[I: The First Teachings]
[7: The Abstainer Upaka]
Then the Fortunate One, having dwelt for as long as he liked left on walking tour for Bārāṇasī. Jā Nid says this took place on the morning of the 14th day of the fortnight, which would only give the Buddha a day to reach Isipatana, about 250 km away; Mahāvastu is more realistic, giving much more detail which, when we inspect it would mean the Buddha took at least a week to make the journey, see Uruvilvā to Ṛṣipatana elsewhere on this website. The Abstainer He belonged to the Ājīvaka sect founded by Gosāla Makkhaliputta, one of the six famous teachers in Lord Buddha’s time. The title of the sect indicates that they were known to have special rules in regard to their livelihood (
“All-Conquering, All-Wise am I, First verse = Dhp 353. Comm: All-Conquering means he stood having conquered all states in the three grounds (of existence), All-Wise means he knew and understood all states in the four grounds (including Emancipation).
Undefiled in regard to all things,
Having given up everything, liberated through the destruction of craving,
Having deep knowledge myself, who should I point to (as Teacher)? Comm: who should I point to means what other should I point to saying, this is my Teacher?
There is no Teacher for me, The commentary makes clear that this refers to being a Teacher of the Supermundane state, of course the Bodhisatta is not forgetting his mundane teachers. no one like me is found,
There is no person equal to me in the world with its gods.
I am a Worthy One in the world, I am the Unsurpassed Teacher,
I am the One Perfect Sambuddha, cool and passionless.
I go to Kāsi’s city Kāsi is the state of which Bārāṇasī was the capital. to set the Dhamma-Wheel rolling,
I will beat the drum of the Deathless in a world that is blind.”
“It is as if you claim, friend, you are a Worthy One, an Infinite Victor!” This is apparently said incredulously, although the words themselves do not really make it clear.
“There are surely Victors like me, This sounds odd here after the claims to uniqueness above. who have attained the destruction of the pollutants.
I have been victorious over all wicked things, therefore, Upaka, I am a Victor.”
When this was said, the Abstainer Upaka, after saying: “It may be so, friend,” The form
last updated: June 2010