The Essence of the Analysis of Deeds
(Karma-vibhaṅga-sāro)

[23-50: Permutations]

[23] Deeds Done that do not bring Success

Herein, The lists of deeds which characterised the early part of this discourse, is now abandoned until 62 and permutations of sets takes its place. what is the deed that, when done, does not bring success? It means unsuccessful in terms of merit.

It is said:

Whatever deed, which, once done, leads to being grieved, distressed, reviled, disgusted, confessed, announced and made manifest; which he promises to restrain himself from in the future, and not do again.

This is the deed that, when done, does not bring success.

[24] Deeds that bring Success when not Done

Herein, what is the deed that brings success when not done? This is an awkwardly stated permutation. I think what it means is that this deed brings success only if it is refrained from.

It is said:

Whatever deed (which) is yet to be completed by way of body.

Herein, speaking a word with corrupt mind, and saying: ‘Like this I will do to you (i.e. threatening another)’.

This is the deed that brings success when not done.

[25] Deeds that bring Success when Done

Herein, what is the deed that brings success when done?

It is said:

Whatever (good) deed that is intentional.

{Examples}

This is the deed that brings success when done.

[26] Deeds not really Done

Herein, what is the deed that is not (really) done, nor brings (any) success?

It is said:

Whatever deed is intentionally done or effected (but) in a dream. Dreams were not believed to have real-life consequences in themselves.

This is the deed that is not (really) done, nor brings (any) success.

[27] Hell for a Full Time

Herein, what is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in hell, and only falls away after a full hell life is completed? Hell is not everlasting in Buddhism, but a temporary abode where creatures suffer for as long as the result of their karma hasn’t come to an end.

It is said:

That deed that is done here and is successful and through which he goes to hell.

That deed, which, once done, one is not grieved, distressed, reviled, disgusted (about), (and it is not) confessed, announced and made manifest; which he does not promise to restrain himself from in the future.

(But through which) he is exceedingly happy and joy arises.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in hell, and only falls away after a full hell life is completed.

[28] Hell for a Half Time

Herein, what is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in hell, and falls away after half a hell life?

It is said:

That deed that is done here and successful and through which one goes to hell.

That deed, which, once done, one is not grieved, distressed, reviled, disgusted (about), (and it is not) confessed, announced and made manifest; which he does not promise to restrain himself from in the future.

(But through which) he is not exceedingly happy and joy does not arise.

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in hell, and falls away after half a hell life.

[29] Hell for a Short Time

Herein, what is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in hell, and falls away after a short time?

It is said:

That deed that is done here and successful and through which he goes to hell.

That (deed), which, once done, leads to being grieved, distressed, reviled, disgusted, confessed, announced and made manifest; which he promises to restrain himself from in the future.

Not having done it again, he is reborn in hell, and falls away a short time after rebirth.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in hell, and falls away after a short time.

[30] Specific Rebirth

Herein, what is the deed that leads to a specific rebirth?

It is said:

Whatever (deed), when done, after declaring ‘(May) this ripen in rebirth in such and such a place’, and in that place he is reborn.

{Examples}

This is the deed that leads to a specific rebirth.

[31] Non-Specific Rebirth

Herein, what is the deed that leads to a non-specific rebirth?

It is said:

Whatever (deed), when done, without declaring ‘(May) this ripen in rebirth in such and such a place’, and he is born according to his deeds.

This is the deed that leads to a non-specific rebirth.

[32] Rebirth in Another Country

Herein, what is the deed that results in (rebirth in) another country? It probably means being born outside of the Āryavarta which was considered undesirable by the authors.

It is said:

Whatever deed, in this life, that matures in (rebirth in) another country, whether good or bad, and that deed results in (rebirth in) another country.

{Examples}

This is the deed that results in (rebirth in) another country.

[33] Happy then Unhappy

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first happy, and later unhappy?

It is said:

Being asked for a gift here, someone first happily approves, and rejoicing gives it.

But after giving he has regret.

When he is reborn amongst humans, he is reborn into a family which has great riches, great wealth, but later that wealth is lost and exhausted, (so that) he later is poor.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first happy, and later unhappy.

[34] Unhappy then Happy

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first unhappy, and later becomes happy?

It is said:

Being asked someone takes a gift, and approving of the same, then gives (it to another) with difficulty. But after giving the gift, later joy arises. When he is reborn amongst humans, he is reborn into a family which is poor, but later that wealth increases.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first unhappy, and later becomes happy.

[35] Happy and Happy

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first happy, and later is also happy?

It is said:

Being asked for a gift here, someone first happily approves, and happily gives it. After giving he is also joyous. When he is reborn amongst humans, he is reborn into a family which is well off, having great wealth, great riches.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first happy, and later is also happy.

[36] Unhappy and Unhappy

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first unhappy, and later is also unhappy?

It is said:

Someone here is bereft of spiritual friends, and does not give a gift. But he also does not commit any wicked deed. When he is reborn (again) amongst humans, he is reborn into a family which is poor, that has little food and drink to enjoy.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is at first unhappy, and later is also unhappy.

