Book XXI. Miscellaneous, Pakiṇṇaka Vagga

XXI. 9. The Solitary Monk Text: N iii. 471-473.
Ekavihārittheravatthu (305)

305. He that sits alone...

This religious instruction was given by the Teacher while he was in residence at Jetavana with reference to a monk named Elder Solitary.

It appears that this Elder was known to the fourfold community as one who sat alone and walked alone and stood alone. Now the [30.188] monks told the Tathāgata about him, saying, “Reverend Sir, such and such is the practice of this Elder.” “Well done! well done!” exclaimed the Teacher, {3.472} applauding him. “He that is a monk ought to live as a solitary.” And praising the life of solitude, he pronounced the following Stanza,

305. He who sits alone, lodges alone, and walks alone, unwearied,
He who, alone, subdues himself, such a man will delight in the outskirts of the forest.