Karma-vibhaṅga-sāro
The Essence of the Analysis of Deeds

[62-80: Wholesome Deeds]

[62] Saluting Caityas in the Middle Country

Katame daśānuśaṁsā Madhya-deśe catur-mahā-caitya-Lumbinī-Mahā-bodhi-prabhtiṣu Tathāgata-caityāñjali-karma-praṇipāte?
What are the ten advantages We return now to the set formulas that opened the discourse. of saluting with reverence the memorial buildings of the Realised One in the Middle Country, the four great memorial buildings in Lumbinī, Mahābodhi and so on? Lumbinī, the site of the Bodhisattva’s birth; Mahābodhi, where he attained awakening; ṣipatana, where he taught the first discourse; and Kuśinārā, where he passed away.

Ucyate:
It is said:

Madhya-deśe janma pratilabhate.
One obtains a birth in the Middle Country. [1]

Udārāṇi ca vastrāṇi pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent clothes. [2]

Udāraṁ kulam pratilabhate.
One obtains an excellent family. [3]

Udāraṁ vayaḥ pratilabhate.
One obtains an excellent age. [4]

Udāraṁ svaram pratilabhate.
One obtains an excellent voice. [5]

Udārām pratibhānatām pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent intelligence. [6]

Udārāṁ śraddhām pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent faith. [7]

Udāraṁ śīlam pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent virtue. [8]

Udāraṁ śrutam pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent fame. [9]

Udāraṁ tyāgam pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent generosity. [10]

Udārāṁ smtim pratilabhate.
One obtains an excellent memory. [11]

Udārām prajñām pratilabhate.
One obtains excellent wisdom. The confirmatory statement at the end of the list is missing here. [12]

{Examples}

 

[63] Saluting Caityas (Elsewhere)

Katame daśānuśaṁsās Tathāgata-caitya-vandanāyām?
What are the ten advantages of worshipping the memorial buildings of the Realised One (somewhere else)?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Abhirūpo bhavati.
One becomes handsome. [1]

Susvaraḥ.
Has a good voice. [2]

Ādeyavākyaḥ.
Has acceptable speech. [3]

Pariṣadam upasaṁkrāntaḥ pariṣadam āvarjayati.
Walking into an assembly one propitiates the assembly. [4]

Priyo bhavati deva-manuṣyāṇām.
One is dear to gods and men. [5]

Maheśākhyo bhavati.
One is distinguished. [6]

Maheśākhyaiḥ samāgamo sattvaiḥ bhavati.
One has the society of distinguished people. [7]

Buddhair Buddha-śrāvakaiś ca samāgamo bhavati.
One has the society of Buddhas and the Buddha’s disciples. [8]

Mahā-bhogo bhavati.
One has great wealth. [9]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [10]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [11]

Ime daśānuśāṁsās Tathāgata-caitya-vandanāyāḥ.
These are the ten advantages of worshipping the memorial buildings of the Realised One.

 

[64] Giving a Parasol

Katame daśānuśaṁsāś chattra-pradānasya?
What are the ten advantages of giving a parasol?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Chattra-bhūto bhavati lokasya.
One has the nature of being a parasol for the world. [1]

Anavatapto bhavati kāyena.
One is not overheated in body. [2]

Anavatapto bhavati cittena.
One is not overheated in mind. [3]

Ādhipatya-saṁvartanīyaṁ cānena karma ktam bhavaty upacitam.
All blameless deeds done that lead to sovereignty accumulate. [4]

Punaḥ punaś ca Rājā bhavati Cakravartī.
Again and again one becomes a Universal Monarch. A parasol was a mark of kingship in ancient India. [5]

Maheśākhyo bhavati.
One is distinguished. [6]

Maheśākhyaiḥ sattvaiḥ samāgamo bhavati.
One has the society of distinguished people. [7]

Buddhair Buddha-śrāvakaiś ca samāgamo bhavati.
One has the society of Buddhas and Buddha’s disciples. [8]

Mahābhogo bhavati.
One has great wealth. [9]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [10]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [11]

{Examples}

Ime daśānuśaṁsaś chattra-pradānasya.
These are the ten advantages of giving a parasol.