[37] Well-Off and Selfish

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is well off but selfish?

It is said:

Someone gives a small gift in the bowl here to someone who is virtuous, but he does not repeat the generous practice again. When he is reborn amongst humans, he is reborn into a family which is well off, having great wealth, great riches through that special gift. But because he does not repeat that generous practice again, his deeds become selfish.

{Examples}

[This is the deed, provided with which] this person is well off but selfish.

[38] Poor and Generous

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is poor but generous?

It is said:

Someone gives many a gift here, (but) to animals and to men without virtue who do not live the spiritual life. Again and again he repeats his generosity. When he is reborn amongst humans, he is poor, but because of repeating that gift he is generous. Whoever gives a gift into the bowls (of those without virtue), because of that becomes poor.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is poor but generous.

[39] Well-Off and Generous

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is well off and generous?

It is said:

Someone gives many a gift here into the bowls of those are virtuous, and he repeats the generous practice again and again. Through that when he is reborn amongst humans, he is reborn into a family which is well off, having great wealth, great riches. And because he repeated that gift again and again he became generous.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is well off and generous.

[40] Life Exhausted not Deeds

For which person is life exhausted, but not his deeds?

It is said:

Whatever person who, falling from hell is reborn in hell; falling from the animal realm is reborn in the animal realm; falling from the Yama world is reborn in the Yama world; falling from the gods is reborn amongst the gods.

{Examples}

This is the person whose life is exhausted, but not his deeds.

[41] Deeds Exhausted not Life

For which person are deeds exhausted, but not his life?

It is said:

Whatever person is happy at first and later is unhappy; (or) unhappy at first and later happy.

For this person deeds are exhausted, but not his life.

[42] Deeds and Life Exhausted

For which person are deeds exhausted and his life?

It is said:

Whatever person falling away from hell is reborn amongst animals; falling away from animals is reborn in the Yama world; falling away from the Yama world is reborn amongst humans; falling away from humans is reborn amongst the gods.

{Examples}

For this person deeds are exhausted and his life.

[43] Merits Exhausted and Life

For which person are merits exhausted and his life?

It is said:

{Examples} There appears to be text missing at this point, and only the examples are given.

This is the person whose life is exhausted and his merits. There is a lack of concinnity here.

[43]bis This is the second occurrence of the same number. Contents are different however. Life not Exhausted nor Deeds

For which person is life not exhausted, nor his deeds, but (some) defilements are exhausted?

It is said:

The stream-enterer, the once-returner, the non-returner, the Independent Buddha.

This is the person whose life is not exhausted, nor his deeds, but (some) defilements are exhausted.

[44] Happy in Body not in Mind

Which is the person who is happy in body, but not in mind?

It is said:

An ordinary person who has done merit is happy in body, but not in mind.

{Examples}

This is the person who is happy in body, but not in mind.

[45] Happy in Mind not in Body

Which is the person who is happy in mind, but not in body?

It is said:

Whoever is a worthy one (but is) without merit is happy in mind, but not in body.

{Examples}

This is the person who is happy in mind, but not in body.

[46] Happy in Body and in Mind

Which is the person who is happy in body and in mind?

It is said:

The worthy one, who has destroyed the pollutants, and made merit.

{Examples}

This is the person who is happy in body and in mind.

[47] Happy neither in Body nor in Mind

Which is the person who is neither happy in mind nor in body?

(It is said:)

An ordinary person who has not done anything meritorious, with a family lineage fallen into oblivion, being bereft of food, drink and clothing, and who wanders amongst the houses (i.e. is homeless). Because of that he is afflicted with diseases like leprosy, tuberculosis, consumption, fever, jaundice, infirmity, skin disease, scab and so on, is missing hands and feet, or has loss of eyesight.

This is the person who is neither happy in mind nor in body.

[48] Lower Realms and Handsome

What is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in the lower realms and is handsome and pleasant, with an agreeable body, agreeable skin, delightful eyes and is good looking?

It is said:

Whatever person who is endowed with lust, provided with a lack of virtue and is reborn in the lower realms.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in the lower realms and is handsome and pleasant, with an agreeable body, agreeable skin, delightful eyes and is good looking.

[49] Lower Realms and Ugly

Herein, what is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in the lower realms and is ugly, with a harsh body and terrible looking?

It is said:

Whatever person who is endowed with hate, provided with a lack of virtue and is reborn in the lower realms.

{Examples}

This is the deed, (provided with which, a person) is reborn in the lower realms and is ugly, with a harsh body and terrible looking.

[50] Lower Realms and Undeveloped

Herein, what is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in the lower realms and is foul-smelling, with faculties that are crooked and undeveloped?

It is said:

Whatever person who is endowed with delusion, and provided with a lack of virtue, and is reborn in the lower realms.

{Examples}

This is the deed, provided with which, a person is reborn in the lower realms and is foul-smelling, with faculties that are crooked and undeveloped.