5: Priyavarga

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
priyebhyo jāyate śokaḥ priyebhyo jāyate bhayam |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
priyebhyo vipramuktānāṁ nāsti śokaḥ kuto bhayam || 5.1 [122]

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
priyebhyo jāyate śokaḥ priyebhyo jāyate bhayam |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
priyāṇām anyathībhāvād unmādam api gacchati || 5.2 [123]

 

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−    Triṣṭubh
śokā hi ye vai paridevitaṁ ca

−−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
duḥkhaṁ ca lokasya hi naikarūpam |

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
priyaṁ pratītyeha tad asti sarvaṁ

⏑−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
priye 'sati syān na kathaṁ cid etat || 5.3 [124]

 

−−⏑−,¦⏑⏑−¦−⏑−−    Triṣṭubh
tasmād dhi te sukhitā vītaśokā

−−⏑−,¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
yeṣāṁ priyaṁ nāsti kathaṁ cid eva |

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−−
tasmād aśokaṁ padam eṣamāṇaḥ

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑,⏑¦−⏑−−
priyaṁ na kurvīta hi jīvaloke || 5.4 [125]

 

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
mā priyaiḥ saṁgamo jātu mā ca syād apriyaiḥ sadā |

⏑−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    9 syllables Dhp 210: piyānaṁ adassanaṁ dukkhaṁ, which also has 9 syllables.01
priyāṇām adarśanaṁ duḥkham apriyāṇāṁ ca darśanam || 5.5 [126]

 

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
priyāṇāṁ ca vinābhāvād apriyāṇāṁ ca saṁgramāt |

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
tīvra utpadyate śoko jīryante yena mānavāḥ || 5.6 [127]

 

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−    bhavipulā
priyaṁ mtaṁ kālagataṁ jñātayaḥ sahitāḥ sthitāḥ |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
śocanti dīrgham adhvānaṁ duḥkho hi priyasaṁgamaḥ || 5.7 [128]

 

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
tasmāt priyaṁ na kurvīta priyabhāvo hi pāpakaḥ |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
granthās teṣāṁ na vidyante yeṣāṁ nāsti priyāpriyam || 5.8 [129]

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ayoge yujya cātmānaṁ yoge cāyujya sarvadā |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
arthaṁ hitvā priyagrāhī sphayaty arthayogine || 5.9 [130]

 

⏑⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    bhavipulā This verse appears in Old Gīti in the Pāḷi Udāna (2.7), but has been recast to the more familiar Śloka here. The next verse, which follows on from this one in the Udāna, is preserved in the same metre as in the Pāḷi.02
priyarūpasātagrathitā devakāyāḥ pthaksthitāḥ |

−−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
āghādinaḥ paridyūnā mtyurājavaśaṁ gatāḥ || 5.10 [131]

 

−−¦⏑−⏑¦−−¦−−⏑¦−−¦⏑−⏑¦⏑⏑−¦−    Old Gīti
ye vai divā ca rātrau caivāpramattāḥ priyaṁ jahati nityam |

−−¦⏑−⏑¦⏑⏑−¦−−¦⏑−¦⏑−⏑¦⏑⏑−¦− We have to read khanantĭ with tv not making position in the 1st half of the pādayuga; and mtyū in the 2nd half in order to correct the metre.03
te vai khananti tv aghamūlaṁ mtyu-r-āmiṣaṁ durativartyam || 5.11 [132]

 

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
asādhu sādhurūpeṇa priyarūpeṇa cāpriyam |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
duḥkhaṁ sukhyasya rūpeṇa pramattān abhimardati || 5.12 [133]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ātmānaṁ cet priyaṁ vidyān nainaṁ pāpena yojayet |

−−−⏑¦⏑−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
na hy etat sulabhaṁ bhavati sukhaṁ duṣktakāriṇā || 5.13 [134]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ātmānaṁ cet priyaṁ vidyān nainaṁ pāpena yojayet |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−
etad dhi sulabhaṁ bhavati sukhaṁ suktakāriṇā || 5.14 [135]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ātmānaṁ cet priyaṁ vidyād rakṣed enaṁ surakṣitam |

⏑−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
yathā pratyantanagaraṁ gambhīraparikhaṁ dḍham |

⏑−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    9 syllables Dhp 157: tiṇṇam-aññataraṁ yāmaṁ, which is better metrically.04
trayāṇām anyatamaṁ yāmaṁ pratijāgreta paṇḍitaḥ || 5.15 [136]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
ātmānaṁ cet priyaṁ vidyād gopayet taṁ sugopitam |

⏑−−−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    navipulā
yathā pratyantanagaraṁ guptam antarbahisthiram || 5.16 [137]

 

−−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
evaṁ gopayatātmānaṁ kṣano vo mā hy upatyagāt |

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
kṣaṇātītā hi śocante narakeṣu samarpitāḥ || 5.17 [138]

 

−−⏑−,¦⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Jagatī x 2
sarvā diśas tv anuparigamya cetasā

−−⏑−,¦⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
naivādhyagāt priyataram ātmanaḥ kva cit |

−−⏑−,¦⏑⏑−¦−⏑−−    Triṣṭubh
evaṁ priyaḥ pthagātmā pareṣāṁ

−−⏑−¦−,⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−    Jagatī
tasmān na hiṁsyāt param ātmakāraṇam || 5.18 [139]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
sarve daṇḍasya bibhyanti sarveṣāṁ jīvitaṁ priyam |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
ātmānam upamāṁ ktvā naiva hanyān na ghātayet || 5.19 [140]

 

⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
cirapravāsinaṁ yadvad dūrataḥ svastināgatam |

−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
jñātayaḥ suhdo mitrāś cābhinandanti āgatam || 5.20 [141]

 

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
ktapuṇyaṁ tathā martyam asmāl lokāt paraṁ gatam |

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
puṇyāny evābhinandanti priyaṁ jñātim ivāgatam || 5.21 [142]

 

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
tasmāt kuruta puṇyānāṁ nicayaṁ sāmparāyikam |

−−⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑−
puṇyāni paraloke hi pratiṣṭhā prāṇināṁ hi sā || 5.22 [143]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−
puṇyaṁ devāḥ praśaṁsanti samacaryāṁ ca yaś caret |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
iha cānindito bhavati pretya svarge ca modate || 5.23 [144]

 

−−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
dharmasthaṁ śīlasaṁpannaṁ hrīmantaṁ satyavādinam |

−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
ātmanaḥ kārakaṁ santaṁ taṁ janaḥ kurute priyam || 5.24 [145]

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
pareṣāṁ ca priyo bhavati hy ātmārthaṁ kriyate 'pi ca |

−−⏑−¦−,−−−¦¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑−    mavipulā
dṣte ca dharme prāśaṁsyaḥ sāmparāye ca sadgatiḥ || 5.25 [146]

 

⏑⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑− Sanskritisation has given rise to the resolution at the 1st syllable here; Dhp 77a reads: ovadeyyānusāseyya.05
avavadetānuśāsīta cāsabhyāc ca nivārayet |

⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−¦¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑− We have the curiousity here that bhavati must be read as bhoti in the 1st half of the pādayuga, and given its full 3 syllables in the 2nd half.06
asatāṁ na priyo bhavati satāṁ bhavati tu priyaḥ || 5.26 [147]

 

⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑−
asantaś caiva santaś ca nānā yānti tv itaś cyutāḥ |

⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑−
asanto narakaṁ yānti santaḥ svargaparāyaṇāḥ || 5.27 [148]

 

|| priyavargaḥ 5 || ||