 

[65] Giving a Temple Bell

Katame daśānuśaṁsā ghaṇṭā-pradānasya?
What are the ten advantages of giving a temple bell?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Abhirūpo bhavati.
One becomes handsome. [1]

Susvaro bhavati.
One has a good voice. [2]

Manojña-bhāṣī bhavati.
One has pleasing speech. [3]

Kalaviṅkaruta-bhāṣī bhavati.
One has speech like a cuckoo. [4]

Ādeyavākyo bhavati.
One has acceptable speech. [5]

Nityaṁ samprahāryajāto The form here can hardly be right, I read it as samprahāṣyajāto. bhavati.
One always has causes for joy. [6]

Punaḥ punar ānandaṁ śabdaṁ śṇoti.
Again and again one hears sounds that are joyous. [7]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [8]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [9]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [10]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā ghaṇṭā-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues The question asked above was about advantages (anuśaṁsa). of giving a temple bell.

 

[66] Giving Clothes

Katame daśa guṇā vastra-pradānasya.
What are the ten virtues of giving clothes.

Ucyate:
It is said:

Ślakṣṇa-chavir bhavati.
One has soft skin. [1]

Snigdhac-chavir bhavati.
One has smooth skin. [2]

Na ca rajaś cailaṁ kāye śliṣyati.
Dust does not stick to the cloth on his body. [3]

Hrīrapatrāpya-sampanno bhavati.
One is endowed with conscience and shame. [4]

Priya-darśano bhavati.
One is pleasant looking. [5]

Prabhūta-vastro bhavati.
One has abundant clothing. [6]

Lābhī ca bhavati sūkṣmāṇāṁ vastrāṇām āstaraṇānām.
One receives clothes and spreadings that are delicate. [7]

Mahā-bhogo bhavati.
One has great wealth. [8]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [9]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [10]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇānuśaṁsā vastra-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtuous advantages Compare the question, which, possibly accidentally, omits anuśaṁsa. of giving clothes.

 

[67] Giving Seats

Katame daśānuśaṁsā āsana-pradānasya?
What are the ten advantages of giving seats?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Guru-sthānīyo bhavati lokasya.
One stands firmly in the world. [1]

Priya-darśano bhavati.
One is pleasant looking. [2]

Prāsādiko bhavati.
One is amiable. [3]

Paṇḍita-janābhigamyo bhavati.
One is visited by wise people. [4]

Yaśaḥ kīrtiś cāsya loke prathitā bhavati.
One’s fame and renown increase in the world. [5]

Sukha-saumanasya bahulo bhavati.
One has much happiness and satisfaction. [6]

Svadeśe ’bhiramati.
One delights in his own country. [7]

Āsanair avaikalyam bhavati.
One has a sufficiency of seats. [8]

Upasthāyakair avaikalyam bhavati.
One has a sufficiency of servants. [9]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [10]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [11]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [12]

Ime daśa guṇā āsana-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues The question was about advantages (anuśaṁsa). Same at 69 below. of giving seats.

 

[68] Giving Vessels

Katame daśānuśaṁsā bhājana-pradānasya?
What are the ten advantages of giving vessels?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Bhājana-bhūto bhavati.
One becomes a vessel (for the Dharma). [1]

Guṇānāṁ snigdha-saṁtatir bhavati.
One’s virtues are smooth and uninterrupted. [2]

Na ca tṣā-bahulo bhavati.
One does not have great thirst. [3]

Tṣārtasya pānīyam prādur-bhavati.
When suffering from thirst, water appears. [4]

Na ca preteṣūpapadyate.
One is not reborn amongst the pretas. [5]

Bhājanair avaikalyam bhavati.
One has a sufficiency of containers. [6]

Mahābhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [7]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [8]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [9]

Ime daśānuśaṁsā bhājana-pradānasya.
These are the ten advantages of giving containers.

