Buddhist Wisdom Verses

2: Pāpavaggo

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Six Faults

SN 1.1.76 Najīratisuttaṁ

A god comes and asks the Buddha various questions, including one about how many faults there are.

26. Cha lokasmiṁ chiddāni yattha vittaṁ na tiṭṭhati:
Ālassaṁ ca pamādo ca, anuṭṭhānaṁ asaññamo,
Niddā tandī ca te chidde, sabbaso taṁ vivajjaye.

There are these six faults in the world
Where wealth and goods do not persist:
They are: laziness, heedlessness,
Lack of action, lack of restraint,
Sleepiness and sloth: these are faults,
He should altogether avoid them.

Various Dangers

DN 31 Sigālasuttaṁ

The Buddha explains various dangerous courses of action to the young man Sigāla.

27. Ussūraseyyā paradārasevanā,
Verappasaṅgo ca anatthatā ca,
Pāpā ca mittā, sukadariyatā ca:
Ete cha ṭhānā purisaṁ dhaṁsayanti.

Those who sleep late, and go to others’ wives,
Are inclined to hate, disregarding good,
Have wicked friends, and are very stingy:
These six things will surely destroy a man.

28. Pāpamitto pāpasakho, pāpa-ācāragocaro,
Asmā lokā paramhā ca ubhayā dhaṁsate naro.

Having a wicked companion,
A wicked conduct and living,
A person is surely destroyed
Both in this world and in the next.

29. Akkhitthiyo vāruṇī naccagītaṁ,
Divā soppaṁ, pāricariyā akāle,
Pāpā ca mittā, sukadariyatā ca,
Ete cha ṭhānā purisaṁ dhaṁsayanti.

Addiction to women, drink, song and dance,
Sleeping in the day, wandering at night,
Having wicked friends, and being stingy:
These six things will surely destroy a man.

30. Akkhehi dibbanti, suraṁ pivanti,
Yant’ itthiyo pāṇasamā paresaṁ,
Nihīnasevī na ca vuddhasevī,
Nihīyate kāḷapakkhe va candimā.

Through playing with dice and drinking liquor,
Going to others’ wives, held dear as life,
Practicing what is base, not what prospers,
He wanes like the moon in the dark fortnight.

31. Yo vāruṇi adhano akiñcano,
Pipāso pivaṁ papaṁ gato,
Udakam-iva iṇaṁ vigāhati,
Akulaṁ kāhati khippam-attano.

He who drinks too much, and is destitute,
Thirsty for drink like one come to water,
Who falls into debt as into a river,
He quickly undoes his own family.

32. Na divā soppasīlena, rattim-uṭṭhānadassinā,
Niccaṁ mattena soṇḍena, sakkā āvasituṁ gharaṁ.

Being sleepy during the day,
And energetic at nighttime,
Being addicted to drinking,
He no longer lives in his home.

Ten Things that should be Done

Jā 468 Janasandhajātakaṁ

The Bodhisatta, when he was King Janasandha, explained ten courses of action which, when not done, bring about regret in the future.

33. Dasa khalu imāni ṭhānāni, yāni pubbe akārĭtvā,
Sa pacchā anutappati, iccevāha Janasandho.

There are ten things when not done,
He regrets it in the future,
So said good King Janasandha.

34. Aladdhā vittaṁ tappati pubbe asamudānitaṁ,
‘Na pubbe dhanam-esissaṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

Not having gained or gathered wealth
In the past, he suffers, thinking:
‘I did not seek riches and wealth,’
This he regrets in the future.

35. ‘Sakyarūpaṁ pure santaṁ, mayā sippaṁ na sikkhitaṁ,
Kicchā vutti asippassa,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘In the past, when I was able,
I did not train in trade or craft,
There is hardship without a craft,’
This he regrets in the future.

36. ‘Kūṭavedī pure āsiṁ, pisuṇo piṭṭhimaṁsiko,
Caṇḍo ca pharuso cāsiṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘In the past I was deceitful,
Divisive and a backbiter,
I was violent and was rough,’
This he regrets in the future.

37. ‘Pāṇātipātī pure āsiṁ, luddo cāsiṁ anāriyo,
Bhūtānaṁ nāpacāyissaṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘Before I killed living beings,
Being an ignoble hunter,
Having no respect for creatures,’
This he regrets in the future.

38. ‘Bahūsu vata santīsu anāpādāsu itthisu,
Paradāraṁ asevissaṁ’, iti pacchānutappati.

‘Though there were many women who
Were not married to another,
I assaulted another’s wife’,
This he regrets in the future.

39. ‘Bahumhi vata santamhi, annapāne upaṭṭhite,
Na pubbe adadiṁ dānaṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘Though food and drink was got ready,
Still I did not give any gifts,’
This he regrets in the future.

40. ‘Mātaraṁ Pitarañ-cāpi, jiṇṇake gatayobbane,
Pahusanto na posissaṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘With Mother and Father grown old,
Still I did not give them support,’
This he regrets in the future.

41. ‘Ācariyam-anusatthāraṁ sabbakāmarasāharaṁ,
Pitaraṁ atimaññissaṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘I despised my teachers and friends,
Who desired good things for me,
I also despised my father,’
This he regrets in the future.

42. ‘Samaṇe brāhmaṇe cāpi sīlavante bahussute,
Na pubbe payirupāsissaṁ,’ iti pacchānutappati.

‘I did not pay much honour,
To virtuous, learned monastics,’
This he regrets in the future.

43. ‘Sādhu hoti tapo ciṇṇo, santo ca payirupāsito,
Na ca pubbe tapo ciṇṇo,’ iti pacchānutappati.

Knowing: ‘Austerity is good,
And a good person is honoured,
I didn’t practice austerity,’
This he regrets in the future.

44. Yo ca etāni ṭhānāni, yoniso paṭipajjati,
Karaṁ purisakiccāni, sa pacchā nānutappati.

He who practises this wisely,
Who has done his moral duty,
Regrets it not in the future.