10: The Explanation of the Wholesome



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[292]

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen, connected with happiness, associated with knowledge, (having) a form object, or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition Comm: Herein because in that single conscious moment there is no ignorance together with the wholesome (volitional) process, therefore instead of having said that, as ignorance (was said about) unwholesome things, because of it being the root of wholesome things, ‘a wholesome root’ (is said).01 there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve, Comm: Because there is no craving and attachment at the place of craving, faith, which is immersed in the sense-object like craving (is said); and at the place of attachment, resolve, which falls strongly (on its object) like attachment, is said.02
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[293]

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred, a lack of delusion.
Herein, what is ‘a lack of greed?’

That which is a lack of greed, not being greedy, greedlessness, a lack of passion, a lack of being passionate, passionlessness, a lack of avarice, a wholesome root that is lack of greed:

this is said to be ‘a lack of greed.’
Herein, what is ‘a lack of hatred?’

That which is a lack of hatred, not being hateful, hatelessness, a lack of malice, a lack of maliciousness, a wholesome root that is lack of hatred:

this is said to be ‘a lack of hatred.’
Herein, what is ‘a lack of delusion?’

That which is wisdom, ...pe... knowing, investigation, deep investigation, investigation of (the nature of) things, discernment, discrimination, differentiation, erudition, skilfulness, subtlety, clarification, thoughtfulness, consideration, breadth, intelligence, guidance, insight, full awareness, examination, wisdom, the Faculty of Wisdom, the Strength of Wisdom, the sword of wisdom, the height of wisdom, the light of wisdom, the lustre of wisdom, the flame of wisdom, the treasure of wisdom, non-delusion, investigation of (the nature of) things, Right View:

this is said to be ‘a lack of delusion.’

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

...pe...

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

...pe...

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

...pe...

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

...pe...

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

...pe...

That which is neither mental agreeableness nor disagreeableness, neither painful nor pleasant experience born of contact with the mind, neither painful nor pleasant feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

[294]

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm, connected with happiness, associated with knowledge, with intention, (having) a form object, ...pe... or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm,
connected with happiness, disassociated with knowledge, (having) a form object, ...pe... or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm,
connected with happiness, disassociated with knowledge, with intention, (having) a form object, or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[295]

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred.
Herein, what is ‘a lack of greed?’

That which is a lack of greed, not being greedy, greedlessness, a lack of passion, a lack of being passionate, passionlessness, a lack of avarice, a wholesome root that is lack of greed:

this is said to be ‘a lack of greed.’
Herein, what is ‘a lack of hatred?’

That which is a lack of hatred, not being hateful, hatelessness, a lack of malice, a lack of maliciousness, a wholesome root that is lack of hatred:

this is said to be ‘a lack of hatred.’

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

That which is mental agreeableness, mental pleasure, pleasant and agreeable experience born of contact with the mind, pleasant and agreeable feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

[296]

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm, connected with equanimity, associated with knowledge, (having) a form object, ...pe... or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm, connected with equanimity, associated with knowledge, with intention, (having) a form object, or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[297]

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred, a lack of delusion. The expected peyyāla after amoho is omitted, and similarly below, which indicates this is not a mistake. 03

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

That which is neither mental agreeableness nor disagreeableness, neither painful nor pleasant experience born of contact with the mind, neither painful nor pleasant feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

[298] This number is missing in the transcription on CSCD but belongs here.04

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm, connected with equanimity, disassociated with knowledge, (having) a form object, ...pe... or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

 

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time a wholesome mind has arisen in the sensual realm,
connected with equanimity, disassociated with knowledge, with intention, (having) a form object, or a sound object, or a smell object, or a taste object, or a tangible object, or a thought object, or referring to whatever (thought),
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[299]

 

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred.

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

That which is neither mental agreeableness nor disagreeableness, neither painful nor pleasant experience born of contact with the mind, neither painful nor pleasant feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

[300]

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time he develops the Path leading to rebirth in the form worlds, quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, and dwells having attained the first absorption on the earth-object,
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[301]

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred, a lack of delusion.

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

That which is neither mental agreeableness nor disagreeableness, neither painful nor pleasant experience born of contact with the mind, neither painful nor pleasant feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

[302]

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time he develops the Path leading to rebirth in the formless worlds, having completely transcended the sphere of nothingness, associated with the perception of the sphere of neither-perception-nor-non-perception, having given up pleasure, ...pe... given up pain, and with the previous disappearance of mental well-being and sorrow, without pain, without pleasure, and with complete purity of mindfulness owing to equanimity, he dwells having attained the fourth absorption,
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[303]

 

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred, a lack of delusion.