 

[69] Giving Food

Katame daśānuśaṁsā bhojana-pradānasya?
What are the ten advantages of giving food?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Balavān bhavati.
One becomes strong. [1]

Varṇavān bhavati.
One becomes beautiful. [2]

Sukhito bhavati.
One becomes happy. [3]

Pratibhānavān bhavati.
One becomes intelligent. [4]

Dīrghāyur bhavati.
One has long life. [5]

Mahājanābhigamyo bhavati.
One is visited by the populace. [6]

Priya-darśano bhavati.
One is pleasant looking. [7]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [8]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [9]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [10]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā bhojana-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving food

 

[70] Giving Vehicles

Katame daśa guṇā yāna-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving vehicles?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Sukumāra-caraṇo bhavati.
One has tender feet. [1]

Supratiṣṭhita-caraṇo bhavati.
One stands firm on his feet. [2]

Mārga-klamatho na bhavati.
One doesn’t get exhausted on the road. [3]

Na ca bahva-mitro bhavati.
One doesn’t have many enemies. [4]

Punaḥ punaḥ ddhipādān pratilabhate.
Again and again one attains the bases of success. [5]

Hastyaśvādibhir yānair avaikalyam bhavati.
One has a sufficiency of vehicles, elephants and horses and so on. [6]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [7]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [8]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. The confirmatory sentence at the end of the list is missing here. [9]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā yāna-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving vehicles.

 

[71] Giving Refuge

Katame daśa guṇāḥ pratiśraya-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving refuge?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Rājā bhavati prādeśikaḥ.
One becomes king of the district. [1]

Rājā bhavati māṇḍalikaḥ.
One becomes king of the province. [2]

Rājā bhavati Jambudvīpādhipatiḥ.
One becomes king and lord of Jambudvīpa. [3]

Rājā bhavati dvīpa-dvayādhipatiḥ.
One becomes king and lord of two continents. [4]

Rājā bhavati dvīpa-trayādhipatiḥ.
One becomes king and lord of three continents. [5]

Rājā bhavati catur-dvīpādhipatiś Cakravartī.
One becomes king, lord and Universal Monarch of four continents. [6]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [7]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [8]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [9]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇāḥ pratiśrayapradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving refuge.

 

[72] Giving Drinks

Katame daśa guṇāḥ pānaka-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving drinks?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Sarvendriya-sampanno bhavati.
One is endowed with all the faculties. [1]

Prasanna-vadano.
Has a clear face. [2]

Viśuddha-lalāṭaḥ.
A pure forehead. [3]

Snigdhac-chaviḥ.
Smooth skin. [4]

Saṁgata-bhāṣī bhavati.
One has agreeable speech. [5]

Na ca tṣā-bahulo bhavati.
One is never greatly thirsty. [6]

Tṣitasya pānīyam prādur-bhavati.
When one is thirsty water appears. [7]

Na ca preteṣūpapadyate.
One is not reborn amongst the pretas. [8]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [9]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [10]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [11]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇāḥ pānakapradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving drinks.

 

[73] Giving Garlands

Katame daśa guṇā mālā-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving garlands?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Mālā-bhūto bhavati lokasya.
One becomes like a garland to the world. [1]

Kāyād daurgandhyam apaiti.
Bad odour of the body disappears. [2]

Saugandhyam prādur-bhavati.
Good odour appears. [3]

Nitya-sugandho nityālaṁkto bhavati.
There is always a pleasant smell and ornaments. [4]

Abhedyaparivāro bhavati.
One’s following is undivided. [5]

Sarva-jana-priyo bhavati.
One is dear to all people. [6]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [7]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [8]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [9]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā mālāpradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving garlands.

