The Analysis of Deeds
(Karma-vibhaṅga)



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51-61: Unwholesome Deeds

51. Ten Unwholesome Deeds

There are ten unwholesome deeds.

Which ten?

The threefold deeds by way of body, the fourfold deeds by way of speech, the threefold deeds by way of mind. Enumerated in what follows. These ten unwholesome deeds have ten results externally that increase through development.

52. Killing

With the unwholesome deed of killing living beings there is the result in the environment that the vitality and strength of the earth disappears.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is a short life.

53. Taking what is not Given

With the unwholesome deed of taking what is not given there is the result in the environment that crop-destroyers arise like lightning, parrots, locusts, rats and insects.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is his wealth goes to destruction.

54. Sexual Misconduct

With the unwholesome deed of sexual misconduct there is the result in the environment that clumps of grass and so forth on the earth produce a bad smell.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that housing that has been established is destroyed.

54a

Here the traditions about Śvabhrapada, the young Susudhī wife of the king of Kāsi; and the traditions about Kālodayī’s previous life as told in the Devāvataraṇa should be recited. These traditions seem to be lost, and I do not know of a text called Devāvataraṇa (Entrance of/to the Gods).

55. False Speech

With the unwholesome deed of false speech there is the result in the environment that there are diseases of the mouth, teeth and throat; and also a foul smell from the mouth and so on appear.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that untrue stories about oneself are met with.

56. Divisive Speech

With the unwholesome deed of divisive speech there is the result in the environment that on the earth gravel, shards and so on causing painful feeling and so on appear.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that life goes to ruin, friends go to ruin and there is division amongst one’s followers.

57. Harsh Speech

With the unwholesome deed of harsh speech there is the result in the environment that dirt, dust, pollen, winds and rains appear.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that they experience unpleasant sounds and sights.

58. Frivolous Speech

With the unwholesome deed of frivolous speech there is the result in the environment that [mountains], ravines and pits appear.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that there are words that are hard to accept.

59. Avarice

With the unwholesome deed of avarice there is the result in the environment that the rice, barley, wheat and other crops appear as chaff, straw and so on.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that his wealth is desired by others.

60. Ill-Will

With the unwholesome deed of ill-will there is the result in the environment that the crops that are scattered are barren.

Because of this deed the result for the perpetrator is that adversity is seen.

61. Wrong View

With the unwholesome deed of wrong view there is the result in the environment that bitter and pungent fruits such as neem, bitter gourd and poisonous cucumber appear.

With the deed of wrong view there is the result for the perpetrator that he becomes a nihilist. Annihilationism is also evident in the commentaries of the materialists and others.

61a

Just as with Padāśva, Known as Pāyāsi in Pāḷi, see Pāyāsisutta, DN 23. the son of the king, whom Kumāra-kāśyapa guided at Śvetikāyā, and who was a materialist.

61b

Just as whatever beings develop the ten unwholesome deeds, so these ten external states will surely manifest. These concluding lines are more by way of comment, than example. It is for this reason that there will be the aeon of the Great Dissolution. At that time in the future there will be sesame seeds, and there will be ground sesame seeds, but no oil from them; there will be sugarcane, but there will be no sugarcane juice, there will be no sugar, there will be no molasses, there will be no candied sugar; there will be cows, there will be milk, there will be curds, but there will be no butter, no clarified butter, no ghee. Thus gradually all the essences will disappear.