Mahāparinibbānasuttaṁ
The Discourse about the Great Emancipation

[Paṭhamabhāṇavāraṁ]
[The First Chapter for Recitation]

[7: Apare Satta Saṅgha-Aparihāniyā Dhammā] cf. AN Bk. 7.27.01
[Seven Further Things which Prevent Decline in the Community (29-35)]

Apare pi vo bhikkhave satta aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi,
I will teach you a further seven things which prevent decline,

taṁ suṇātha sādhukaṁ manasikarotha bhāsissāmī ti.”
listen to it, apply your minds well, and I will speak.”

“Evaṁ Bhante,” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṁ,
“Very well, reverend Sir,” those monks replied to the Gracious One,

Bhagavā etad-avoca:
and the Gracious One said this:

1) “Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū aniccasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
“For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of impermanence,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. These are known as the Seven Perceptions (Sattasaññā), see Saṅgītisuttaṁ (DN 33). Compare it with the 10 perceptions that were taught to Ven. Girimānanda (AN 10.60), which include these seven, and add: the perception of non-delight in the whole world (sabbaloke anabhiratasaññā), the perception of impermanence in all processes (sabbasaṅkhāresu aniccasaññā), mindfulness while breathing (ānāpānasati).02

2) Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū anattasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of non-self,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. The teaching of non-self may be said to be the most characteristic thing about the Buddha's teaching, which sets it apart from the other religions both then and now.03

3) Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū asubhasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of the unattractive,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. The perception of the unattractive is defined as reflecting on the 32 parts of the body, such as the hairs of the head, body hairs, nails, teeth, skin.04

4) Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū ādīnavasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of danger,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. The perception of danger means seeing how the body is subject to all sorts of diseases and other ailments.05

5) Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū pahānasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of giving up,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. The perception of giving up means giving up wrong intention and establishing right intention (sammāsaṅkappa).06

6) Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū virāgasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of dispassion,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. The perception of dispassion and the following perception of cessation are defined as retiring to a quiet place and attaining nibbāna.07

7) Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave bhikkhū nirodhasaññaṁ bhāvessanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will develop the perception of cessation,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.

 

Yāvakīvañ-ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,
For as long, monks, as the monks will maintain these seven things which prevent decline,

imesu ca sattasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhū sandississanti,
and the monks will agree with these seven things which prevent decline,

vuḍḍhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṁ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.
surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.