The Essence of the Analysis of Deeds
(Karma-vibhaṅga-sāro)

[62-80: Wholesome Deeds]

[62] Saluting Caityas in the Middle Country

What are the ten advantages We return now to the set formulas that opened the discourse. of saluting with reverence the memorial buildings of the Realised One in the Middle Country, the four great memorial buildings in Lumbinī, Mahābodhi and so on? Lumbinī, the site of the Bodhisattva’s birth; Mahābodhi, where he attained awakening; ṣipatana, where he taught the first discourse; and Kuśinārā, where he passed away.

It is said:

[1] One obtains a birth in the Middle Country.
[2] One obtains excellent clothes.
[3] One obtains an excellent family.
[4] One obtains an excellent age.
[5] One obtains an excellent voice.
[6] One obtains excellent intelligence.
[7] One obtains excellent faith.
[8] One obtains excellent virtue.
[9] One obtains excellent fame.
[10] One obtains excellent generosity.
[11] One obtains an excellent memory.
[12] One obtains excellent wisdom. The confirmatory statement at the end of the list is missing here.

{Examples}

[63] Saluting Caityas (Elsewhere)

What are the ten advantages of worshipping the memorial buildings of the Realised One (somewhere else)?

It is said:

[1] One becomes handsome.
[2] Has a good voice.
[3] Has acceptable speech.
[4] Walking into an assembly one propitiates the assembly.
[5] One is dear to gods and men.
[6] One is distinguished.
[7] One has the society of distinguished people.
[8] One has the society of Buddhas and the Buddha’s disciples.
[9] One has great wealth.
[10] One is reborn in heaven.
[11] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

These are the ten advantages of worshipping the memorial buildings of the Realised One.

[64] Giving a Parasol

What are the ten advantages of giving a parasol?

It is said:

[1] One has the nature of being a parasol for the world.
[2] One is not overheated in body.
[3] One is not overheated in mind.
[4] All blameless deeds done that lead to sovereignty accumulate.
[5] Again and again one becomes a Universal Monarch. A parasol was a mark of kingship in ancient India.
[6] One is distinguished.
[7] One has the society of distinguished people.
[8] One has the society of Buddhas and Buddha’s disciples.
[9] One has great wealth.
[10] One is reborn in heaven.
[11] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten advantages of giving a parasol.

[65] Giving a Temple Bell

What are the ten advantages of giving a temple bell?

It is said:

[1] One becomes handsome.
[2] One has a good voice.
[3] One has pleasing speech.
[4] One has speech like a cuckoo.
[5] One has acceptable speech.
[6] One always has causes for joy.
[7] Again and again one hears sounds that are joyous.
[8] One is reborn in heaven.
[9] One has great wealth.
[10] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues The question asked above was about advantages (anuśaṁsa). of giving a temple bell.

[66] Giving Clothes

What are the ten virtues of giving clothes.

It is said:

[1] One has soft skin.
[2] One has smooth skin.
[3] Dust does not stick to the cloth on his body.
[4] One is endowed with conscience and shame.
[5] One is pleasant looking.
[6] One has abundant clothing.
[7] One receives clothes and spreadings that are delicate.
[8] One has great wealth.
[9] One is reborn in heaven.
[10] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtuous advantages Compare the question, which, possibly accidentally, omits anuśaṁsa. of giving clothes.

[67] Giving Seats

What are the ten advantages of giving seats?

It is said:

[1] One stands firmly in the world.
[2] One is pleasant looking.
[3] One is amiable.
[4] One is visited by wise people.
[5] One’s fame and renown increase in the world.
[6] One has much happiness and satisfaction.
[7] One delights in his own country.
[8] One has a sufficiency of seats.
[9] One has a sufficiency of servants.
[10] One has great wealth.
[11] One is reborn in heaven.
[12] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

These are the ten virtues The question was about advantages (anuśaṁsa). Same at 69 below. of giving seats.

[68] Giving Vessels

What are the ten advantages of giving vessels?

It is said:

[1] One becomes a vessel (for the Dharma).
[2] One’s virtues are smooth and uninterrupted.
[3] One does not have great thirst.
[4] When suffering from thirst, water appears.
[5] One is not reborn amongst the pretas.
[6] One has a sufficiency of containers.
[7] One has great wealth.
[8] One is reborn in heaven.
[9] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

These are the ten advantages of giving containers.

[69] Giving Food

What are the ten advantages of giving food?

It is said:

[1] One becomes strong.
[2] One becomes beautiful.
[3] One becomes happy.
[4] One becomes intelligent.
[5] One has long life.
[6] One is visited by the populace.
[7] One is pleasant looking.
[8] One has great wealth.
[9] One is reborn in heaven.
[10] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving food

[70] Giving Vehicles

What are the ten virtues of giving vehicles?

It is said:

[1] One has tender feet.
[2] One stands firm on his feet.
[3] One doesn’t get exhausted on the road.
[4] One doesn’t have many enemies.
[5] Again and again one attains the bases of success.
[6] One has a sufficiency of vehicles, elephants and horses and so on.
[7] One has great wealth.
[8] One is reborn in heaven.
[9] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. The confirmatory sentence at the end of the list is missing here.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving vehicles.

[71] Giving Refuge

What are the ten virtues of giving refuge?

