Dīpavaṁsa
[The Chronicle of the Island]

III. The Great Lineage of Kings

1. Setting aside the kings who reigned in the past kappa, to whatever forms of existence they may have passed, I shall completely enumerate the kings of the present kappa.

2. Their descent, their name and tribe, their age and (the length of) their reign, all that I will proclaim, listen to it according to the truth.

3. The first inaugurated king, a ruler of the earth, full of brilliancy, prince Mahāsammata by name, reigned over his kingdom.

4. His son was called Roja by name; (then followed) the prince called Vararoja, Kalyāṇa and Varakalyāṇa, Uposatha, the lord of the earth; –

5. the seventh of them was Mandhātā who reigned over the four Dīpas. (Then followed) Cara, king Upacara, and Cetiya, the lord of the earth; –

6. Mucala, Mahāmucala, Mucalinda and also Sāgara, Sāgaradeva, and Bharata, the prince called Bhagīrasa, –

7. Ruci, and he who was called Mahāruci, Patāpa, and also Mahāpatāpa, Panāda, and Mahāpanāda, the king called Sudassana, –

8. he who was called Mahāsudassana, two Nerus, and Accimā. These were twenty-eight kings by number; their age extended to an Asaṅkheyya (of years).

9. In Kusāvatī, in Rājagaha, in Mithilā, [130] best of towns, these kings reigned; their age extended to an Asaṅkheyya (of years).

10. Ten times ten is one hundred; ten times a hundred is one thousand; ten times a thousand is ten thousand; ten times ten thousand is a hundred thousand; –

11. ten times a hundred thousand is one koṭi; (the following numerals are) pakoṭi, koṭippakoṭi, nahuta, and ninnahuta, abbuda, and nirabbuda, –

12. ababa, and also aṭaṭa, ahaha, and kumuda, sogandhika, uppala, puṇḍarīka, paduma.

13. All these numbers are numerable and calculable by the means of calculation; the stage (of numbers) beyond these is called asaṅkheyya (not calculable).

14. One hundred kings, sons of Accimā, governed their great kingdom in the town called Pakula (?).

15. The last of these kings was the prince called Arindama; his sons and grandsons, fifty-six princes, governed their great kingdom in the town of Ayujjhanagara.

16. The last of these kings was Duppasaha, the lord of the earth; his sons and grandsons, sixty rulers of the earth, reigned over their great kingdom in Bārāṇasī, best of towns.

17. The last of these kings was the prince called Ajitajana; his sons and grandsons, eighty-four thousand by number, reigned over their great kingdom in the town of Kapilanagara.

18. The last of these kings was Brahmadatta, the lord of the earth; his sons and grandsons, thirty-six princes, reigned over their great kingdom in Hatthipura, best of towns.

19. The last of these kings was Kambalavasabha; his sons and grandsons, thirty-two princes, reigned there in the town of Ekacakkhu.

20. The last of these kings was Purindada, honoured by the surname Deva; his sons and grandsons, twenty-eight princes, reigned over their great kingdom in Vajirā, best of towns.

21. The last of these kings was the prince called Sādhina. His sons and grandsons, twenty-two royal princes, reigned over their great kingdom in Madhurā, best of towns.

22. The last of these kings was valiant Dhammagutta; his sons and grandsons, eighteen princes, reigned there in the town of Ariṭṭhapura.

23. The last of these kings was the chief [131] of men called Siṭṭhi; his sons and grandsons, seventeen princes, reigned there in the town of Indapatta.

24. The last of these kings was Brahmadeva, the lord of the earth; his sons and grandsons, fifteen princes, reigned there in the town of Ekacakkhu.

25. The last of these kings was Baladatta, the lord of the earth; his sons and grandsons, fourteen royal princes, governed their great kingdom in the town of Kosambī.

26. The last of them was the king known as Bhaddadeva; his sons and grandsons, nine royal princes, reigned there in the town of Kaṇṇagoccha.

27. The last of them was the king renowned by the name of Naradeva; his sons and grandsons, seven royal princes, governed their great kingdom in the town of Rojānanagara.

28. The last of these kings was the prince called Mahinda; his sons and grandsons, twelve royal princes, governed their great kingdom in the town of Campānagara.

29. The last of these kings was Nāgadeva, the lord of the earth; his sons and grandsons, twenty-five princes, governed their great kingdom in the town of Mithilānagara.

