The Essence of the Analysis of Deeds
(Karma-vibhaṅga-sāro)

[51-61: Unwholesome Deeds]

[51] Ten Unwholesome Deeds

There are ten unwholesome deeds. Lit. path-deeds. It seems no matter which way we try and express this, it always comes across as awkward in English, especially when repeated. I therefore translate it simply as deeds.

Which ten?

The threefold deeds by way of body, the fourfold deeds by way of speech, the threefold deeds by way of mind.

These ten unwholesome deeds have ten results externally that increase through development.

[52] Killing

With the unwholesome deed of killing living beings there is the result (in the environment) that the vitality and strength of the earth disappears.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is a short life.

[53] Taking what is not Given

With the unwholesome deed of taking what is not given there is the result (in the environment) that lightning, parrots, locusts, rats and insects rush in and destroy the crops.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is his wealth goes to destruction.

[54] Sexual Misconduct

With the unwholesome deed of sexual misconduct there is the result (in the environment) that grasses on the earth produce a bad smell.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that housing that has been established is destroyed.

{Examples}

[55] False Speech

With the unwholesome deed of false speech there is the result (in the environment) that there are diseases of the mouth, teeth and throat; and also a foul smell from the mouth and so on appear.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that untrue stories (about oneself) appear.

[56] Divisive Speech

With the unwholesome deed of divisive speech there is the result (in the environment) that on the earth gravel, shards and so on causing painful feeling and so on appear.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that life goes to ruin, friends go to ruin and there is division amongst one’s followers.

[57] Harsh Speech

With the unwholesome deed of harsh speech there is the result (in the environment) that mud, dust, pollen, winds and rains appear.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that they experience unpleasant sounds and sights.

[58] Frivolous Speech

With the unwholesome deed of frivolous speech there is the result (in the environment) that (mountains), ravines and pits appear.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that there are words that are hard to accept.

[59] Avarice

With the unwholesome deed of avarice there is the result (in the environment) that the rice, barley, wheat and other crops appear as chaff, straw and so on.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that his wealth is desired by others.

[60] Ill-Will

With the unwholesome deed of ill-will there is the result (in the environment) that the corn that is scattered is barren.

Because of this deed the result (for the perpetrator) is that adversity is seen.

[61] Wrong View

With the unwholesome deed of wrong view there is the result (in the environment) that bitter and pungent fruits such as neem, bitter gourd and poisonous cucumber appear.

With the deed of wrong view there is the result (for the perpetrator) that he becomes a nihilist.

Annihilationism and materialism is (also) evident amongst the teachers.

{Examples}