It is said:

[1] One becomes king of the district.
[2] One becomes king of the province.
[3] One becomes king and lord of Jambudvīpa.
[4] One becomes king and lord of two continents.
[5] One becomes king and lord of three continents.
[6] One becomes king, lord and Universal Monarch of four continents.
[7] One has great wealth.
[8] One is reborn in heaven.
[9] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving refuge.

[72] Giving Drinks

What are the ten virtues of giving drinks?

It is said:

[1] One is endowed with all the faculties.
[2] Has a clear face.
[3] A pure forehead.
[4] Smooth skin.
[5] One has agreeable speech.
[6] One is never greatly thirsty.
[7] When one is thirsty water appears.
[8] One is not reborn amongst the pretas.
[9] One has great wealth.
[10] One is reborn in heaven.
[11] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving drinks.

[73] Giving Garlands

What are the ten virtues of giving garlands?

It is said:

[1] One becomes like a garland to the world.
[2] Bad odour of the body disappears.
[3] Good odour appears.
[4] There is always a pleasant smell and ornaments.
[5] One’s following is undivided.
[6] One is dear to all people.
[7] One has great wealth.
[8] One is reborn in heaven.
[9] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving garlands.

[74] Giving Loose Flowers

What are the ten virtues of giving loose flowers?

It is said:

[1] One becomes like a flower to the world.
[2] The faculty of smell is purified.
[3] Bad odour of the body disappears.
[4] Good odour appears.
[5] The sweet fame of one’s virtue blows in (all) ten directions.
[6] One is sought out (by others).
[7] One receives all desirable things.
[8] One has great wealth.
[9] One is reborn in heaven.
[10] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving loose flowers.

[75] Giving Lights

What are the ten virtues of giving lights?

It is said:

[1] One becomes like a light to the world.
[2] The worldly eye disappears.
[3] The divine eye appears.
[4] The blindness of ignorance is destroyed.
[5] Knowledge of the world arises.
[6] One quickly understands with wisdom what is wholesome and unwholesome.
[7] There is no blind ignorance regarding the running on of the round of births and deaths.
[8] One has great wealth.
[9] One is reborn in heaven.
[10] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving lights.

[76] Giving Incense

What are the ten virtues of giving incense?

It is said:

[1] One becomes like incense to the world.
[2] One’s faculty of smell is purified.
[3] Bad odour of the body disappears.
[4] Good odour appears.
[5] The sweet fame of one’s virtue blows in (all) ten directions.
[6] One is sought out (by others).
[7] One receives all desirable things.
[8] One has great wealth.
[9] One is reborn in heaven.
[10] In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa.

{Examples}

These are the ten virtues of giving incense.

[77] Going Forth

What are the ten virtues of going forth?

It is said:

[1] One doesn’t crave for wealth, daughters, wife or sons.
[2] One is not possessed by sensual pleasures.
[3] One gains joy by living in the wilderness.
[4] One associates with the way of the Buddha.
[5] One avoids the way of fools.
[6] One avoids things which lead to a bad rebirth.
[7] One associates with things that lead to a good rebirth.
[8] The devas envy him.
[9] One always gains the going forth in the word of the Happy One.

These are the ten virtues of going forth.

[78] Living in Wilderness

What are the ten virtues of living in the wilderness?

It is said:

[1] One avoids society.
[2] One associates with seclusion.
[3] One’s mind achieves concentration.
[4] One doesn’t have a lot of work to be done.
[5] One has mindfulness of the Buddha.
[6] One doesn’t abandon bodily joy, happiness and satisfaction.
[7] One has no obstacles.
[8] One achieves concentration with agility in the spiritual life.
[9] (Every) word and syllable one recites is not forgotten.
[10] Just as one has heard, one knows (every) detail and meaning of things.

These are the ten virtues of living in the wilderness.

[79] Living on Alms food

What are the ten virtues of living on alms food?

It is said:

[1] One acquires a walking path.
[2] One pounds his resort.
[3] One’s pride is lowered.
[4] One urges oneself on with gains.
[5] One sets up the merit of others.
[6] One expounds the Teacher’s dispensation.
[7] One makes the way shine forth for the next generation.
[8] One does no harm to his fellows in the spiritual life.
[9] One establishes humility in the mind.
[10] The monk who has a mind set on alms is able to go in all directions without adversity.

These are the ten virtues of living on alms food.

[80] Ten Confidences

There are ten confidences.

What are the ten? This list, which are the confidences of a monk, is unknown to other texts according to Edgerton (s.v. vaiśāradya). A list of four confidences of the Buddha is well-known: that he is truly awakened, that the pollutants are destroyed, that the Buddha has no obstacles and that the Dhamma is well-taught.

It is said:

[1] One is confident when entering the village.
[2] One is confident when leaving the village.
[3] One is confident when making use of his alms food.
[4] One is confident when teaching Dharma in the assembly
[5] One is confident when entering into the midst of the Sangha.
[6] One is confident when approaching his teacher and preceptor.
[7] One is confident when teaching his students with loving-kindness.
[8] One is confident when making use of the requisites of robes, alms food, dwellings and medicine for support when sick.
[9] One’s speech is readily accepted.

These are the ten confidences.

The Discourse on the Analysis of Deeds is Complete