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Maps of Ancient Buddhist Asia

A series of maps illustrating points of interest in the Life of the Buddha, the surroundings he taught in, and the development of Buddhism throughout Asia.

In this section there are 30+ maps of places in Ancient Asia to help as a reference for those interested in understanding the geography and history presented in Buddhist texts and history. A number of them have been prepared especially for this section, and others accompany particular texts and translations that are presented elsewhere on this website. The intention is to add to this section as and when the need arises. I have included modern place names in some of the maps so as to help orientate the reader, who may not be familiar with the geography of Asia. I have also annotated the maps to give sources and further relevant information that could not be included elsewhere.

I have now given a a number of talks based on these maps, and then made videos out of them, including additional information and photographs, etc. where relevant. They can be accessed on YouTube:

  1. The Early Life of the Buddha
  2. The Last Year of the Buddha’s Life
  3. Asoka and the Missions
  4. The Spread of Buddhism through Asia
  5. Representing the Buddha

My main sources for information in compiling the maps, besides the traditional Texts, Commentaries and Chronicles, have been the following:

Many other books have incidental information, including the various annotated translations I have consulted during the course of this work. I am particularly grateful to Bhante S. Dhammika for checking the maps through for me and making many useful suggestions and corrections, which has helped improve them considerably.

Ānandajoti Bhikkhu
August 2012





During Lord Buddha’s Time




During King Asoka’s Time



Travels along the Silk Roads


Note that these maps are approximate only. They have been made from satellite photographs, but the terrain, needless to say, has changed a great deal since Lord Buddha’s time. I still hope, however, that they give students a better idea of the lands where the Buddha lived and taught.


There is also this google map produced by Sutta Central called
Buddha’s India

For those who are interested in maps as a source of understanding history I would recommend
World History Maps
by Thomas Lessman, well-made maps which cover most periods of time.