[from V. The Third Recital]

[Decline of the Dispensation]
537-544 ≠ Mhv 228-235

Tato pabhuti Saṅghassa lābhā Mhv: lābho.02 'tīva mahā ahu,
From that time the gains of the Community were very great,

pacchā pasannā ca janā yasmā lābhā Mhv: lābhaṁ.03 pavattayuṁ, [537]
and because of those people who later gained faith there were (great) gains,

pahīnalābhasakkārā titthiyā lābhakāraṇā,
and because the sectarians who had gains lost their gains and respect,

antamaso ghāsacchādanamattaṁ pi nālabhiṁsu te, [538]
and did not receive even so much as their food and clothing,

sayaṁ kāsāyam-ādāya, vasiṁsu saha bhikkhuhi
having themselves taken the yellow robes I.e. without proper ordination.04 they dwelt with the monks

yathā sakañ-ca te vādaṁ: “Buddhavādo” ti dīpayuṁ,
and each one explained his own view, saying: “(This is) the Awakened One's view,”

yathāsakaṁ taṁ Mhv: ca.05 kiriyaṁ akariṁsu yathāruciṁ. Mhv: -ruci.06 [539]
and they each carried out their own vows just as they liked.

* * *

Tato Moggaliputto so Thero thiraguṇodayo,
Then the Elder Moggaliputta, firm in the development of virtue,

Sāsanabbudam-uppannaṁ disvā taṁ atikakkhalaṁ, [540]
having seen the arising of this very rough tumour on the Dispensation,

tassopasamane kālaṁ dīghadassī apekkhiya,
being far-seeing, looked for the right time to relieve it,

datvā Mahindatherassa mahābhikkhugaṇaṁ sakaṁ, [541]
after giving over his own great chapter of monks to the Elder Mahinda,

uddhaṁ Gaṅgāya eko va Ahogaṅgamhi pabbate
vihāsi satta vassāni, vivekaṁ anubrūhayaṁ. [542]

dwelt alone for seven years high up the Ganges on the Ahogaṅga mountain, devoting himself to solitude. This is exactly the place where the Elders who led the Second Council went to discuss what measures should be taken in regard to the Vesālī monks who were not maintaining traditional discipline.07

Titthiyānaṁ bahuttā ca dubbacattā ca, bhikkhavo
(As) the sectarian monks were manifold and obstinate, the monks

tesaṁ kātuṁ na sakkhiṁsu, Dhammena paṭisedhanaṁ. [543]
were not able to make them train, or be restrained by Dhamma.

Teneva Jambudīpamhi sabbārāmesu bhikkhavo
Because of that in all the monasteries in the Rose-Apple Isle the monks

satta vassāni nākaṁsu Uposathapavāraṇaṁ. [544]
did not hold the Observance or the Invitation The fortnightly Observance, when the Disciplinary Rules are recited, and the yearly Invitation for correction. These are two of the main legal acts that the Saṅgha carry out, and being unable to perform them would be considered a serious problem.08 for seven years.