ avhayanto aṭṭhāsi. Sakuṇagghi sake bale apatthaddhā ubho pakkhe sannayha lāpasakuṇaṁ sahasā ajjhappattā. Yadā pana taṁ lāpo: “Bahuāgatā kho myāyaṁ sakuṇagghī” ti aññāsi, atha parivattitvā tasseva leḍḍussa antaraṁ paccāpādi. Sakuṇagghi vegaṁ sandhāretuṁ asakkontī tattheva uraṁ paccatāḷesi. Evaṁ sā bhinnena hadayena nikkhantehi akkhīhi jīvitakkhayaṁ pāpuṇi.
Satthā {2.60} imaṁ atītaṁ dassetvā: “Evaṁ, bhikkhave, tiracchānagatā pi agocare carantā sapattahatthaṁ gacchanti, gocare pana sake pettike visaye carantā sapatte niggaṇhanti, tasmā tumhe pi mā agocare caratha paravisaye. Agocare, bhikkhave, carataṁ paravisaye lacchati māro otāraṁ, lacchati māro ārammaṇaṁ. Ko ca, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno agocaro paravisayo? Yadidaṁ pañca kāmaguṇā. Katame pañca? Cakkhuviññeyyā rūpā ...pe... ayaṁ, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno agocaro paravisayo” ti vatvā abhisambuddho hutvā paṭhamaṁ gāthamāha.

1. Seno balasā patamāno, lāpaṁ gocaraṭhāyinaṁ,
Sahasā ajjhappattova, maraṇaṁ tenupāgamī ti.

Tattha balasā patamāno ti: “Lāpaṁ gaṇhissāmī” ti balena thāmena patamāno. Gocaraṭhāyinan-ti sakavisayā nikkhamitvā gocaratthāya aṭavipariyante ṭhitaṁ. Ajjhappatto ti sampatto. Maraṇaṁ tenupāgamī ti tena kāraṇena maraṇaṁ patto.

Tasmiṁ pana maraṇaṁ patte lāpo nikkhamitvā: “Diṭṭhā vata me paccāmittassa piṭṭhī” ti tassa hadaye ṭhatvā udānaṁ udānento dutiyaṁ gāthamāha.

2. Sohaṁ nayena sampanno, pettike gocare rato,
Apetasattu modāmi, sampassaṁ atthamattano ti.

Tattha nayenā ti upāyena. Atthamattano ti attano arogabhāvasaṅkhātaṁ vuḍḍhiṁ.

Satthā imaṁ dhammadesanaṁ āharitvā saccāni pakāsetvā jātakaṁ samodhānesi, saccapariyosāne bahū bhikkhū sotāpattiphalādīni pāpuṇiṁsu. “Tadā seno devadatto ahosi, lāpo pana aham-eva ahosin”-ti.

Sakuṇagghijātakavaṇṇanā aṭṭhamā