30. The last of these kings was valiant Buddhadatta; his sons and grandsons, twenty-five princes, governed their great kingdom in Rājagaha, best of towns.

31. The last of these kings was the prince called Dīpaṅkara; his sons and grandsons, twelve royal princes, governed their great kingdom in Takkasilā, best of towns.

32. The last of these kings was the prince called Tālissara; his sons and grandsons, twelve royal princes, reigned over their great kingdom in Kusinārā, best of towns.

33. The last of these kings was the prince called Purinda; his sons and grandsons, nine royal princes, reigned over their great kingdom in the town of Malitthiya (Tāmalitti?).

34. The last of these kings was Sāgaradeva, the lord of the earth; his son Makhādeva was a great, liberal giver.

35. His sons and grandsons, eighty-four thousand by number, reigned over their great kingdom in the town of Mithilānagara.

36. The last of these kings was Nemiya, honoured by the surname Deva, a universal monarch, a lord of the whole earth which the ocean surrounds. [132]

37. Nemiya’s son was Kalārajanaka; his son was Samaṅkura; (then followed) king Asoka, an inaugurated prince.

38. His sons and grandsons, eighty-four thousand by number, reigned over their great kingdom in Bārāṇasī, best of towns.

39. The last of these kings was the lord of the earth called Vijaya; his son was high-born, brilliant Vijitasena; –

40. (then followed) Dhammasena, Nāgasena, the (king) called Samatha, Disampati, Reṇu, Kusa, Mahākusa, Navaratha, and also Dasaratha, –

41. Rāma, the (king) called Biḷāratha, Cittadassī, Atthadassī, Sujāta, and Okkāka, Okkāmukha, and Nipura, –

42. Candimā, and Candamukha, king Sivi, Sañjaya, Vessantara, the ruler of men, Jālī, and Sīhavāhana, prince Sīhassara, the wise preserver of royal succession.

43. His sons and grandsons, eighty-two thousand kings, reigned in the town called Kapila(vatthu).

44. The last of these kings was Jayasena, the lord of the earth; his son was high-born, brilliant Sīhahanu.

45. The sons of that (?) Sīhahanu were five brothers, Suddhodana, and Dhota (Dhotodana), prince Sakkodana, –

46. king Sukkodana, and king Amitodana; all these five kings had names containing the word odana.

47. He the son of Suddhodana, Siddhattha, the chief of the world, begot Rāhulabhadda, and then left his home in order to strive for Buddhaship.

48. The total number of these highly powerful … kings is four Nahutas, one hundred thousand, and three hundred more.

49. So many lords of the earth are mentioned who originated from the family of the Bodhisatta in this first (?) kappa, preservers of royal succession, rulers of men The last words, which I think belong to this place, form, in the MSS, the second part of v.53.. –

50. Perishable, alas! is whatever exists, subject to origin and decay; it appears and perishes; its extinction is bliss.

End of the great lineage of kings.

[133] 51. The king called Suddhodana reigned in the town called Kapila(vatthu), he the royal son of Sīhahanu.

52. Amid the five mountains, in Rājagaha, best of towns, reigned the prince who was called king Bodhisa (Bhātiya! The father of Bimbisāra.).

53. Suddhodana and Bhātiya were friends of each other. When (Bimbisāra) was eight years old, five wishes arose (in his mind):

54. “May my royal father instruct me in the duties of royalty; may he, the Buddha, the highest of men, arise in my kingdom; –

55. may the Tathāgata show himself first to me (before going to other kings); may he preach to me the eternal Truth; may I penetrate that most excellent Truth.”

56. These were the five wishes which arose in Bimbisāra’s mind. When he was fifteen years old, he received the royal coronation after his father’s death; –

57. he (Buddha) the chief of the world arose in his beautiful kingdom; the Tathāgata showed himself to him first; when he preached his eternal Truth, the lord of the earth apprehended it.

58. The great hero then was full thirty-five years old; Bimbisāra, the lord of the earth, was thirty years old. Gotama was five years older than Bimbisāra.

59. Fifty-two years this prince reigned; thirty-seven years he reigned after having formed that connection with the Buddha.

60. Prince Ajātasattu reigned thirty-two years. Eight years after his coronation the Sambuddha reached Parinibbāna.

61. After the Parinibbāna of the Sambuddha, the highest One in the world, the chief of men, that prince reigned (still) twenty-four years.