 

[74] Giving Loose Flowers

Katame daśa guṇā mukta-puṣpa-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving loose flowers?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Puṣpa-bhūto bhavati lokasya.
One becomes like a flower to the world. [1]

Ghrāṇendriyaṁ viśudhyati.
The faculty of smell is purified. [2]

Kāya-daurgandhyaṁ samapaiti.
Bad odour of the body disappears. [3]

Saugandhyam prādur-bhavati.
Good odour appears. [4]

Daśa diśaḥ śīla-gandhaḥ khyātiṁ gacchati.
The sweet fame of one’s virtue blows in (all) ten directions. [5]

Abhigamanīyaś ca bhavati.
One is sought out (by others). [6]

Lābhī ca bhavati iṣṭānāṁ dharmāṇām.
One receives all desirable things. [7]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [8]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [9]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [10]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā mukta-puṣpa-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving loose flowers.

 

[75] Giving Lights

Katame daśa guṇā dīpa-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving lights?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Pradīpa-bhūto bhavati lokasya.
One becomes like a light to the world. [1]

Māṁsa-cakṣur naśyati.
The worldly eye disappears. [2]

Divya-cakṣuḥ prādur-bhavati.
The divine eye appears. [3]

Avidyāndha-kāraṁ vidhamati.
The blindness of ignorance is destroyed. [4]

Jñānāloka utpadyate.
Knowledge of the world arises. [5]

Kuśalākuśalān dharmān kṣipram prajñayā pratividhyati.
One quickly understands with wisdom what is wholesome and unwholesome. [6]

Saṁsāre saṁsarato ’vidyāndha-kāro na bhavati.
There is no blind ignorance regarding the running on of the round of births and deaths. [7]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [8]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [9]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [10]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā dīpa-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving lights.

 

[76] Giving Incense

Katame daśa guṇā gandha-pradānasya?
What are the ten virtues of giving incense?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Gandha-bhūto bhavati lokasya.
One becomes like incense to the world. [1]

Ghrāṇendriyaṁ viśudhyati.
One’s faculty of smell is purified. [2]

Kāya-daurgandhyam apaiti.
Bad odour of the body disappears. [3]

Saugandhyam prādur-bhavati.
Good odour appears. [4]

Daśa diśaḥ śīla-gandhaḥ pravāti.
The sweet fame of one’s virtue blows in (all) ten directions. [5]

Abhigamanīyo bhavati.
One is sought out (by others). [6]

Lābhī ca bhavati iṣṭānāṁ dharmāṇām.
One receives all desirable things. [7]

Mahā-bhogaś ca bhavati.
One has great wealth. [8]

Svargeṣūpapadyate.
One is reborn in heaven. [9]

Kṣipraṁ ca parinirvāti.
In a short while one attains final Nirvāṇa. [10]

{Examples}

Ime daśa guṇā gandha-pradānasya.
These are the ten virtues of giving incense.

 

[77] Going Forth

Katame daśa guṇāḥ pravrajyāyāḥ?
What are the ten virtues of going forth?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Putra-bhārya-duhit-dhana-tṣṇāsya na bhavati.
One doesn’t crave for wealth, daughters, wife or sons. [1]

Kāmasya parigraho na bhavati.
One is not possessed by sensual pleasures. [2]

Araṇya-vāse prītim pratilabhate.
One gains joy by living in the wilderness. [3]

Buddha-gocaraṁ sevate.
One associates with the way of the Buddha. [4]

Bāla-gocaraṁ vivarjayati.
One avoids the way of fools. [5]

Durgati-gamanīyān dharmān vivarjayati.
One avoids things which lead to a bad rebirth. [6]

Sugati-gamanīyān dharmān sevate.
One associates with things that lead to a good rebirth. [7]

Devā asya sphayanti.
The devas envy him. [8]

Nityaṁ Sugata-vacane pravrajyām pratilabhate.
One always gains the going forth in the word of the Fortunate One. [9]

Ime daśa guṇāḥ pravrajyāyā bhavanti.
These are the ten virtues of going forth.

