The Essence of the Analysis of Deeds
(Karma-vibhaṅga-sāro)

[15-22: Rebirths]

[15] Rebirth in Hell

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth in hell?

It is said:

[1] Wrong living in body, speech and mind through having severely corrupt thoughts.
[2] (A deed based on) annihilationist view.
[3] (A deed based on) eternalist view.
[4] (A deed based on) nihilistic view.
[5] (A deed based on) inconsequence view. In Pāḷi texts the terms are analysed like this: annihilationist view = the view that life ends with death; eternalist view = the view that the soul (ātma) is eternal; nihilistic view = the view that there is no result of giving, etc.; inconsequence view = the view that bad actions are without consequences.
[6] (A deed based on) a selfish doctrine.
[7] (A deed based on) ungratefulness.
[8] (Bad deeds having) immediate (results). The five bad deeds are: Taking the life of mother, father or a Worthy One (arhat); spilling the blood of a Realised One; or causing a schism in the Saṅgha.
[9] Making false accusations against virtuous noble ones.

This is the deed that leads to rebirth in hell.

[16] Rebirth as an Animal

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth as an animal?

It is said:

[1] Wrong living in body, speech and mind through having intermediately (corrupt thoughts).
[2] Deeds arising from various (types of) lust.
[3] Deeds arising from various (types of) hatred.
[4] Deeds arising from various (types of) delusion. Greed, hatred and delusion are the three unwholesome roots.
[5] Causing regret to those gone forth, mother or father.
[6] Deriding animals.
[7] Similarly, it is said endeavouring in deeds like the cow-vow and dog-vow These were vows to behave like animals, f.i. eating grass, etc. in the case of the cow-vow; eating scraps, etc. in the case of the dog-vow. offerings; and endeavouring in preparing this.

{Examples}

This is the deed that leads to rebirth as an animal.

[17] Rebirth in Yama’s World

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth (as a preta) A preta is a being living a miserable existence in a kind of limbo or purgatory. In Buddhist cosmology this world is under the control of Yama. in Yama’s world?

It is said:

[1] Wrong living in body, speech and mind through having a mind of revenge and anger.
[2] Greed.
[3] Dishonest greed.
[4] Wrong livelihood.
[5] Dying of hunger, thirst or anger.
[6] Dying with a mind attached to possessions.

{Examples}

This is the deed that leads to rebirth (as a preta) in Yama’s world.

[18] Rebirth in the Asura World

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth in the Asura The Asuras are anti-gods, or former gods (Sura), that fought against the gods and were thrown out of heaven because of their rebellion. world?

It is said:

[1] All wrong living in body, speech and mind that is mild.
[2] Conceit.
[3] Great conceit.
[4] Conceit regarding attainments.
[5] The ‘I’-conceit.
[6] Wrong conceit.
[7] Well-performed deeds having wholesome roots (but) which ripen in birth in the Asura worlds.
[8] Everything arising from excessive passion and having a bad character, (but) having wisdom as a cause. I am unsure what deeds would characterise these last two causes, and no examples are given.

This is the deed that leads to rebirth in the Asura world.

[19] Rebirth in the Human World

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth in the human world?

It is said:

The ten wholesome deeds that are either well-practiced or poorly practiced.

What ten?

[1-3] The threefold deeds by way of body (not killing, taking what is not given or sexual misconduct).
[4-7] The fourfold deeds by way of speech (false, malicious and rough speech; and frivolous talk).
[8-10] The threefold deeds by way of mind (being without avarice, having good will and right view).

This is the deed that leads to rebirth in the human world.

[20] Rebirth in Heavenly Sense Worlds

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth in the heavenly sense worlds?

It is said:

The fully complete ten wholesome deeds (same of previous list, but to perfection).

This is the deed that leads to rebirth in the heavenly sense worlds.

[21] Rebirth in Heavenly Form Worlds

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth in the heavenly form worlds?

It is said:

The fully attained (four) concentrations, This refers to the four jhānas, which have corresponding levels in the cosmology. and from that, full excellence in the ten wholesome deeds.

This is the deed that leads to rebirth in the heavenly form worlds.

[22] Rebirth in Heavenly Formless Worlds

Herein, what is the deed that leads to rebirth in the heavenly formless worlds?

It is said:

The four formless attainments:

[1] The sphere of endless space
[2] The sphere of endless consciousness.
[3] The sphere of nothingness.
[4] The sphere of neither-perception-nor-non-perception

There is the developing and making much of these attainments.

This is the deed that leads to rebirth in the heavenly formless worlds.