The Life of the Victorious Buddha

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The Perfections [vv. 60-69]

Then, while sitting there, Sumedha examined above, below, and in the main and intermediate directions what things go to make one a Buddha, and he examined all the elements of the Dhamma in this way. The first thing he saw in his mind was the perfection of giving, and when he had understood it fully, he sought out the next perfection.

In this way he saw by himself with the eye of knowledge all the perfections, and enduring a great deal of suffering in the rolling on of Saṁsāra, seeking the peaceful, the deathless, he fulfilled the perfection of giving by giving to all beings, like a wish-fulfilling tree or a wish-fulfilling jewel, and gave whatever they desired, beginning with excellent food and so forth.

After doing a good many other things, as many as the stars in the sky, gladly the Hero, tore out his charming eyes and gave them to beggars. He also gave his body's flesh, more than the dust on the earth; and his blood, more than the waters in the ocean. After giving away his diadem-adorned heads countless times, while making the earth shake, he even gave away his wife and children.

Thus after fulfilling all the perfections of generosity, morality, renunciation, wisdom, energy, patience, truthfulness, resolution, friendliness, and equanimity, he was born as Vessantara. From that life he passed away and re-arose in the Tusita Heaven, the beautiful abode of the Gods, and for a very long time he dwelt there enjoying endless blessings.