26. Parābhavasuttaṁ



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evaṁ me sutaṁ:
ekaṁ samayaṁ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṁ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. atha kho aññatarā devatā abhikkantāya rattiyā, abhikkantavaṇṇā kevalakappaṁ jetavanaṁ obhāsetvā, yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā ekam-antaṁ aṭṭhāsi. ekam-antaṁ ṭhitā kho sā devatā bhagavantaṁ gāthāya ajjhabhāsi:

 

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑− bhavipula
“parābhavantaṁ purisaṁ ~ mayaṁ pucchāma gotamaṁ - Metre: all lines in this sutta are to be understood as the pathyā form of Siloka unless otherwise indicated.01

⏑⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
bhagavantaṁ puṭṭham-āgamma, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [1]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“suvijāno bhavaṁ hoti, ~ suvijāno parābhavo,

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
dhammakāmo bhavaṁ hoti, ~ dhammadessī parābhavo.” [2]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ paṭhamo so parābhavo.

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
dutiyaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [3]

 

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
“asantassa piyā honti, ~ sante na kurute piyaṁ,

⏑⏑−−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipula
asataṁ dhammaṁ roceti, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” Metre: the opening of this variation is faulty, we could read asataṁ ca dhammaṁ, understanding resolution of the 1st syllable to repair the metre.02 [4]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ dutiyo so parābhavo.

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
tatiyaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [5]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
“niddāsīlī sabhāsīlī, ~ anuṭṭhātā ca yo naro,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
alaso kodhapaññāṇo, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [6]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ tatiyo so parābhavo.

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
catutthaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [7]

 

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipula
“yo mātaraṁ vā pitaraṁ vā ~ jiṇṇakaṁ gatayobbanaṁ,

⏑⏑−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− navipula
pahusanto CBhp, PPV2: pahūsanto.03 na bharati, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [8]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ catuttho so parābhavo.

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
pañcamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [9]

 

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipula
“yo brāhmaṇaṁ vā samaṇaṁ vā, ~ aññaṁ vā pi vaṇibbakaṁ

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
musāvādena vañceti, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [10]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ pañcamo so parābhavo.

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
chaṭṭhamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [11]

 

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− bhavipula
“pahūtavitto puriso, ~ sahirañño sabhojano,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
eko bhuñjati sādūni, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [12]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ chaṭṭhamo so parābhavo.

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sattamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [13]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
jātitthaddho dhanatthaddho, ~ gottatthaddho ca yo naro,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
sañ-ñātiṁ atimaññeti, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [14]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ sattamo so parābhavo.

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
aṭṭhamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [15]

 

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“itthidhutto, surādhutto, ~ akkhadhutto ca yo naro,

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
laddhaṁ laddhaṁ vināseti, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [16]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ aṭṭhamo so parābhavo.

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
navamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [17]

 

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
“sehi dārehi CBhp: dārehya.04 'santuṭṭho, ~ vesiyāsu padissati,

−⏑⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
dissati paradāresu, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” Metre: we need to read dissatī here, to avoid the opening ⏓⏑⏑⏓.05 [18]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ navamo so parābhavo.

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
dasamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [19]

 

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑−
“atītayobbano poso, ~ āneti timbarutthaniṁ,

−−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− navipula
tassā issā na supati, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” [20]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ dasamo so parābhavo.

−−⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ekādasamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” Metre: this line is hypermetric by 2 syllables (also in vs.23 line b below), this is because of the difficulty of fitting successive numbers to the metre.06 [21]

 

−⏑−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− navipula
“itthisoṇḍiṁ vikiraṇiṁ, ~ purisaṁ vā pi tādisaṁ,

−−−−¦−−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− irregular
issariyasmiṁ ṭhāpāpeti, MPP: ṭhāpeti; PPV2: ṭhapāpeti.07 ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ.” Metre: the metre is irregular as it stands, it would be improved by taking the reading ṭhāpeti in MPP (and then counting the sarabhatti vowel in issariyasmiṁ), but the form would then be wrong.08 [22]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“iti hetaṁ vijānāma, ~ ekādasamo so parābhavo.

⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
dvādasamaṁ bhagavā brūhi, ~ kiṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ?” [23]

 

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
“appabhogo mahātaṇho, ~ khattiye jāyate kule,

−⏑−−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− bhavipula
so ca PPV: sodha.09 rajjaṁ patthayati, ~ taṁ parābhavato mukhaṁ. [24]

 

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ete parābhave loke ~ paṇḍito samavekkhiya,

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ariyo dassanasampanno, ~ sa lokaṁ bhajate sivan” ti. [25]