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

That which is mental agreeableness, mental pleasure, pleasant and agreeable experience born of contact with the mind, pleasant and agreeable feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

[304]

What are wholesome thoughts?
At whatever time he develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of (wrong) views, to the attainment of the first ground, quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, and dwells having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge,
at that time with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process,
with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness,
with consciousness as condition: mind,
with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere,
with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact,
with contact as condition: feeling,
with feeling as condition: faith,
with faith as condition: resolve,
with resolve as condition: continuation,
with continuation as condition: birth,
with birth as condition: ageing, death,
and so there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering.

[305]

 

Herein, what are ‘wholesome roots?’

A lack of greed, a lack of hatred, a lack of delusion.

Herein, what is ‘a lack of greed?’

...pe...

That which is a lack of greed, not being greedy, greedlessness, a lack of passion, a lack of being passionate, passionlessness, a lack of avarice, a wholesome root that is lack of greed:

this is said to be ‘a lack of greed.’
Herein, what is
‘a lack of hatred?’

...pe...

That which is a lack of hatred, not being hateful, hatelessness, a lack of malice, a lack of maliciousness, a wholesome root that is lack of hatred:

this is said to be ‘a lack of hatred.’
Herein, what is
‘a lack of delusion?’

That which is wisdom, knowing, ...pe... investigation, deep investigation, investigation of (the nature of) things, discernment, discrimination, differentiation, erudition, skilfulness, subtlety, clarification, thoughtfulness, consideration, breadth, intelligence, guidance, insight, full awareness, examination, wisdom, the Faculty of Wisdom, the Strength of Wisdom, the sword of wisdom, the height of wisdom, the light of wisdom, the lustre of wisdom, the flame of wisdom, the treasure of wisdom, non-delusion, investigation of (the nature of) things, Right View, investigation (of the nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path,

this is said to be ‘a lack of delusion.’

These are said to be ‘wholesome roots.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process?’

That which is volition, intention, intentionality:

this is said to be ‘with a wholesome root as condition there is a (volitional) process.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with a (volitional) process as condition: consciousness.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with consciousness as condition: mind?’

(There is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent:

this is said to be ‘with consciousness as condition: mind.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere?’

That which is thought, mind, mentality, heart, consciousness, mind, the mind sense sphere, the mind faculty, consciousness, the consciousness constituent, the mind-consciousness element arising from that:

this is said to be ‘with mind as condition: the sixth sense sphere.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact?’

That which is contact, contacting, close contacting, the state of being in close contact:

this is said to be ‘with the sixth sense sphere as condition: contact.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with contact as condition: feeling?’

That which is mental agreeableness, mental pleasure, pleasant and agreeable experience born of contact with the mind, pleasant and agreeable feeling born of contact with the mind:

this is said to be ‘with contact as condition: feeling.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with feeling as condition: faith?’

That which is confidence, being confident, assurance, great faith:

this is said to be ‘with feeling as condition: faith.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with faith as condition: resolve?’

That which is resolve of the mind, resolution, the state of being resolved on that (mind):

this is said to be ‘with faith as condition: resolve.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with resolve as condition: continuation?’

Except for resolve, (it is) the feeling constituent, the perception constituent, the (volitional) processes constituent, the consciousness constituent:

this is said to be ‘with resolve as condition: continuation.’

...pe...

 

Herein, what is ‘with continuation as condition: birth?’

That which for various things is birth, being born, return, turning up, manifestation:

this is said to be ‘with continuation as condition: birth.’

 

Herein, what is ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death?’

There is ageing, there is death.

Herein, what is ‘ageing?’

For various things (there is) ageing, agedness, the dwindling away of the life span:

this is said to be ‘ageing.’

Herein, what is ‘death?’

For various things (there is) destruction, decay, a breaking up, a complete breaking up, impermanence, a disappearance:

this is called ‘death.’

Thus, this is ageing and this is death,

this is said to be ‘with birth as condition: ageing, death.’

So there is an origination of this whole mass of suffering, and so there is an association with this whole mass of suffering, a meeting with it, a connection with it, a manifestation of it. This is said to be ‘the origination of this whole mass of suffering.’

The Explanation of the Wholesome