 

[78] Living in Wilderness

Katame daśa guṇā araṇyavāsasya?
What are the ten virtues of living in the wilderness?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Saṁgaṇikā vivarjayati.
One avoids society. [1]

Pravivekaṁ sevate.
One associates with seclusion. [2]

Dhyānālambanaṁ cittam bhavati.
One’s mind achieves concentration. [3]

Na ca bahu-karma-ktyatām prāpnoti.
One doesn’t have a lot of work to be done. [4]

Buddhānāṁ smtiṁ yāti.
One has mindfulness of the Buddha. [5]

Prīti-sukha-saumanasyaṁ kāyo na jahāti.
One doesn’t abandon bodily joy, happiness and satisfaction. [6]

Antarāyāś ca na bhavanti.
One has no obstacles. [7]

Brahmacaryasya alpāyāsena samādhim adhigacchati.
One achieves concentration with agility in the spiritual life. [8]

Uddiṣṭaṁ cāsya pada-vyañjanaṁ na naśyati.
(Every) word and syllable one recites is not forgotten. [9]

Yathā-śrutānāṁ dharmāṇāṁ vistareṇārtham ājānati.
Just as one has heard, one knows (every) detail and meaning of things. [10]

Ime daśa guṇā araṇya-vāsasya.
These are the ten virtues of living in the wilderness.

 

[79] Living on Alms food

Katame daśa guṇāḥ paiṇḍapātikatve?
What are the ten virtues of living on alms food?

Ucyate:
It is said:

Caṅkramo ’sya upārjito bhavati.
One acquires a walking path. [1]

Gocaro ’sya prahato bhavati.
One pounds his resort. [2]

Māno ’sya nihato bhavati.
One’s pride is lowered. [3]

Ātmānaṁ lābhena yojayati.
One urges oneself on with gains. [4]

Parān puṇye pratiṣṭhāpayati.
One sets up the merit of others. [5]

Śāstuḥ śāsanaṁ dīpayati.
One expounds the Teacher’s dispensation. [6]

Paścimāyā janatāyā ālokaḥ kto bhavati.
One makes the way shine forth for the next generation. [7]

Sabrahmacāriṇām upaghātaḥ kto na bhavati.
One does no harm to his fellows in the spiritual life. [8]

Nīca-cittam upasthāpitam bhavati.
One establishes humility in the mind. [9]

Piṇḍapāta-para-cittasya bhikṣoḥ sarvā diśo ’pratikūlā bhavanti gamanāya.
The monk who has a mind set on alms is able to go in all directions without adversity. [10]

Ime daśa guṇāḥ piṇḍapātikatve.
These are the ten virtues of living on alms food.

 

[80] Ten Confidences

Daśa vaiśāradyāni.
There are ten confidences.

Katamāni daśa?
What are the ten? This list, which are the confidences of a monk, is unknown to other texts according to Edgerton (s.v. vaiśāradya). A list of four confidences of the Buddha is well-known: that he is truly awakened, that the pollutants are destroyed, that the Buddha has no obstacles and that the Dhamma is well-taught.

Ucyate:
It is said:

Viśārado grāmam praviśati.
One is confident when entering the village. [1]

Viśārado grāmān niṣkrāmati.
One is confident when leaving the village. [2]

Viśāradaḥ piṇḍapātam paribhuṅkte.
One is confident when making use of his alms food. [3]

Viśāradaḥ pariṣadi Dharmaṁ deśayati.
One is confident when teaching Dharma in the assembly [4]

Viśāradaḥ Saṁgha-madhyam avatarati.
One is confident when entering into the midst of the Sangha. [5]

Viśārada ācāryopādhyāyān upasaṁkrāmati.
One is confident when approaching his teacher and preceptor. [6]

Viśārado maitra-cittaḥ śiṣyān anuśāsti.
One is confident when teaching his students with loving-kindness. [7]

Viśāradaś cīvara-piṇḍapāta-śayanāsana-glāna-pratyaya-bhaiṣajya-pariṣkārān paribhuṅkte.
One is confident when making use of the requisites of robes, alms food, dwellings and medicine for support when sick. [8]

Grāhyaṁ cāsya vaco bhavati.
One’s speech is readily accepted. [9]

Imāni daśa vaiśāradyāni.
These are the ten confidences.

Karma-Vibhaṅga-Sūtraṁ Samāptam
The Discourse on the Analysis of Deeds is Complete